2 Chronicles 28

Ahaz King of Judah

1 Ahaz was twenty years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem sixteen years. Unlike David his father, he did not do what was right in the eyes of the LORD.
2 He followed the ways of the kings of Israel and also made idols for worshiping the Baals.
3 He burned sacrifices in the Valley of Ben Hinnom and sacrificed his children in the fire, engaging in the detestable practices of the nations the LORD had driven out before the Israelites.
4 He offered sacrifices and burned incense at the high places, on the hilltops and under every spreading tree.
5 Therefore the LORD his God delivered him into the hands of the king of Aram. The Arameans defeated him and took many of his people as prisoners and brought them to Damascus. He was also given into the hands of the king of Israel, who inflicted heavy casualties on him.
6 In one day Pekah son of Remaliah killed a hundred and twenty thousand soldiers in Judah—because Judah had forsaken the LORD, the God of their ancestors.
7 Zikri, an Ephraimite warrior, killed Maaseiah the king’s son, Azrikam the officer in charge of the palace, and Elkanah, second to the king.
8 The men of Israel took captive from their fellow Israelites who were from Judah two hundred thousand wives, sons and daughters. They also took a great deal of plunder, which they carried back to Samaria.
9 But a prophet of the LORD named Oded was there, and he went out to meet the army when it returned to Samaria. He said to them, “Because the LORD, the God of your ancestors, was angry with Judah, he gave them into your hand. But you have slaughtered them in a rage that reaches to heaven.
10 And now you intend to make the men and women of Judah and Jerusalem your slaves. But aren’t you also guilty of sins against the LORD your God?
11 Now listen to me! Send back your fellow Israelites you have taken as prisoners, for the LORD’s fierce anger rests on you.”
12 Then some of the leaders in Ephraim—Azariah son of Jehohanan, Berekiah son of Meshillemoth, Jehizkiah son of Shallum, and Amasa son of Hadlai—confronted those who were arriving from the war.
13 “You must not bring those prisoners here,” they said, “or we will be guilty before the LORD. Do you intend to add to our sin and guilt? For our guilt is already great, and his fierce anger rests on Israel.”
14 So the soldiers gave up the prisoners and plunder in the presence of the officials and all the assembly.
15 The men designated by name took the prisoners, and from the plunder they clothed all who were naked. They provided them with clothes and sandals, food and drink, and healing balm. All those who were weak they put on donkeys. So they took them back to their fellow Israelites at Jericho, the City of Palms, and returned to Samaria.
16 At that time King Ahaz sent to the kings[a] of Assyria for help.
17 The Edomites had again come and attacked Judah and carried away prisoners,
18 while the Philistines had raided towns in the foothills and in the Negev of Judah. They captured and occupied Beth Shemesh, Aijalon and Gederoth, as well as Soko, Timnah and Gimzo, with their surrounding villages.
19 The LORD had humbled Judah because of Ahaz king of Israel,[b] for he had promoted wickedness in Judah and had been most unfaithful to the LORD.
20 Tiglath-Pileser[c] king of Assyria came to him, but he gave him trouble instead of help.
21 Ahaz took some of the things from the temple of the LORD and from the royal palace and from the officials and presented them to the king of Assyria, but that did not help him.
22 In his time of trouble King Ahaz became even more unfaithful to the LORD.
23 He offered sacrifices to the gods of Damascus, who had defeated him; for he thought, “Since the gods of the kings of Aram have helped them, I will sacrifice to them so they will help me.” But they were his downfall and the downfall of all Israel.
24 Ahaz gathered together the furnishings from the temple of God and cut them in pieces. He shut the doors of the LORD’s temple and set up altars at every street corner in Jerusalem.
25 In every town in Judah he built high places to burn sacrifices to other gods and aroused the anger of the LORD, the God of his ancestors.
26 The other events of his reign and all his ways, from beginning to end, are written in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel.
27 Ahaz rested with his ancestors and was buried in the city of Jerusalem, but he was not placed in the tombs of the kings of Israel. And Hezekiah his son succeeded him as king.

2 Chronicles 28 Commentary

Chapter 28

The wicked reign of Ahaz in Judah.

- Israel gained this victory because God was wroth with Judah, and made them the rod of his indignation. He reminds them of their own sins. It ill becomes sinners to be cruel. Could they hope for the mercy of God, if they neither showed mercy nor justice to their brethren? Let it be remembered, that every man is our neighbour, our brother, our fellow man, if not our fellow Christian. And no man who is acquainted with the word of God, need fear to maintain that slavery is against the law of love and the gospel of grace. Who can hold his brother in bondage, without breaking the rule of doing to others as he would they should do unto him? But when sinners are left to their own heart's lusts, they grow more desperate in wickedness. God commands them to release the prisoners, and they obeyed. The Lord brought Judah low. Those who will not humble themselves under the word of God, will justly be humbled by his judgments. It is often found, that wicked men themselves have no real affection for those that revolt to them, nor do they care to do them a kindness. This is that king Ahaz! that wretched man! Those are wicked and vile indeed, that are made worse by their afflictions, instead of being made better by them; who, in their distress, trespass yet more, and have their hearts more fully set in them to do evil. But no marvel that men's affections and devotions are misplaced, when they mistake the author of their trouble and of their help. The progress of wickedness and misery is often rapid; and it is awful to reflect upon a sinner's being driven away in his wickedness into the eternal world.

