As the Apostle Paul particularly was, who was thrice beaten with rods, and five times scourged by the Jews with the scourge of forty stripes save one.
under which are included bonds, in which they often were for the Gospel of Christ:
and uproars of the people, when their lives were frequently in imminent danger: or "in tossings to and fro"; being drove from place to place through the fury of their enemies;
in a laborious ministry of the word, and administration of ordinances; or by labouring with their own hands to supply their necessities:
being obliged to work night and day at their hand labour, and in preaching, praying, and singing psalms; which exercises they were often employed in at midnight:
by which are meant not voluntary, but involuntary ones, through want of food to eat.