1 Chronicles 15

The Ark Brought to Jerusalem

1 After David had constructed buildings for himself in the City of David, he prepared a place for the ark of God and pitched a tent for it.
2 Then David said, “No one but the Levites may carry the ark of God, because the LORD chose them to carry the ark of the LORD and to minister before him forever.”
3 David assembled all Israel in Jerusalem to bring up the ark of the LORD to the place he had prepared for it.
4 He called together the descendants of Aaron and the Levites:
5 From the descendants of Kohath, Uriel the leader and 120 relatives;
6 from the descendants of Merari, Asaiah the leader and 220 relatives;
7 from the descendants of Gershon,[a]Joel the leader and 130 relatives;
8 from the descendants of Elizaphan, Shemaiah the leader and 200 relatives;
9 from the descendants of Hebron, Eliel the leader and 80 relatives;
10 from the descendants of Uzziel, Amminadab the leader and 112 relatives.
11 Then David summoned Zadok and Abiathar the priests, and Uriel, Asaiah, Joel, Shemaiah, Eliel and Amminadab the Levites.
12 He said to them, “You are the heads of the Levitical families; you and your fellow Levites are to consecrate yourselves and bring up the ark of the LORD, the God of Israel, to the place I have prepared for it.
13 It was because you, the Levites, did not bring it up the first time that the LORD our God broke out in anger against us. We did not inquire of him about how to do it in the prescribed way.”
14 So the priests and Levites consecrated themselves in order to bring up the ark of the LORD, the God of Israel.
15 And the Levites carried the ark of God with the poles on their shoulders, as Moses had commanded in accordance with the word of the LORD.
16 David told the leaders of the Levites to appoint their fellow Levites as musicians to make a joyful sound with musical instruments: lyres, harps and cymbals.
17 So the Levites appointed Heman son of Joel; from his relatives, Asaph son of Berekiah; and from their relatives the Merarites, Ethan son of Kushaiah;
18 and with them their relatives next in rank: Zechariah,[b] Jaaziel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Unni, Eliab, Benaiah, Maaseiah, Mattithiah, Eliphelehu, Mikneiah, Obed-Edom and Jeiel,[c] the gatekeepers.
19 The musicians Heman, Asaph and Ethan were to sound the bronze cymbals;
20 Zechariah, Jaaziel,[d] Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Unni, Eliab, Maaseiah and Benaiah were to play the lyres according to alamoth,[e]
21 and Mattithiah, Eliphelehu, Mikneiah, Obed-Edom, Jeiel and Azaziah were to play the harps, directing according to sheminith.[f]
22 Kenaniah the head Levite was in charge of the singing; that was his responsibility because he was skillful at it.
23 Berekiah and Elkanah were to be doorkeepers for the ark.
24 Shebaniah, Joshaphat, Nethanel, Amasai, Zechariah, Benaiah and Eliezer the priests were to blow trumpets before the ark of God. Obed-Edom and Jehiah were also to be doorkeepers for the ark.
25 So David and the elders of Israel and the commanders of units of a thousand went to bring up the ark of the covenant of the LORD from the house of Obed-Edom, with rejoicing.
26 Because God had helped the Levites who were carrying the ark of the covenant of the LORD, seven bulls and seven rams were sacrificed.
27 Now David was clothed in a robe of fine linen, as were all the Levites who were carrying the ark, and as were the musicians, and Kenaniah, who was in charge of the singing of the choirs. David also wore a linen ephod.
28 So all Israel brought up the ark of the covenant of the LORD with shouts, with the sounding of rams’ horns and trumpets, and of cymbals, and the playing of lyres and harps.
29 As the ark of the covenant of the LORD was entering the City of David, Michal daughter of Saul watched from a window. And when she saw King David dancing and celebrating, she despised him in her heart.

