1 Kings 5 TNIV

Preparations for Building the Temple

5:1-16pp -- 2Ch 2:1-18

1 When Hiram1 king of Tyre heard that Solomon had been anointed king to succeed his father David, he sent his envoys to Solomon, because he had always been on friendly terms with David.

References for 1 Kings 5:1

      2 Solomon sent back this message to Hiram:
      3 "You know that because of the wars2 waged against my father David from all sides, he could not build3 a temple for the Name of the LORD his God until the LORD put his enemies under his feet.4

      References for 1 Kings 5:3

      4 But now the LORD my God has given me rest5 on every side, and there is no adversary6 or disaster.

      References for 1 Kings 5:4

      5 I intend, therefore, to build a temple7 for the Name of the LORD my God, as the LORD told my father David, when he said, 'Your son whom I will put on the throne in your place will build the temple for my Name.'8

      References for 1 Kings 5:5

      6 "So give orders that cedars9 of Lebanon be cut for me. My men will work with yours, and I will pay you for your men whatever wages you set. You know that we have no one so skilled in felling timber as the Sidonians."

      References for 1 Kings 5:6

      7 When Hiram heard Solomon's message, he was greatly pleased and said, "Praise be to the LORD 10 today, for he has given David a wise son to rule over this great nation."

      References for 1 Kings 5:7

      8 So Hiram sent word to Solomon: "I have received the message you sent me and will do all you want in providing the cedar and juniper logs.
      9 My men will haul them down from Lebanon to the Mediterranean Sea11, and I will float them as rafts by sea to the place you specify. There I will separate them and you can take them away. And you are to grant my wish by providing food12 for my royal household."

      References for 1 Kings 5:9

      10 In this way Hiram kept Solomon supplied with all the cedar and juniper logs he wanted,
      11 and Solomon gave Hiram twenty thousand corsa of wheat as food13 for his household, in addition to twenty thousand bathsb c of pressed olive oil. Solomon continued to do this for Hiram year after year.

      References for 1 Kings 5:11

        • a 5:11 - That is, probably about 3,600 tons or about 3,250 metric tons
        • b 5:11 - Septuagint (see also 2 Chron. 2:10); Hebrew "twenty cors"
        • c 5:11 - That is, about 120,000 gallons or about 440,000 liters
          12 The LORD gave Solomon wisdom,14 just as he had promised him. There were peaceful relations between Hiram and Solomon, and the two of them made a treaty.15

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          13 King Solomon conscripted laborers16 from all Israel--thirty thousand men.

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          14 He sent them off to Lebanon in shifts of ten thousand a month, so that they spent one month in Lebanon and two months at home. Adoniram17 was in charge of the forced labor.

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          15 Solomon had seventy thousand carriers and eighty thousand stonecutters in the hills,
          16 as well as thirty-three hundredd overseers18 who supervised the project and directed the work.

          References for 1 Kings 5:16

            • d 5:16 - Hebrew; some Septuagint manuscripts (see also 2 Chron. 2:2, 18) "thirty-six hundred"
              17 At the king's command they removed from the quarry19 large blocks of high-grade stone20 to provide a foundation of dressed stone for the temple.

              References for 1 Kings 5:17

              18 The skilled workers of Solomon and Hiram21 and those from Byblos22 cut and prepared the timber and stone for the building of the temple.

              References for 1 Kings 5:18