The Reubenites and Gadites, who had very large herds and flocks,1 saw that the lands of Jazer2 and Gilead3 were suitable for livestock.42
So they came to Moses and Eleazar the priest and to the leaders of the community,5 and said,
"Ataroth,6 Dibon,7 Jazer,8 Nimrah,9 Heshbon,10 Elealeh,11 Sebam,12 Nebo13 and Beon14--
the land the LORD subdued15 before the people of Israel--are suitable for livestock,16 and your servants have livestock.
If we have found favor in your eyes," they said, "let this land be given to your servants as our possession. Do not make us cross the Jordan.17"
Moses said to the Gadites and Reubenites, "Shall your countrymen go to war while you sit here?
Why do you discourage the Israelites from going over into the land the LORD has given them?188
This is what your fathers did when I sent them from Kadesh Barnea to look over the land.199
After they went up to the Valley of Eshcol20 and viewed the land, they discouraged the Israelites from entering the land the LORD had given them.
The LORD's anger was aroused21 that day and he swore this oath:2211
'Because they have not followed me wholeheartedly, not one of the men twenty years old or more23 who came up out of Egypt24 will see the land I promised on oath25 to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob26--
not one except Caleb son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite and Joshua son of Nun, for they followed the LORD wholeheartedly.'2713
The LORD's anger burned against Israel28 and he made them wander in the desert forty years, until the whole generation of those who had done evil in his sight was gone.2914
"And here you are, a brood of sinners, standing in the place of your fathers and making the LORD even more angry with Israel.3015
If you turn away from following him, he will again leave all this people in the desert, and you will be the cause of their destruction.31"
Then they came up to him and said, "We would like to build pens32 here for our livestock33 and cities for our women and children.
But we are ready to arm ourselves and go ahead of the Israelites34 until we have brought them to their place.35 Meanwhile our women and children will live in fortified cities, for protection from the inhabitants of the land.
We will not return to our homes until every Israelite has received his inheritance.3619
We will not receive any inheritance with them on the other side of the Jordan, because our inheritance37 has come to us on the east side of the Jordan."3820
Then Moses said to them, "If you will do this--if you will arm yourselves before the LORD for battle,3921
and if all of you will go armed over the Jordan before the LORD until he has driven his enemies out before him40--
then when the land is subdued before the LORD, you may return41 and be free from your obligation to the LORD and to Israel. And this land will be your possession42 before the LORD.4323
"But if you fail to do this, you will be sinning against the LORD; and you may be sure that your sin will find you out.4424
Build cities for your women and children, and pens for your flocks,45 but do what you have promised.46"
The Gadites and Reubenites said to Moses, "We your servants will do as our lord commands.4726
Our children and wives, our flocks and herds will remain here in the cities of Gilead.4827
But your servants, every man armed for battle, will cross over to fight49 before the LORD, just as our lord says."
Then Moses gave orders about them50 to Eleazar the priest and Joshua son of Nun51 and to the family heads of the Israelite tribes.5229
He said to them, "If the Gadites and Reubenites, every man armed for battle, cross over the Jordan with you before the LORD, then when the land is subdued before you,53 give them the land of Gilead as their possession.5430
But if they do not cross over55 with you armed, they must accept their possession with you in Canaan.56"
The Gadites and Reubenites answered, "Your servants will do what the LORD has said.5732
We will cross over before the LORD into Canaan armed,58 but the property we inherit will be on this side of the Jordan.59"
Then Moses gave to the Gadites,60 the Reubenites and the half-tribe of Manasseh61 son of Joseph the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorites62 and the kingdom of Og king of Bashan63--the whole land with its cities and the territory around them.6434
The Gadites built up Dibon, Ataroth, Aroer,6535
Atroth Shophan, Jazer,66 Jogbehah,6736
Beth Nimrah68 and Beth Haran as fortified cities, and built pens for their flocks.6937
And the Reubenites rebuilt Heshbon,70 Elealeh71 and Kiriathaim,7238
as well as Nebo73 and Baal Meon (these names were changed) and Sibmah.74 They gave names to the cities they rebuilt.
The descendants of Makir75 son of Manasseh went to Gilead,76 captured it and drove out the Amorites77 who were there.
So Moses gave Gilead to the Makirites,78 the descendants of Manasseh, and they settled there.
Jair,79 a descendant of Manasseh, captured their settlements and called them Havvoth Jair.a8042
And Nobah captured Kenath81 and its surrounding settlements and called it Nobah82 after himself.83