1 Kings 2:1-12

David’s Charge to Solomon

1 When the time drew near for David to die, he gave a charge to Solomon his son.
2 “I am about to go the way of all the earth,” he said. “So be strong, act like a man,
3 and observe what the LORD your God requires: Walk in obedience to him, and keep his decrees and commands, his laws and regulations, as written in the Law of Moses. Do this so that you may prosper in all you do and wherever you go
4 and that the LORD may keep his promise to me: ‘If your descendants watch how they live, and if they walk faithfully before me with all their heart and soul, you will never fail to have a successor on the throne of Israel.’
5 “Now you yourself know what Joab son of Zeruiah did to me—what he did to the two commanders of Israel’s armies, Abner son of Ner and Amasa son of Jether. He killed them, shedding their blood in peacetime as if in battle, and with that blood he stained the belt around his waist and the sandals on his feet.
6 Deal with him according to your wisdom, but do not let his gray head go down to the grave in peace.
7 “But show kindness to the sons of Barzillai of Gilead and let them be among those who eat at your table. They stood by me when I fled from your brother Absalom.
8 “And remember, you have with you Shimei son of Gera, the Benjamite from Bahurim, who called down bitter curses on me the day I went to Mahanaim. When he came down to meet me at the Jordan, I swore to him by the LORD: ‘I will not put you to death by the sword.’
9 But now, do not consider him innocent. You are a man of wisdom; you will know what to do to him. Bring his gray head down to the grave in blood.”
10 Then David rested with his ancestors and was buried in the City of David.
11 He had reigned forty years over Israel—seven years in Hebron and thirty-three in Jerusalem.
12 So Solomon sat on the throne of his father David, and his rule was firmly established.

1 Kings 2:1-12 Meaning and Commentary


This chapter gives an account of the charge David gave to his son Solomon, a little before his death, to walk in the ways of the Lord, 1Ki 2:1-4; and of some instructions delivered to him concerning some particular persons he should either show favour to, or execute justice on, 1Ki 2:5-9; and the next account in it is concerning his death and burial, and the years of his reign, 1Ki 2:10,11; after which it relates an address of Bathsheba to Solomon in favour of Adonijah, which was refused, and the issue of it was his death, 1Ki 2:12-25; and the deposition of Abiathar from the priesthood, 1Ki 2:26,27; and the putting of Joab to death for his treason and murders, 1Ki 2:28-34; in whose post Benaiah was put, as Zadok was in the place of Abiathar, 1Ki 2:35; and lastly the confinement of Shimei in Jerusalem, who had cursed David, 1Ki 2:36-38; who upon transgressing the orders given him was put to death, 1Ki 2:39-46.

Cross References 23

  • 1. S Genesis 27:2; S Numbers 27:13; Genesis 47:29; Deuteronomy 31:14
  • 2. Joshua 23:14
  • 3. Deuteronomy 31:7,23; S Joshua 1:6
  • 4. S Deuteronomy 4:6; S Deuteronomy 10:12; S Deuteronomy 17:14-20; S Joshua 1:7
  • 5. 1 Chronicles 22:13
  • 6. S 2 Samuel 7:13,25; 1 Kings 8:25; 2 Chronicles 23:3
  • 7. 2 Kings 18:3-6; 2 Kings 20:3; Psalms 26:1-3; Psalms 132:12
  • 8. S 2 Samuel 2:18; 2 Samuel 18:5,12,14
  • 9. S 1 Samuel 14:50; S 2 Samuel 3:27
  • 10. S 2 Samuel 17:25; 2 Samuel 20:10
  • 11. ver 9
  • 12. S Genesis 40:14
  • 13. S 2 Samuel 17:27; 2 Samuel 19:31-39
  • 14. S 2 Samuel 9:7
  • 15. ver 36-46; 2 Samuel 16:5-13
  • 16. S Genesis 32:2
  • 17. 2 Samuel 19:18-23
  • 18. ver 6
  • 19. Acts 2:29; Acts 13:36
  • 20. S 2 Samuel 5:7
  • 21. S 2 Samuel 5:4,5
  • 22. 1 Chronicles 17:14; 1 Chronicles 29:23; 2 Chronicles 9:8
  • 23. ver 46; 2 Chronicles 1:1; 2 Chronicles 12:13; 2 Chronicles 17:1; 2 Chronicles 21:4
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