John the Baptist Begins His Ministry

1 The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ.a

References for Mark 1:1

    • a 1:1 - Some manuscripts add "the Son of God"
      2 Just as it is written in the prophet Isaiah, "Behold, I am sending my messenger before your face, who will prepare your way,
      3 the voice of one shouting in the wilderness, 'Prepare the way of the Lord, make straight his paths!'"b

      References for Mark 1:3

        • b 1:3 - A quotation from Isa 40:3
          4 John was there baptizing in the wilderness, proclaimingc a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins.

          References for Mark 1:4

            • c 1:4 - Some manuscripts have "and proclaiming"
              5 And all the Judean region and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem went out to him and were being baptized by him in the Jordan River, confessing their sins.
              6 And John was dressed in camel's hair and a belt made of leather around his waist, and he ate locusts and wild honey.
              7 And he was preaching, saying, "One [who is] more powerful than I is coming after me, of whom I am not worthy to bend down [and]d untie the strap of his sandals.

              References for Mark 1:7

                • d 1:7 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("bend down") has been translated as an infinitive
                  8 I baptized you with water, but he will baptize you with the Holy Spirit."

                  The Baptism of Jesus

                  9 And it happened that in those days Jesus came from Nazareth in Galilee and was baptized in the Jordan by John.

                  References for Mark 1:9

                      10 And immediately [as he]e was coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens being split apart and the Spirit descending like a dove on him.

                      References for Mark 1:10

                        • e 1:10 - *Here "[as]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("was coming up") which is understood as temporal
                          11 And a voice came from heaven, "You are my beloved Son; with you I am well pleased."

                          The Temptation of Jesus

                          12 And immediately the Spirit drove him out into the wilderness.

                          References for Mark 1:12

                              13 And he was in the wilderness forty days being tempted by Satan. And he was with the wild animals, and the angels were ministering to him.

                              Public Ministry in Galilee

                              14 And afterf John {had been taken into custody},g Jesus went into Galilee proclaiming the gospel of God

                              References for Mark 1:14

                                • f 1:14 - Some manuscripts have "Now after"
                                • g 1:14 - Literally "had been handed over"
                                  15 and saying, "The time is fulfilled and the kingdom of God has come near. Repent and believe in the gospel!"

                                  Jesus Calls His First Disciples

                                  16 And [as he]h was passing by along the Sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and Andrew, Simon's brother, casting [a net]i into the sea (for they were fishermen).

                                  References for Mark 1:16

                                    • h 1:16 - *Here "[as]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("was passing by") which is understood as temporal
                                    • i 1:16 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                      17 And Jesus said to them, "{Follow}j me and I will make you become fishers of people."

                                      References for Mark 1:17

                                        • j 1:17 - Literally "come after"
                                          18 And immediately they left their nets [and]k followed him.

                                          References for Mark 1:18

                                            • k 1:18 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("left") has been translated as a finite verb
                                              19 And going on a little [farther], he saw James the [son] of Zebedee and his brother John, and they [were] in the boat mending the nets.
                                              20 And immediately he called them, and they left their father Zebedee in the boat with the hired men [and]l went away after him.

                                              References for Mark 1:20

                                                • l 1:20 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("left") has been translated as a finite verb
                                                  21 And they went into Capernaum and immediately on the Sabbath he began to teach in the synagogue.m

                                                  References for Mark 1:21

                                                    • m 1:21 - Some manuscripts have "he went into the synagogue and began to teach"

                                                      A Man with an Unclean Spirit Healed

                                                      22 And they were amazed at his teaching, because he was teaching them like one who had authority, and not like the scribes.

                                                      References for Mark 1:22

                                                          23 And so then there was a man in their synagogue with an unclean spirit, and he cried out,
                                                          24 saying, "{Leave us alone},n Jesus the Nazarene! Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are--the Holy One of God!"

