Warning Against Hypocrisy

1 During {this time} [when] a crowd of many thousands had gathered together, so that they were trampling one another, he began to say to his disciples first, "Beware for yourselves of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy.
References for Luke 12:1
    • a 12:1 - Literally "which time"
    • b 12:1 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle ("had gathered together")
      2 But nothing is concealed that will not be revealed, and secret that will not be made known.
      3 Therefore everything that you have said in the dark will be heard in the light, and what {you have whispered} in the inner rooms will be proclaimed on the housetops.
      References for Luke 12:3
        • c 12:3 - Literally "you have spoken to the ear"

          Fear God Rather Than People

          4 "And I tell you, my friends, do not be afraid of those who kill the body, and after these [things] do not have anything more to do.
          References for Luke 12:4
              5 But I will show you whom you should fear: fear the one who has authority, after the killing, to throw [you] into hell! Yes, I tell you, fear this one!
              References for Luke 12:5
                • d 12:5 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                  6 Are not five sparrows sold for two pennies? And not one of them is forgotten in the sight of God.
                  7 But even the hairs of your head are all numbered! Do not be afraid; you are worth more than many sparrows.

                  Acknowledgement of Christ and Persecution of Disciples

                  8 "And I tell you, everyone who acknowledges me before people, the Son of Man also will acknowledge him before the angels of God,
                  References for Luke 12:8
                      9 but the one who denies me before people will be denied before the angels of God.
                      10 And everyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man, it will be forgiven him, but to the one who blasphemes against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven.
                      11 But when they bring you before the synagogues and the rulers and the authorities, do not be anxious how or what you should speak in your own defense or what you should say,
                      12 for the Holy Spirit will teach you in [that] same hour what it is necessary to say."

                      The Parable of the Rich Landowner Who Was a Fool

                      13 Now someone from the crowd said to him, "Teacher, tell my brother to divide the inheritance with me!"
                      References for Luke 12:13
                          14 But he said to him, "Man, who made me a judge or an arbitrator over you?"
                          15 And he said to them, "Watch out and guard yourselves from all greediness, because not [even] when someone has an abundance {does} his life [consist] of his possessions."
                          References for Luke 12:15
                            • e 12:15 - Literally "is"
                              16 And he told a parable to them, saying, "The land of a certain rich man yielded an abundant harvest.
                              17 And he reasoned to himself, saying, 'What should I do? For I do not have anywhere I can gather in my crops.'
                              18 And he said, 'I will do this: I will tear down my barns and build larger ones, and I will gather in there all my grain and possessions.
                              19 And I will say to my soul, "Soul, you have many possessions stored up for many years. Relax, eat, drink, celebrate!" '
                              20 But God said to him, 'Fool! This night your life is demanded from you, and [the things] which you have prepared--whose will they be?'
                              References for Luke 12:20
                                • f 12:20 - The same Greek word can be translated "soul" or "life" depending on the context
                                  21 So [is] the one who stores up treasure for himself, and who is not rich toward God!"


                                  22 And he said to his disciples, "For this [reason] I tell you, do not be anxious for [your] life, what you will eat, or for [your] body, what you will wear.
                                  References for Luke 12:22
                                    • g 12:22 - *Literally "the"; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
                                    • h 12:22 - *Literally "the"; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
                                      23 For life is more than food, and the body [more than] clothing.
                                      24 Consider the ravens, that they neither sow nor reap; to them there is neither storeroom nor barn, and God feeds them. How much more are you worth than the birds?
                                      25 And which of you [by] being anxious is able to add an hour to his life span?
                                      References for Luke 12:25
                                        • i 12:25 - *Here "[by]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("being anxious") which is understood as means
                                        • j 12:25 - Or "a cubit" (the literal meaning); most scholars understand this to refer figuratively to an "hour" of life here, though some take it as a literal measurement of height
                                          26 If then you are not even able [to do] a very little thing, why are you anxious about the rest?
                                          27 Consider the lilies, how they grow: they do not toil or spin, but I say to you, not even Solomon in all his glory was dressed like one of these.
                                          28 But if God clothes the grass in the field in this way, [although it] is [here] today and tomorrow is thrown into the oven, how much more [will he do so for] you, you of little faith?
                                          References for Luke 12:28
                                            • k 12:28 - *Here "[although]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("is") which is understood as concessive
                                            • l 12:28 - *The phrase "[will he do so for]" is not in the Greek text but is implied
                                              29 And you, do not consider what you will eat and what you will drink, and do not be anxious.
                                              30 For all the nations of the world seek after these [things], and your Father knows that you need these [things].
                                              31 But seek his kingdom and these [things] will be added to you.
                                              32 "Do not be afraid, little flock, because your Father is well pleased to give you the kingdom.
                                              33 Sell your possessions and give charitable gifts. Make for yourselves money bags that do not wear out, an inexhaustible treasure in heaven where thief does not approach or moth destroy.
                                              References for Luke 12:33
                                                • m 12:33 - Or "in the heavens"
                                                  34 For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.

