Jeremiah 38 TNIV

Jeremiah Thrown Into a Cistern

1 Shephatiah son of Mattan, Gedaliah son of Pashhur1, Jehukala2 son of Shelemiah, and Pashhur son of Malkijah heard what Jeremiah was telling all the people when he said,

References for Jeremiah 38:1

    • a 38:1 - Hebrew "Jukal," a variant of "Jehukal"
      2 "This is what the LORD says: 'Whoever stays in this city will die by the sword, famine or plague,3 but whoever goes over to the Babyloniansb will live. They will escape with their lives; they will live.'4

      References for Jeremiah 38:2

        • b 38:2 - Or "Chaldeans"; also in verses 18, 19 and 23
          3 And this is what the LORD says: 'This city will certainly be given into the hands of the army of the king of Babylon, who will capture it.' "5

          References for Jeremiah 38:3

          4 Then the officials6 said to the king, "This man should be put to death.7 He is discouraging8 the soldiers who are left in this city, as well as all the people, by the things he is saying to them. This man is not seeking the good of these people but their ruin."

          References for Jeremiah 38:4

          5 "He is in your hands,"9 King Zedekiah answered. "The king can do nothing10 to oppose you."

          References for Jeremiah 38:5

          6 So they took Jeremiah and put him into the cistern of Malkijah, the king's son, which was in the courtyard of the guard.11 They lowered Jeremiah by ropes12 into the cistern; it had no water in it,13 only mud, and Jeremiah sank down into the mud.14

          References for Jeremiah 38:6

          7 But Ebed-Melek,15 a Cushite,c an officiald16 in the royal palace, heard that they had put Jeremiah into the cistern. While the king was sitting in the Benjamin Gate,17

          References for Jeremiah 38:7

            • c 38:7 - Probably from the upper Nile region
            • d 38:7 - Or "a eunuch"
              8 Ebed-Melek went out of the palace and said to him,
              9 "My lord the king, these men have acted wickedly in all they have done to Jeremiah the prophet. They have thrown him into a cistern,18 where he will starve to death when there is no longer any bread19 in the city."

              References for Jeremiah 38:9

              10 Then the king commanded Ebed-Melek the Cushite, "Take thirty men from here with you and lift Jeremiah the prophet out of the cistern before he dies."
              11 So Ebed-Melek took the men with him and went to a room under the treasury in the palace. He took some old rags and worn-out clothes from there and let them down with ropes20 to Jeremiah in the cistern.

              References for Jeremiah 38:11

              12 Ebed-Melek the Cushite said to Jeremiah, "Put these old rags and worn-out clothes under your arms to pad the ropes." Jeremiah did so,
              13 and they pulled him up with the ropes and lifted him out of the cistern. And Jeremiah remained in the courtyard of the guard.21

              References for Jeremiah 38:13

              Zedekiah Questions Jeremiah Again

              14 Then King Zedekiah sent22 for Jeremiah the prophet and had him brought to the third entrance to the temple of the LORD. "I am going to ask you something," the king said to Jeremiah. "Do not hide23 anything from me."

              References for Jeremiah 38:14

              15 Jeremiah said to Zedekiah, "If I give you an answer, will you not kill me? Even if I did give you counsel, you would not listen to me."
              16 But King Zedekiah swore this oath secretly24 to Jeremiah: "As surely as the LORD lives, who has given us breath,25 I will neither kill you nor hand you over to those who are seeking your life."26

              References for Jeremiah 38:16

              17 Then Jeremiah said to Zedekiah, "This is what the LORD God Almighty, the God of Israel, says: 'If you surrender27 to the officers of the king of Babylon, your life will be spared and this city will not be burned down; you and your family will live.28

              References for Jeremiah 38:17

              18 But if you will not surrender to the officers of the king of Babylon, this city will be given into the hands29 of the Babylonians and they will burn30 it down; you yourself will not escape31 from them.' "

              References for Jeremiah 38:18

              19 King Zedekiah said to Jeremiah, "I am afraid32 of the Jews who have gone over33 to the Babylonians, for the Babylonians may hand me over to them and they will mistreat me."

              References for Jeremiah 38:19

              20 "They will not hand you over," Jeremiah replied. "Obey34 the LORD by doing what I tell you. Then it will go well35 with you, and your life36 will be spared.

              References for Jeremiah 38:20

              21 But if you refuse to surrender, this is what the LORD has revealed to me:
              22 All the women37 left in the palace of the king of Judah will be brought out to the officials of the king of Babylon. Those women will say to you: " 'They misled you and overcame you-- those trusted friends38 of yours. Your feet are sunk in the mud;39 your friends have deserted you.'

              References for Jeremiah 38:22

              23 "All your wives and children40 will be brought out to the Babylonians. You yourself will not escape41 from their hands but will be captured42 by the king of Babylon; and this city wille be burned down."43

              References for Jeremiah 38:23

                • e 38:23 - Or "and you will cause this city to"
                  24 Then Zedekiah said to Jeremiah, "Do not let anyone know44 about this conversation, or you may die.

                  References for Jeremiah 38:24

                  25 If the officials hear that I talked with you, and they come to you and say, 'Tell us what you said to the king and what the king said to you; do not hide it from us or we will kill you,'
                  26 then tell45 them, 'I was pleading with the king not to send me back to Jonathan's house46 to die there.' "

                  References for Jeremiah 38:26

                  27 All the officials did come to Jeremiah and question him, and he told them everything the king had ordered him to say. So they said no more to him, for no one had heard his conversation with the king.

                  The Fall of Jerusalem

                  39:1-10pp -- 2Ki 25:1-12; Jer 52:4-16

                  28 And Jeremiah remained in the courtyard of the guard47 until the day Jerusalem was captured. This is how Jerusalem48 was taken:

                  References for Jeremiah 38:28