Now 1in the twelfthmonth (that is, the monthAdar ), on 2the thirteenthaday3when the king'scommand and edictbwere about to be executed, on the daywhen the enemies of the Jewshoped to gain the masteryover them, it was turned to the contrary so that the Jewsthemselvesgained the masteryover those who hated them.
24The Jewsassembled in their cities throughout all the provinces of KingAhasuerus to layhands on those who sought their harm; and noone could standbefore them, 5for the dread of them had fallen on all the peoples.
Even all the princes of the provinces, 6the satraps, the governors and those who were doing the king'sbusinesscassisted the Jews, because the dread of Mordecai had fallen on them.
4Indeed, Mordecai was great in the king'shouse, and his famespread throughout all the provinces; for the manMordecai7becamegreater and greater.
Thus 8the Jewsstruckall their enemies with dthe sword, killing and destroying; and they didwhat they pleased to those who hated them.
At the citadel in Susa the Jewskilled and destroyedfivehundredmen,
and Parshandatha, Dalphon, Aspatha,
8Poratha, Adalia, Aridatha,
9Parmashta, Arisai, Aridai and Vaizatha,
109the tensons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Jews'enemy; but 10they did not lay their hands on the plunder.
On that day the number of those who were killed at the citadel in Susaewas reported to the king.
The kingsaid to QueenEsther, "The Jews have killed and destroyedfivehundredmen and the tensons of Haman at the citadel in Susa. What then have they done in the rest of the king'sprovinces! 11Now what is your petition? It shall even be granted you. And what is your furtherrequest? It shall also be done."
Then saidEsther, "If it pleases the king, 12let tomorrowalso be granted to the Jewswho are in Susa to do according to the edict of today; and let Haman'stensons be hanged on the gallows."
So the kingcommanded that it should be doneso; and an edict was issued in Susa, and Haman'stensons were hanged.
The Jewswho were in Susaassembledalso on the fourteenthday of the monthAdar and killed13threehundredmen in Susa, but 14they did not lay their hands on the plunder.
Now 15the rest of the Jewswho were in the king'sprovinces16assembled, to defend their lives and fridthemselves of their enemies, and kill75,000 of those who hated them; but they did not lay their hands on the plunder.
This was done on 17the thirteenthday of the monthAdar, and 18on the fourteenthgday they rested and made it a day of feasting and rejoicing.
But the Jewswho were in Susa19assembled on the thirteenth and 20the fourteenthhof the same month, and they rested on the fifteenthiday and made it a day of feasting and rejoicing.
19Therefore the Jews of the ruralareas, who live in 21the ruraltowns, make the fourteenthday of the monthAdar a j22holiday for rejoicing and feasting and 23sendingportions of food to oneanother.
Then Mordecairecordedtheseevents, and he sentletters to all the Jewswho were in all the provinces of KingAhasuerus, both near and far,
21obliging them to celebrate the fourteenthday of the monthAdar, and the fifteenthdaykof the same month, annually ,
because on those days the Jewslridthemselves of their enemies, and it was a monthwhich was 24turned for them from sorrow into gladness and from mourning into a mholiday ; that they should make them days of feasting and rejoicing and 25sendingportions of food to oneanother and gifts to the poor.
Thus the Jewsundertookwhat they had started to do, and whatMordecai had written to them.
For Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the adversary of all the Jews, had schemedagainst the Jews to destroy them and 26had castPur, that is the lot, to disturb them and destroy them.
But 27when it camento the king'sattention, he commanded by letter28that his wickedschemewhich he had odevisedagainst the Jews, 29should return on his own head and that he and his sons should be hanged on the pgallows.
26Therefore they calledthesedaysPurimafter the name of Pur. qAnd 30because of the instructions in thisletter, both what they had seen in thisregard and what had happened to them,
the Jewsestablished and rmade a custom for themselves and for their sdescendants and for 31all those who allied themselves with them, so that tthey would not fail32to celebratethesetwodays according to their uregulation and according to their appointedtimeannually .
So thesedays were to be remembered and celebrated throughout everygeneration, everyfamily, everyprovince and everycity; and thesedays of Purim were not to vfail from among the Jews, or their memorywfade from their xdescendants.
Then QueenEsther, 33daughter of Abihail, with Mordecai the Jew, wrote with fullauthority to confirm34thissecondletter about Purim.
He sentletters to all the Jews, 35to the 127provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus, namely, words of peace and truth,
to establishthesedays of Purim at their appointedtimes, just as Mordecai the Jew and QueenEsther had established for them, and just as they had established for themselves and for their ydescendants with zinstructions36for their times of fasting and their lamentations.
The command of Estherestablishedtheseaacustoms for 37Purim, and it was written in the book.