                                                  On the Alert for the Master’s Return

                                                  35 "{You must be prepared for action} and [your] lamps burning.
                                                  References for Luke 12:35
                                                    • n 12:35 - Literally "your loins must be girded"
                                                    • o 12:35 - *Literally "the"; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
                                                      36 And you, [be] like people who are waiting for their master when he returns from the wedding feast, so that [when he] comes back and knocks, they can open [the door] for him immediately.
                                                      References for Luke 12:36
                                                        • p 12:36 - Or perhaps simply "feast"
                                                        • q 12:36 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle ("comes back")
                                                        • r 12:36 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                                          37 Blessed [are] those slaves whom the master will find on the alert [when he] returns! Truly I say to you that he will dress himself for service and have them recline at the table and will come by [and] serve them.
                                                          References for Luke 12:37
                                                            • s 12:37 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("will come by") has been translated as a finite verb
                                                              38 Even if he should come back in the second or in the third watch of the night and find [them] like this, blessed are they!
                                                              References for Luke 12:38
                                                                • t 12:38 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                                                  39 But understand this, that if the master of the house had known what hour the thief was coming, he would not have left his house to be broken into.
                                                                  40 You also must be ready, because the Son of Man is coming at an hour that you do not think [he will come]."
                                                                  References for Luke 12:40
                                                                    • u 12:40 - *The words "[he will come]" are not in the Greek text but are implied

                                                                      A Faithful Slave and an Unfaithful Slave

                                                                      41 And Peter said, "Lord, are you telling this parable for us, or also for everyone?"
                                                                      References for Luke 12:41
                                                                          42 And the Lord said, "Who then is the faithful wise manager whom the master will put in charge over his servants to give [them] [their] food allowance at the right time?
                                                                          References for Luke 12:42
                                                                            • v 12:42 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                                                            • w 12:42 - *Literally "the"; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
                                                                              43 Blessed [is] that slave whom his master will find so doing [when he] comes back.
                                                                              References for Luke 12:43
                                                                                • x 12:43 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("comes back") which is understood as temporal
                                                                                  44 Truly I say to you that he will put him in charge of all his possessions.
                                                                                  45 But if that slave should say {to himself}, 'My master is taking a long time to return,' and he begins to beat the male slaves and the female slaves and to eat and drink and get drunk,
                                                                                  References for Luke 12:45
                                                                                    • y 12:45 - Literally "in his heart"
                                                                                      46 the master of that slave will come on a day that he does not expect and at an hour that he does not know, and will cut him in two and assign his place with the unbelievers.
                                                                                      47 And that slave who knew the will of his master and did not prepare or do according to his will {will be given a severe beating}.
                                                                                      References for Luke 12:47
                                                                                        • z 12:47 - Literally "will be beaten much"
                                                                                          48 But the one who did not know and did [things] deserving blows {will be given a light beating}. And from everyone to whom much has been given, much will be demanded, and from him to whom they entrusted much, they will ask him [for] even more.
                                                                                          References for Luke 12:48
                                                                                            • { 12:48 - Literally "will be beaten a few times"

                                                                                              Not Peace, But a Sword of Divisiveness

                                                                                              49 "I have come to bring fire on the earth, and how I wish that it had been kindled already!
                                                                                              References for Luke 12:49
                                                                                                  50 But I have a baptism to be baptized with, and how I am distressed until it is accomplished!
                                                                                                  51 Do you think that I have come to grant peace on the earth? No, I tell you, but rather division!
                                                                                                  52 For from now on there will be five in one household, divided three against two and two against three.
                                                                                                  53 They will be divided, father against son and son against father, mother against daughter and daughter against mother, mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law and daughter-in-law against mother-in-law."

                                                                                                  The Signs of the Times

                                                                                                  54 And he also said to the crowds, "When you see a cloud coming up in the west, you say at once, 'A rainstorm is coming,' and so it happens.
                                                                                                  References for Luke 12:54
                                                                                                      55 And when [you see] the south wind blowing, you say, 'There will be burning heat,' and it happens.
                                                                                                      56 Hypocrites! You know how to evaluate the appearance of the earth and the sky, but how [is it] you do not know how to evaluate this present time?

                                                                                                      Settle Accounts Quickly

                                                                                                      57 And why do you not also judge for yourselves [what is] right?
                                                                                                      References for Luke 12:57
                                                                                                          58 For as you are going with your accuser before the magistrate, make an effort to come to a settlement with him on the way, so that he will not drag you to the judge, and the judge will hand you over to the bailiff, and the bailiff will throw you into prison.
                                                                                                          59 I tell you, you will never get out of there until you have paid back even the last cent!"
                                                                                                          References for Luke 12:59
                                                                                                            • | 12:59 - Literally "lepton," a small copper coin worth 1/128 of a denarius