                                                          References for Mark 1:24

                                                            • n 1:24 - Literally "what to us and to you"
                                                              25 And Jesus rebuked him, saying, "Be silent, and come out of him!"
                                                              26 And [after]o convulsing him and crying out with a loud voice, the unclean spirit came out of him.

                                                              References for Mark 1:26

                                                                • o 1:26 - *Here "[after]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("convulsing") which is understood as temporal
                                                                  27 And they were all amazed, so that [they began] to discuss with one another, saying, "What is this? A new teaching with authority! He even commands the unclean spirits and they obey him."
                                                                  28 And the report about him then went out everywhere in the whole surrounding region of Galilee.

                                                                  Many at Capernaum Are Healed

                                                                  29 And so then he departed from the synagogue [and]p came into the house of Simon and Andrew with James and John.

                                                                  References for Mark 1:29

                                                                    • p 1:29 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("departed") has been translated as a finite verb
                                                                      30 Now Simon's mother-in-law was lying down, suffering with a fever, and at once they told him about her.
                                                                      31 And he came [and]q raised her up [by]r taking hold of hers hand, and the fever left her, and she began to serve them.

                                                                      References for Mark 1:31

                                                                        • q 1:31 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("came") has been translated as a finite verb
                                                                        • r 1:31 - *Here "[by]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("taking hold of") which is understood as means
                                                                        • s 1:31 - Literally "the"; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
                                                                          32 Now [when it]t was evening, when the sun had set, they began bringingu to him all those {who were sick}v and those who were demon-possessed.

                                                                          References for Mark 1:32

                                                                            • t 1:32 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle ("was")
                                                                            • u 1:32 - The imperfect tense has been translated as ingressive here ("began bringing")
                                                                            • v 1:32 - Literally "who were having badly"
                                                                              33 And the whole town was gathered together at the door.
                                                                              34 And he healed many {who were sick}w with various diseases and expelled many demons. And he did not permit the demons to speak, because they knew him.

                                                                              References for Mark 1:34

                                                                                • w 1:34 - Literally "who were having badly"

                                                                                  Preaching Throughout Galilee

                                                                                  35 And getting up early in the morning [while it was] very dark, he departed and went to a deserted place, and there he was praying.

                                                                                  References for Mark 1:35

                                                                                      36 And Simon and those [who were] with him searched diligently for him.
                                                                                      37 And they found him and said to him, "Everyone is looking for you!"
                                                                                      38 And he said to them, "Let us go elsewhere, into the neighboring rural towns, so that I can preach there also, because I have come out for this [very] reason."
                                                                                      39 And he went into all Galilee preaching in their synagogues and expelling demons.

                                                                                      A Leper Cleansed

                                                                                      40 And a leper came to him, entreating him and kneeling down, sayingx to him, "If you are willing, you are able to make me clean."

                                                                                      References for Mark 1:40

                                                                                        • x 1:40 - Some manuscripts have "and saying"
                                                                                          41 And becoming angry,y he stretched out his hand [and]z touched [him]{, and said to him, "I am willing; be made clean."

                                                                                          References for Mark 1:41

                                                                                            • y 1:41 - Some manuscripts have "having compassion"
                                                                                            • z 1:41 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("stretched out") has been translated as a finite verb
                                                                                            • { 1:41 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                                                                              42 And immediately the leprosy went away from him and he was made clean.
                                                                                              43 And warning him sternly, he sent him away at once.
                                                                                              44 And he said to him, "See to it that you say nothing to anyone, but go, show yourself to the priest and bring for your cleansing [the things] which Moses commanded, for a testimony to them.
                                                                                              45 But he went out [and]| began to proclaim [it]} freely and to spread abroad the account, so that he was no longer able to enter publicly into a town. But he was staying outside in deserted places, and they were coming to him from all directions.

                                                                                              References for Mark 1:45

                                                                                                • | 1:45 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("went out") has been translated as a finite verb
                                                                                                • } 1:45 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation