1 Chronicles 26:13

13 Lots were cast for each gate, according to their families, young and old alike.

Read 1 Chronicles 26:13 Using Other Translations

And they cast lots, as well the small as the great, according to the house of their fathers, for every gate.
And they cast lots by fathers' houses, small and great alike, for their gates.
They were assigned by families for guard duty at the various gates, without regard to age or training, for it was all decided by means of sacred lots.

What does 1 Chronicles 26:13 mean?

John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
1 Chronicles 26:13

And they cast lots
To determine at which gate each should stand, who at this gate, and who at the other

as well the small as the great, according to the house of their
fathers, for every gate;
meaning, not little ones and grown persons in a family, but the smaller and poorer families, and the larger and richer ones, had their places assigned them at the several gates, as the lot directed; they did not go according to the dignity and precedence of their families, but according to lot.

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