1Now it happened afterwards that 2the king of the Ammonites died, and Hanun his son became king in his place.
References for 2 Samuel 10:1
Then David said, "I will show kindness to Hanun the son of 3Nahash, just as his father showed kindness to me." So David sent some of his servants to console him concerning his father. But when David's servants came to the land of the Ammonites ,
References for 2 Samuel 10:2
the princes of the Ammonites said to Hanun their lord, "Do you think that David is honoring your father because he has sent consolers to you? 4Has David not sent his servants to you in order to search the city, to spy it out and overthrow it?"
References for 2 Samuel 10:3
So Hanun took David's servants and 5shaved off half of their beards, and 6cut off their garments in the middle as far as their hips, and sent them away.
References for 2 Samuel 10:4
When they told it to David, he sent to meet them, for the men were greatly humiliated. And the king said, "Stay at Jericho until your beards grow, and then return."
References for 2 Samuel 10:5
Now when the sons of Ammon saw that 7they had become odious to David, the sons of Ammon sent and 8hired the Arameans of 9Beth-rehob and the 10Arameans of Zobah, 20,000 foot soldiers, and the king of 11Maacah with 1,000 men, and the men of Tob with 12,000 men.
References for 2 Samuel 10:6
When David heard of it, he sent Joab and all the army, the mighty men.
The sons of Ammon came out and drew up in battle array 12at the entrance of the city, while the Arameans of Zobah and of Rehob and the men of 13Tob and Maacah were by themselves in the field.
References for 2 Samuel 10:8
Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him in front and in the rear, he selected from all the choice men of Israel, and arrayed them against the Arameans.
References for 2 Samuel 10:9
But the remainder of the people he placed in the hand of Abishai his brother, and he arrayed them against the sons of Ammon.
He said, "If the Arameans are too strong for me, then you shall help me, but if the sons of Ammon are too strong for you, then I will come to help you.
"14Be strong, and let us show ourselves courageous for the sake of our people and for the cities of our God; and 15may the LORD do what is good in His sight."
References for 2 Samuel 10:12
So Joab and the people who were with him drew near to the battle against the Arameans, and 16they fled before him.
References for 2 Samuel 10:13
When the sons of Ammon saw that the Arameans fled, they also fled before Abishai and entered the city. 17Then Joab returned from fighting against the sons of Ammon and came to Jerusalem.
References for 2 Samuel 10:14
When the Arameans saw that they had been defeated by Israel, they gathered themselves together.
References for 2 Samuel 10:15
18And Hadadezer sent and brought out the Arameans who were beyond the River, and they came to Helam; and 19Shobach the commander of the army of Hadadezer led them.
References for 2 Samuel 10:16
Now when it was told David, he gathered all Israel together and crossed the Jordan, and came to Helam. And the Arameans arrayed themselves to meet David and fought against him.
But the Arameans fled before Israel, and David killed charioteers of the Arameans and 40,000 horsemen and struck down Shobach the commander of their army, and he died there.
References for 2 Samuel 10:18
When all the kings, servants of Hadadezer, saw that they were defeated by Israel, 20they made peace with Israel and served them. So the Arameans feared to help the sons of Ammon anymore.
References for 2 Samuel 10:19