1 Kings 12:30

30 And this thing became a sin; the people came to worship the one at Bethel and went as far as Dan to worship the other.[a]

1 Kings 12:30 in Other Translations

30 And this thing became a sin: for the people went to worship before the one, even unto Dan.
30 Then this thing became a sin, for the people went as far as Dan to be before one.
30 But this became a great sin, for the people worshiped the idols, traveling as far north as Dan to worship the one there.
30 This was blatant sin. Think of it - people traveling all the way to Dan to worship a calf!
30 This led to sin; the people walked [in procession] before one of the calves all the way to Dan.

1 Kings 12:30 Meaning and Commentary

1 Kings 12:30

And this thing became a sin
The cause and occasion of the sin of idolatry; it led them by degrees to leave off the worship of God, and to worship these calves as gods:

for the people went to worship before the one, even unto Dan;
which was the furthest off, such was their great zeal for idolatrous worship; or they went thither before that at Bethel was set up; and even they at Bethel would go as far as Dan to worship, such was their veneration for both the calves. Abarbinel is of opinion that these calves were not made by Jeroboam for idolatrous uses, only the altar later mentioned; and that he never worshipped before them, nor sacrificed to them, nor even built the altar before them; but that these were set up as signs, and in memory of his kingdom, like the pillars in Solomon's temple; that he chose the calf or ox as emblems of his family, the family of Joseph, ( Deuteronomy 33:17 ) two to represent Ephraim and Manasseh; golden ones, to denote the majesty and perpetuity of his kingdom; and he set these, the one at Bethel, at the entrance of it, and the other at Dan, at the further borders of it; and that he did not call those gods, but the only true God, as he that brought Israel out of Egypt; only signified by that expression, that he was everywhere, there as well as at Jerusalem; but that the Israelites, who were taken with sensible objects, on visiting these out of curiosity, it became a snare to them, and they fell into the worship of them; just as Gideon's ephod, and Moses' brasen serpent, were unto them.

1 Kings 12:30 In-Context

28 After seeking advice, the king made two golden calves. He said to the people, “It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem. Here are your gods, Israel, who brought you up out of Egypt.”
29 One he set up in Bethel, and the other in Dan.
30 And this thing became a sin; the people came to worship the one at Bethel and went as far as Dan to worship the other.
31 Jeroboam built shrines on high places and appointed priests from all sorts of people, even though they were not Levites.
32 He instituted a festival on the fifteenth day of the eighth month, like the festival held in Judah, and offered sacrifices on the altar. This he did in Bethel, sacrificing to the calves he had made. And at Bethel he also installed priests at the high places he had made.

Cross References 1

  • 1. 1 Kings 13:34; 1 Kings 14:16; 1 Kings 15:26,30; 1 Kings 16:2; 2 Kings 3:3; 2 Kings 10:29; 2 Kings 13:2; 2 Kings 17:21

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Probable reading of the original Hebrew text; Masoretic Text "people went to the one as far as Dan"
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