The Prince, the Levites, and the Priests Described

1 And he brought me back [by] the way of the outer gate of the sanctuary that [is] facing east, and it was shut.

References for Ezekiel 44:1

      2 And Yahweh said to me, "This gate will be shut. It shall not be opened, and {no one} will go through it, for Yahweh, the God of Israel, has entered it, and it will be shut.

      References for Ezekiel 44:2

        • a 44:2 - Literally "and a man not"
          3 The prince, he may sit in it to eat food {before} Yahweh; he will come from the way of the portico of the gate and by means of its way he will [also] go out."

          References for Ezekiel 44:3

            • b 44:3 - Literally "to the face of"
            • c 44:3 - Or "direction"
              4 Then he brought me [by] the way of the gate of the north to the front of the temple, and I looked, and look! The glory of Yahweh filled the temple of Yahweh, and I fell on my face.

              References for Ezekiel 44:4

                  5 And Yahweh said, "Son of man, set your heart and look with your eyes and with your ears hear {everything} I [am] saying [to] you concerning all the statutes of the temple of Yahweh and concerning all its laws, and you must listen [with] your heart concerning the entrance of the temple with all of [the] exits of the sanctuary.

                  References for Ezekiel 44:5

                    • g 44:5 - Or "mortal," or "son of humankind"
                    • h 44:5 - Or "pay close attention" or "listen closely"
                    • i 44:5 - Literally "all of which/what"
                    • j 44:5 - Or "house"
                    • k 44:5 - According to the reading tradition (Qere); cf. BHS
                    • l 44:5 - Or "house"
                      6 And you must say to [the] rebellious, to the house of Israel, 'Thus says the Lord Yahweh: "Enough for you, house of Israel, of all of your detestable things!

                      References for Ezekiel 44:6

                        • m 44:6 - Or "from"
                          7 At your bringing {foreigners} [who are] uncircumcised of heart and uncircumcised of flesh to be in my sanctuary to profane it, my temple, {as you offered my food, fat, and blood}, so you broke my covenant by all of your detestable things.

                          References for Ezekiel 44:7

                            • n 44:7 - Or "in"
                            • o 44:7 - Literally "children/people of a foreign land"
                            • p 44:7 - Or "house"
                            • q 44:7 - Literally "in/at your offering my food and fat and blood"
                            • r 44:7 - Or "and"
                              8 And you did not observe the responsibility of my sanctuary, but you appointed [them] as the keepers of my responsibility in my sanctuary for you."

                              References for Ezekiel 44:8

                                • s 44:8 - Or "and"
                                • t 44:8 - That is, foreigners
                                  9 Thus says the Lord Yahweh: "Every {foreigner} uncircumcised of heart and uncircumcised of flesh shall not come into my sanctuary--[not] any of [the] {foreigners} who [are] in the midst of the {Israelites}.

                                  References for Ezekiel 44:9

                                    • u 44:9 - Literally "child of a foreign land"
                                    • v 44:9 - Literally "child of a foreign land"
                                    • w 44:9 - Literally "sons/children of Israel"
                                      10 {But} the Levites who removed themselves from me {at the going astray of Israel}, who went astray from me [and went] after their idols, as a result they will bear their guilt.

                                      References for Ezekiel 44:10

                                        • x 44:10 - Literally "For if"
                                        • y 44:10 - Or "when Israel went astray"
                                          11 Then they will be in my sanctuary, [those] serving [in] my sanctuary, [as] sentries at the gates of the temple and [as] [those] serving the temple; they will slaughter the burnt offering and the sacrifice for the people, and they will stand {before them} to serve them,

                                          References for Ezekiel 44:11

                                            • z 44:11 - Or "may be"
                                            • { 44:11 - Or "guards"
                                            • | 44:11 - Or "house"
                                            • } 44:11 - Or "house"
                                            • ~ 44:11 - Literally "to the face of them"
                                              12 {because} they used to serve them {before} their idols and they were for the house of Israel [like] a stumbling block of iniquity. Therefore {I swore} concerning them," {declares} the Lord Yahweh, "[that] they will bear their iniquity.

                                              References for Ezekiel 44:12

                                                •  44:12 - Literally "because that"
                                                • € 44:12 - Literally "to the face of"
                                                •  44:12 - Literally "I raised my hand"
                                                • ‚ 44:12 - Literally "declaration of"
                                                  13 And they shall not approach me to serve as [a] priest for me and to come near to all of my holy objects, {to the most holy objects}, and they will bear their disgrace and [the results of] their detestable things they have done.

