For the [music] director; according to The Doe of the Dawn. A psalm of David.

Suffering and Waiting for Deliverance

1 My God, my God why have you forsaken me? [Why are you] far from helping me, [far from] the words of my groaning?

References for Psalms 22:1

    • a 22:1 - The Hebrew Bible counts the superscription as the first verse of the psalm; the English verse number is reduced by one
      2 O my God, I call by day and you do not answer, and [by] night but I have no rest.

      References for Psalms 22:2

        • b 22:2 - Or "I am not silent"
          3 Yet you [are] holy, enthroned on the praises of Israel.
          4 Our ancestors trusted you; they trusted and you delivered them.

          References for Psalms 22:4

            • c 22:4 - Or "fathers"
              5 They cried to you and were saved; they trusted you and were not ashamed.
              6 But I [am] a worm and not a man, scorned by humankind and despised by people.
              7 All [who] see me mock me. They open wide [their] lips; they shake [the] head, [saying]:
              8 "{He trusts Yahweh}. Let him rescue him. Let him deliver him because he delights in him."

              References for Psalms 22:8

                • d 22:8 - Literally "Commit to Yahweh"
                  9 Yet [you] took me from [the] belly; you made me trust [while] on my mother's breasts.
                  10 On you I was cast from [the] womb. From my mother's belly you [have been] my God.
                  11 Do not be far from me because trouble [is] near; because there is no helper.
                  12 Many bulls have encircled me; mighty [bulls] of Bashan have surrounded me.
                  13 They open their mouth against me [like] a lion tearing and roaring.
                  14 I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint. My heart is like wax; it is melted {within me}.

                  References for Psalms 22:14

                    • e 22:14 - Literally "in the midst of my intestines"
                      15 My strength is dry like a potsherd, and my tongue is sticking [to] my jaws; and you have placed me in [the] dust of death.
                      16 Because dogs have surrounded me; a gang of evildoers has encircled me. Like the lion [they are at] my hands and my feet.

                      References for Psalms 22:16

                        • f 22:16 - Or "they gouge out" or "they bind." Not the same word for "lion" found in vv. 14(13), 22(21). The Hebrew text presents such problems that any interpretation must be lightly held.
                          17 I can count all my bones; they gaze, they look at me.
                          18 They divide my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots.

                          References for Psalms 22:18

                              19 But you, O Yahweh, do not remain distant. O my help, hasten to help me.
                              20 Rescue my life from [the] sword, my only [life] from [the] power of [the] dogs.

                              References for Psalms 22:20

                                  21 Save me from [the] mouth of [the] lion, and from [the] horns of [the] wild oxen answer me.
                                  22 I will tell your name to my brothers; inside [the] assembly I will praise you.
                                  23 You who revere Yahweh, praise him! Glorify him, all [you] seed of Jacob, and be in awe of him, all [you] seed of Israel,
                                  24 because he has not despised nor abhorred [the] affliction of [the] afflicted, and has not hid his face from him; but he listened to him when he cried for help.
                                  25 From you [is] my praise. In [the] great assembly, I will pay my vows before those who revere him.
                                  26 [The] afflicted will eat and will be satisfied. Those who seek him will praise Yahweh. May your heart live forever.

                                  References for Psalms 22:26

                                      27 All [the] ends of [the] earth will remember and turn to Yahweh. All [the] families of [the] nations will worship before you.
                                      28 Because the kingship belongs to Yahweh, and [he] rules over the nations.
                                      29 All [the] {healthy ones} of [the] earth will eat and worship. Before him all [of] those descending [into the] dust will kneel, even he [who] cannot keep his soul alive.

                                      References for Psalms 22:29

                                        • j 22:29 - Or "prosperous"; Literally "fat ones"
                                          30 Descendants will serve him. Regarding the Lord, it will be told to the [next] generation.

                                          References for Psalms 22:30

                                            • k 22:30 - Hebrew "Descendant"
                                              31 They will come and tell his saving [deeds] to a people [yet] to be born, that he has done [it].

                                              References for Psalms 22:31

                                                • l 22:31 - Or "righteousness"