Then Pilate took Jesus and had him flogged.1
The soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on his head. They clothed him in a purple robe
and went up to him again and again, saying, "Hail, king of the Jews!"2 And they slapped him in the face.3
Once more Pilate came out and said to the Jews, "Look, I am bringing him out4 to you to let you know that I find no basis for a charge against him."5
When Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe,6 Pilate said to them, "Here is the man!"
As soon as the chief priests and their officials saw him, they shouted, "Crucify! Crucify!" But Pilate answered, "You take him and crucify him.7 As for me, I find no basis for a charge against him."8
The Jews insisted, "We have a law, and according to that law he must die,9 because he claimed to be the Son of God."10
When Pilate heard this, he was even more afraid,
and he went back inside the palace.11 "Where do you come from?" he asked Jesus, but Jesus gave him no answer.12
"Do you refuse to speak to me?" Pilate said. "Don't you realize I have power either to free you or to crucify you?"
Jesus answered, "You would have no power over me if it were not given to you from above.13 Therefore the one who handed me over to you14 is guilty of a greater sin."
References for John 19:11
From then on, Pilate tried to set Jesus free, but the Jews kept shouting, "If you let this man go, you are no friend of Caesar. Anyone who claims to be a king15 opposes Caesar."
References for John 19:12
When Pilate heard this, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judge's seat16 at a place known as the Stone Pavement (which in Aramaic17 is Gabbatha).
References for John 19:13
It was the day of Preparation18 of the Passover; it was about noon.19 "Here is your king,"20 Pilate said to the Jews.
References for John 19:14
But they shouted, "Take him away! Take him away! Crucify him!" "Shall I crucify your king?" Pilate asked. "We have no king but Caesar," the chief priests answered.
Finally Pilate handed him over to them to be crucified.21 So the soldiers took charge of Jesus.
References for John 19:16
Carrying his own cross,22 he went out to the place of the Skull23 (which in Aramaic24 is called Golgotha).
References for John 19:17
Here they crucified him, and with him two others25--one on each side and Jesus in the middle.
References for John 19:18
Pilate had a notice prepared and fastened to the cross. It read: jesus of nazareth,26 the king of the jews.27
References for John 19:19
Many of the Jews read this sign, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city,28 and the sign was written in Aramaic, Latin and Greek.
References for John 19:20
The chief priests of the Jews protested to Pilate, "Do not write 'The King of the Jews,' but that this man claimed to be king of the Jews."29
References for John 19:21
Pilate answered, "What I have written, I have written."
When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes, dividing them into four shares, one for each of them, with the undergarment remaining. This garment was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom.
"Let's not tear it," they said to one another. "Let's decide by lot who will get it." This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled30 that said, "They divided my clothes among them and cast lots for my garment."31 So this is what the soldiers did.
References for John 19:24
Near the cross32 of Jesus stood his mother,33 his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.34
References for John 19:25
When Jesus saw his mother35 there, and the disciple whom he loved36 standing nearby, he said to her, "Woman, here is your son,"
References for John 19:26
and to the disciple, "Here is your mother." From that time on, this disciple took her into his home.