                                                  References for Ezekiel 44:13

                                                    • ƒ 44:13 - Or "any of"
                                                    • „ 44:13 - Literally "to the holy objects of the holy objects"
                                                      14 And I will appoint them [as] the keepers of the responsibility of the temple, for all of its work and {everything} which will be done in it.

                                                      References for Ezekiel 44:14

                                                          15 But the Levitical priests, the descendants of Zadok, who cared for the responsibility of my sanctuary {when the Israelites went astray} from me, they will approach me to serve me, and they will stand {before me} to offer to me fat and blood," {declares} the Lord Yahweh.

                                                          References for Ezekiel 44:15

                                                            • ˆ 44:15 - Or "sons"
                                                            • ‰ 44:15 - Literally "at going astray the children of Israel"
                                                            • Š 44:15 - Literally "to the face of me"
                                                            • ‹ 44:15 - Literally "declaration of"
                                                              16 "They shall come to my sanctuary, and they shall approach my table to serve me, and they will observe my requirement.
                                                              17 {And then} {when they come} to the gates of the inner courtyards, they shall put on their inner linen garments and not wear wool [garments] {when they serve} in the gates of the inner courtyard and {inside} the temple.

                                                              References for Ezekiel 44:17

                                                                • Œ 44:17 - Literally "and it will happen"
                                                                •  44:17 - Literally "at their coming"
                                                                • Ž 44:17 - Hebrew "the"
                                                                •  44:17 - Literally "at their serving"
                                                                •  44:17 - Literally "and toward"
                                                                  18 Linen turbans shall be on their head and linen undergarments shall be on their waists; they shall not gird themselves with [material causing] perspiration.
                                                                  19 When they go out to the outer courtyard to the people, they must take off their garment in which they [were] serving, and they must place them {in the holy chambers}, and they must put on other [garments], so that they will not make the people holy with their garments.

                                                                  References for Ezekiel 44:19

                                                                    • ‘ 44:19 - Literally "in the chambers of the holiness"
                                                                      20 And their head they shall not shave, or long hair they shall not let grow; short they shall clip their heads.
                                                                      21 And no priest shall drink wine when they come into the inner courtyard.
                                                                      22 And a widow or divorced [woman] they shall not take for themselves as wives, {but only} a virgin from the offspring of the house of Israel, or the widow who is a widow for a priest they may take.

                                                                      References for Ezekiel 44:22

                                                                        • ’ 44:22 - Literally "but if"
                                                                          23 And they will teach my people [the difference] between what is holy and what is unholy, and [the difference] between unclean and clean they must show them.
                                                                          24 And at a legal dispute they themselves shall stand to judge; employing my judgments they shall judge it, and [with respect to] my laws and my statutes. All my festivals they shall keep and my Sabbaths they shall consecrate.

                                                                          References for Ezekiel 44:24

                                                                              25 And {near a dead person} he shall not come to be defiled, {but only} for a father and for a mother and for a son and for a daughter, for a brother and for a sister {who was not married} may they defile themselves.

                                                                              References for Ezekiel 44:25

                                                                                • ” 44:25 - Literally "and to a dead person of a man"
                                                                                • • 44:25 - That is, the priest
                                                                                • – 44:25 - Literally "but if"
                                                                                • — 44:25 - Literally "who not she was for a man"
                                                                                  26 And, after his cleansing, they shall count for him seven days,

                                                                                  References for Ezekiel 44:26

                                                                                    • ˜ 44:26 - That is, the priest
                                                                                      27 and [then] on the day of his coming into the sanctuary to the inner courtyard to serve in the sanctuary, he shall offer his sin offering," {declares} the Lord Yahweh.

                                                                                      References for Ezekiel 44:27

                                                                                        • ™ 44:27 - Literally "declaration of"
                                                                                          28 And [thus] it will be to them as [regards] inheritance, [that] I [am] their inheritance, and [so] you shall not give to them property in Israel; I [am] their property.
                                                                                          29 The grain offering and the sin offering and the guilt offering, they themselves may eat them, and [also] all [the] consecrated possessions in Israel will be theirs.

                                                                                          References for Ezekiel 44:29

                                                                                            • š 44:29 - Hebrew "possession"
                                                                                              30 And [also] what is first of all of [the] firstfruits of everything, and of all of [the] contribution of everything from all of your contributions, to the priest {it belongs}, and what is first of your dough you shall give to the priest, so that a blessing may rest on your house.

                                                                                              References for Ezekiel 44:30

                                                                                                • › 44:30 - Literally "it shall be"
                                                                                                  31 Any dead body or mangled carcass from the birds or from the animals, the priests shall not eat."

                                                                                                  References for Ezekiel 44:31

                                                                                                    • œ 44:31 - Hebrew "bird"
                                                                                                    •  44:31 - Hebrew "animal"