Cross References 42

  • 1. S 1 Chronicles 3:13; Isaiah 1:1
  • 2. Exodus 34:17; 2 Chronicles 22:3
  • 3. S Joshua 15:8; 2 Kings 23:10
  • 4. S Leviticus 18:21; S 2 Kings 3:27; 2 Chronicles 33:6; Ezekiel 20:26
  • 5. S Deuteronomy 18:9; 2 Chronicles 33:2
  • 6. Isaiah 7:1
  • 7. S 2 Kings 15:25,27
  • 8. ver 8; Isaiah 9:21; Isaiah 11:13
  • 9. Deuteronomy 28:25-41; 2 Chronicles 11:4
  • 10. 2 Chronicles 29:9
  • 11. 2 Chronicles 25:15; Isaiah 10:6; Isaiah 47:6; Zechariah 1:15
  • 12. Ezra 9:6; Revelation 18:5
  • 13. Leviticus 25:39-46
  • 14. 2 Chronicles 11:4; James 2:13
  • 15. 2 Kings 6:22; Proverbs 25:21-22
  • 16. S Deuteronomy 34:3; S Judges 1:16
  • 17. Luke 10:25-37
  • 18. S 2 Kings 16:7; Ezekiel 23:12
  • 19. Psalms 137:7; Isaiah 34:5; Isaiah 63:1; Jeremiah 25:21; Ezekiel 16:57; Ezekiel 25:12; Amos 1:11
  • 20. 2 Chronicles 29:9
  • 21. Isaiah 9:12; Isaiah 11:14; Jeremiah 25:20; Ezekiel 16:27,57; Ezekiel 25:15
  • 22. S Joshua 10:12
  • 23. Joshua 15:41
  • 24. S 1 Samuel 17:1
  • 25. S Genesis 38:12
  • 26. S 1 Chronicles 5:25; 2 Chronicles 21:2
  • 27. S 2 Kings 15:29; S 1 Chronicles 5:6
  • 28. Isaiah 7:17; Isaiah 8:7; Isaiah 10:5-6; Isaiah 36:1
  • 29. Isaiah 10:20
  • 30. S 2 Kings 16:7
  • 31. S 2 Chronicles 16:2-9
  • 32. Jeremiah 2:36
  • 33. Jeremiah 5:3; Jeremiah 15:7; Jeremiah 17:23
  • 34. S 2 Chronicles 25:14
  • 35. Isaiah 10:20; Jeremiah 44:17-18
  • 36. 1 Chronicles 11:1; Jeremiah 18:15
  • 37. 2 Chronicles 29:19
  • 38. S 2 Kings 16:18
  • 39. Malachi 1:10; 2 Chronicles 29:7
  • 40. 2 Chronicles 30:14
  • 41. Isaiah 14:28-32
  • 42. S 2 Chronicles 21:20; 2 Chronicles 24:25

Footnotes 3

  • [a]. Most Hebrew manuscripts; one Hebrew manuscript, Septuagint and Vulgate (see also 2 Kings 16:7) "king"
  • [b]. That is, Judah, as frequently in 2 Chronicles
  • [c]. Hebrew "Tilgath-Pilneser," a variant of "Tiglath-Pileser"

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO 2 CHRONICLES 28

This chapter contains the reign of Ahaz, and gives an account of the idolatry he was guilty of, 2Ch 28:1-4, what calamities came upon him and his people, being delivered up into the hands of the kings of Syria and Israel, who slew many, and carried others captives, 2Ch 28:5-8, though they that were taken captive by Israel, at the admonition of a prophet, were sent back again, 2Ch 28:9-15, how also he was distressed by the Edomites and Philistines, and not helped by the king of Assyria, he sent for and made presents to, 2Ch 28:16-21 and yet went into more and greater idolatries, 2Ch 28:22-25, and the chapter is concluded with his death and burial, 2Ch 28:26,27.

These verses are much the same with 2Ki 16:2-4, only in 2Ch 28:2 it is said,

\\he made also molten images for Baalim\\; the several Baals or idols of the nations round about, as well as served Jeroboam's calves; see Jud 2:11, and he is said in 2Ch 28:3,

\\to burn incense in the valley of the son of Hinnom\\; to Molech, the god of the Ammonites, who was worshipped there. \\See Gill on "2Ki 16:2"\\ \\See Gill on "2Ki 16:3"\\ \\See Gill on "2Ki 16:4"\\ 19724-950128-0841-2Ch28.2

2 Chronicles 28 Commentaries