1 Chronicles 15 Commentary

Chapter 15

Preparations for the removal of the ark. (1-24) The removal of the ark. (25-29)

Verses 1-24 Wise and good men may be guilty of oversights, which they will correct, as soon as they are aware of them. David does not try to justify what had been done amiss, nor to lay the blame on others; but he owns himself guilty, with others, of not seeking God in due order

Verses 25-29 It is good to notice the assistance of Divine Providence, even in things which fall within the compass of our natural powers; if God did not help us, we could not stir a step. If we do our religious duties in any degree aright, we must own it was God that helped us; had we been left to ourselves, we should have been guilty of some fatal errors. And every thing in which we engage, must be done in dependence on the mercy of God through the sacrifice of the Redeemer.

Cross References 34

  • 1. Psalms 132:1-18
  • 2. S 2 Samuel 6:17; 1 Chronicles 16:1; 1 Chronicles 17:1
  • 3. S Numbers 3:6; Numbers 4:15; Deuteronomy 10:8; Deuteronomy 31:25; 2 Chronicles 5:5
  • 4. S Deuteronomy 31:9
  • 5. 1 Chronicles 16:4; 1 Chronicles 23:13; 2 Chronicles 29:11; 2 Chronicles 31:2; Psalms 134:1; Psalms 135:2
  • 6. 1 Kings 8:1; S 1 Chronicles 13:5
  • 7. S Numbers 3:17-20
  • 8. 1 Chronicles 6:24
  • 9. S Exodus 6:22
  • 10. Exodus 6:18
  • 11. S 1 Chronicles 12:28
  • 12. S 1 Samuel 22:20
  • 13. Exodus 19:14-15; S Exodus 29:1; Exodus 30:19-21,30; Exodus 40:31-32; S Leviticus 11:44; 2 Chronicles 35:6
  • 14. 1 Kings 8:4
  • 15. 2 Samuel 6:3; S 1 Chronicles 13:7-10
  • 16. S Leviticus 5:10
  • 17. S Exodus 25:14; Numbers 4:5,15
  • 18. 2 Samuel 6:7
  • 19. 1 Chronicles 6:31
  • 20. 2 Chronicles 7:6
  • 21. Ezra 2:41; Nehemiah 11:23; Psalms 68:25
  • 22. S 1 Chronicles 13:8; 1 Chronicles 23:5; 1 Chronicles 25:1; 2 Chronicles 29:26; Nehemiah 12:27,36; Job 21:12; Psalms 150:5; Amos 6:5
  • 23. S 1 Chronicles 6:33
  • 24. 1 Chronicles 6:39
  • 25. 1 Chronicles 6:44
  • 26. S 2 Samuel 6:10; 1 Chronicles 26:4-5
  • 27. 1 Chronicles 16:41; 1 Chronicles 25:6
  • 28. ver 28; 1 Chronicles 16:6; 2 Chronicles 5:12; 2 Chronicles 7:6; 2 Chronicles 29:26
  • 29. 1 Chronicles 13:13; 2 Chronicles 1:4; 2 Chronicles 5:2; Jeremiah 3:16
  • 30. Nu 23:1-4,29
  • 31. S 1 Samuel 2:18
  • 32. S 1 Chronicles 9:1
  • 33. S 1 Kings 1:39; Zechariah 4:7
  • 34. S Exodus 19:13; 1 Chronicles 13:8

Footnotes 6

  • [a]. Hebrew "Gershom," a variant of "Gershon"
  • [b]. Three Hebrew manuscripts and most Septuagint manuscripts (see also verse 20 and 16:5); most Hebrew manuscripts "Zechariah son and" or "Zechariah, Ben and"
  • [c]. Hebrew; Septuagint (see also verse 21) "Jeiel and Azaziah"
  • [d]. See verse 18; Hebrew "Aziel" , a variant of "Jaaziel" .
  • [e]. Probably a musical term
  • [f]. Probably a musical term

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO 1 CHRONICLES 15

David, having prepared a place for the ark of God, gathered the Israelites, Levites, and priests, to assist in the bringing of it up thereunto, 1Ch 15:1,13 and which was done in a very honourable and joyful manner, 1Ch 15:24-28, though David, for his behaviour, was despised by Michal his wife in her heart, 1Ch 15:29.

1 Chronicles 15 Commentaries