2 Chronicles 4

The Temple’s Furnishings

1 He made a bronze altar twenty cubits long, twenty cubits wide and ten cubits high.[a]
2 He made the Sea of cast metal, circular in shape, measuring ten cubits from rim to rim and five cubits[b] high. It took a line of thirty cubits[c] to measure around it.
3 Below the rim, figures of bulls encircled it—ten to a cubit.[d] The bulls were cast in two rows in one piece with the Sea.
4 The Sea stood on twelve bulls, three facing north, three facing west, three facing south and three facing east. The Sea rested on top of them, and their hindquarters were toward the center.
5 It was a handbreadth[e] in thickness, and its rim was like the rim of a cup, like a lily blossom. It held three thousand baths.[f]
6 He then made ten basins for washing and placed five on the south side and five on the north. In them the things to be used for the burnt offerings were rinsed, but the Sea was to be used by the priests for washing.
7 He made ten gold lampstands according to the specifications for them and placed them in the temple, five on the south side and five on the north.
8 He made ten tables and placed them in the temple, five on the south side and five on the north. He also made a hundred gold sprinkling bowls.
9 He made the courtyard of the priests, and the large court and the doors for the court, and overlaid the doors with bronze.
10 He placed the Sea on the south side, at the southeast corner.
11 And Huram also made the pots and shovels and sprinkling bowls. So Huram finished the work he had undertaken for King Solomon in the temple of God:
12 the two pillars; the two bowl-shaped capitals on top of the pillars; the two sets of network decorating the two bowl-shaped capitals on top of the pillars;
13 the four hundred pomegranates for the two sets of network (two rows of pomegranates for each network, decorating the bowl-shaped capitals on top of the pillars);
14 the stands with their basins;
15 the Sea and the twelve bulls under it;
16 the pots, shovels, meat forks and all related articles. All the objects that Huram-Abi made for King Solomon for the temple of the LORD were of polished bronze.
17 The king had them cast in clay molds in the plain of the Jordan between Sukkoth and Zarethan.[g]
18 All these things that Solomon made amounted to so much that the weight of the bronze could not be calculated.
19 Solomon also made all the furnishings that were in God’s temple: the golden altar; the tables on which was the bread of the Presence;
20 the lampstands of pure gold with their lamps, to burn in front of the inner sanctuary as prescribed;
21 the gold floral work and lamps and tongs (they were solid gold);
22 the pure gold wick trimmers, sprinkling bowls, dishes and censers; and the gold doors of the temple: the inner doors to the Most Holy Place and the doors of the main hall.

2 Chronicles 4 Commentary

Chapter 4

The furniture of the temple.

- Here is a further account of the furniture of God's house. Both without doors and within, there was that which typified the grace of the gospel, and shadowed out good things to come, of which the substance is Christ. There was the brazen altar. The making of this was not mentioned in the book of Kings. On this all the sacrifices were offered, and it sanctified the gift. The people who worshipped in the courts might see the sacrifices burned. They might thus be led to consider the great Sacrifice, to be offered in the fulness of time, to take away sin, and put an end to death, which the blood of bulls and goats could not possibly do. And, with the smoke of the sacrifices, their hearts might ascend to heaven, in holy desires towards God and his favour. In all our devotions we must keep the eye of faith fixed upon Christ. The furniture of the temple, compared with that of the tabernacle, showed that God's church would be enlarged, and his worshippers multiplied. Blessed be God, there is enough in Christ for all.

Cross References 19

  • 1. S Exodus 20:24; Exodus 27:1-2; S Exodus 40:6; S 1 Kings 8:64; 2 Kings 16:14
  • 2. Revelation 4:6; Revelation 15:2
  • 3. Numbers 2:3-25; Ezekiel 48:30-34; Revelation 21:13
  • 4. S Exodus 30:18
  • 5. Nehemiah 13:5,9; Ezekiel 40:38
  • 6. S Exodus 25:31
  • 7. Exodus 25:40
  • 8. S Exodus 25:23
  • 9. S Numbers 4:14
  • 10. 1 Kings 6:36; 2 Kings 21:5; 2 Chronicles 33:5
  • 11. 1 Kings 7:14
  • 12. 1 Kings 7:27-30
  • 13. S 1 Kings 7:13
  • 14. S Genesis 33:17
  • 15. S 1 Kings 7:23
  • 16. S Exodus 25:23,30
  • 17. Exodus 25:31
  • 18. S Numbers 7:14
  • 19. S Leviticus 10:1

Footnotes 7

  • [a]. That is, about 30 feet long and wide and 15 feet high or about 9 meters long and wide and 4.5 meters high
  • [b]. That is, about 7 1/2 feet or about 2.3 meters
  • [c]. That is, about 45 feet or about 14 meters
  • [d]. That is, about 18 inches or about 45 centimeters
  • [e]. That is, about 3 inches or about 7.5 centimeters
  • [f]. That is, about 18,000 gallons or about 66,000 liters
  • [g]. Hebrew "Zeredatha," a variant of "Zarethan"

2 Chronicles 4 Commentaries

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