Arad Conquered

1 When the Canaanite, the king of 1Arad, who lived in the Negev, heard that Israel was coming by the way of Atharim, then he fought against Israel and took some of them captive.
References for Numbers 21:1
    • a 21:1 - I.e. South country
    • b 21:1 - Or "the spies"
      2 So 2Israel made a vow to the LORD and said, "If You will indeed deliver this people into my hand, then I will utterly destroy their cities."
      References for Numbers 21:2
        • c 21:2 - Lit "devote to destruction"
          3 The LORD heard the voice of Israel and delivered up the Canaanites; then they utterly destroyed them and their cities. Thus the name of the place was called 3Hormah.
          References for Numbers 21:3
            • d 21:3 - Lit "devoted to destruction"
            • e 21:3 - I.e. a devoted thing; or Destruction
              4 Then they set out from Mount Hor by the way of the Red * Sea, to 4go around the land of Edom; and the people became impatient because of the journey.
              References for Numbers 21:4
                • f 21:4 - Lit "Sea of Reeds"
                • g 21:4 - Lit "soul of the people was short"
                  5 The people spoke against God and Moses, "5Why have you brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? For there is no food and no water, and 6we loathe this miserable food."
                  References for Numbers 21:5
                    • h 21:5 - Lit "bread"
                    • i 21:5 - Lit "our soul loathes"

                      The Bronze Serpent

                      6 7The LORD sent fiery serpents among the people and 8they bit the people, so that 9many people of Israel died.
                      References for Numbers 21:6
                      7 10So the people came to Moses and said, "We have sinned, because we have spoken against the LORD and you; 11intercede with the LORD, that He may remove the serpents from us." And Moses interceded for the people.
                      8 Then the LORD said to Moses, "Make a 12fiery serpent, and set it on a standard; and it shall come about, that everyone who is bitten, when he looks at it, he will live."
                      References for Numbers 21:8
                        • j 21:8 - Lit "Make for yourself"
                          9 And Moses made a 13bronze serpent and set it on the standard; and it came about, that if a serpent bit any man, when he looked to the bronze serpent, he lived.
                          References for Numbers 21:9
                          10 14Now the sons of Israel moved out and camped in Oboth.
                          References for Numbers 21:10
                          11 They journeyed from Oboth and camped at Iye-abarim, in the wilderness which is opposite * Moab, to the east *.
                          References for Numbers 21:11
                            • k 21:11 - Lit "sunrise"
                              12 15From there they set out and camped in Wadi Zered.
                              References for Numbers 21:12
                                • l 21:12 - I.e. a dry ravine except during rainy season
                                  13 From there they journeyed and camped on the other side of the Arnon, which is in the wilderness that comes out of the border of the Amorites, 16for the Arnon is the border of Moab, between Moab and the Amorites.
                                  References for Numbers 21:13
                                  14 Therefore * it is said in the Book of the Wars of the LORD, "Waheb in Suphah, And the wadis of the Arnon,
                                  15 And the slope of the wadis That extends to the site of 17Ar, And leans to the border of Moab."
                                  References for Numbers 21:15
                                  16 18From there they continued to Beer, that is the well where the LORD said to Moses, "Assemble the people, that I may give them water."
                                  References for Numbers 21:16
                                  17 19Then Israel sang this song: "Spring up, O well! Sing to it!
                                  References for Numbers 21:17
                                  18 "The well, which the leaders sank, Which the nobles of the people dug, With the scepter and with their staffs." And from the wilderness they continued to Mattanah,
                                  19 and from Mattanah to Nahaliel, and from Nahaliel to Bamoth,
                                  20 and from Bamoth to the valley that is in the land of Moab, at the top of Pisgah which overlooks * * the wasteland.
                                  References for Numbers 21:20
                                    • n 21:20 - Or "Jeshimon"

                                      Two Victories

                                      21 20Then Israel sent messengers to Sihon, king of the Amorites, saying,
                                      References for Numbers 21:21
                                      22 "21Let me pass through your land. We will not turn off into field or vineyard; we will not drink water from wells. We will go by the king's highway until * we have passed through your border."
                                      References for Numbers 21:22
                                      23 22But Sihon would not permit Israel to pass through his border. So Sihon gathered all his people and went out against Israel in the wilderness, and came to 23Jahaz and fought against Israel.
                                      References for Numbers 21:23
                                      24 Then 24Israel struck him with the edge of the sword, and took possession of his land from the Arnon to the Jabbok, as far as the sons of Ammon; for the 25border of the sons of Ammon was Jazer.
                                      References for Numbers 21:24
                                        • o 21:24 - Lit "smote," so with Gr and Lat
                                        • p 21:24 - M.T. reads "strong"
                                          25 Israel took all these cities and 26Israel lived in all the cities of the Amorites, in Heshbon, and in all her villages.
                                          References for Numbers 21:25
                                            • q 21:25 - Lit "daughters"
                                              26 For Heshbon was the city of Sihon, king of the Amorites, who had fought against the former king of Moab and had taken all his land out of his hand, as far as the Arnon.
                                              27 Therefore * those who use proverbs say, "Come to Heshbon! Let it be built! So let the city of Sihon be established.
                                              28 "27For a fire went forth from Heshbon, A flame from the town of Sihon; It devoured 28Ar of Moab, The 29dominant heights of the Arnon.
                                              References for Numbers 21:28
                                              29 "30Woe to you, O Moab! You are ruined, O people of 31Chemosh! 32He has given his sons as fugitives, 33And his daughters into captivity, To an Amorite king, Sihon.
                                              30 "But we have cast them down, Heshbon is ruined as far as 34Dibon, Then we have laid waste even to Nophah, Which reaches to Medeba."
                                              References for Numbers 21:30
                                              31 Thus Israel lived in the land of the Amorites.
                                              32 Moses sent to spy out 35Jazer, and they captured its villages and dispossessed the Amorites who were there.
                                              References for Numbers 21:32
                                              33 36Then they turned and went up by the way of Bashan, and Og the king of Bashan went out with all his people, for battle at 37Edrei.
                                              References for Numbers 21:33
                                              34 But the LORD said to Moses, "38Do not fear him, for I have given him into your hand, and all his people and his land; and you shall do to him as you did to Sihon, king of the Amorites, who lived at Heshbon."
                                              References for Numbers 21:34
                                              35 So 39they killed him and his sons and all his people, until there was no remnant left him; and they possessed his land.
                                              References for Numbers 21:35