2 Samuel 10:16

16 Hadadezer had Arameans brought from beyond the Euphrates River; they went to Helam, with Shobak the commander of Hadadezer’s army leading them.

Read 2 Samuel 10:16 Using Other Translations

And Hadarezer sent, and brought out the Syrians that were beyond the river: and they came to Helam; and Shobach the captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them.
And Hadadezer sent and brought out the Syrians who were beyond the Euphrates. They came to Helam, with Shobach the commander of the army of Hadadezer at their head.
they were joined by additional Aramean troops summoned by Hadadezer from the other side of the Euphrates River. These troops arrived at Helam under the command of Shobach, the commander of Hadadezer’s forces.

What does 2 Samuel 10:16 mean?

John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
2 Samuel 10:16

And Hadarezer sent
The same with Hadadezer, ( 2 Samuel 8:3 ) , who was at the head of this confederacy, and to whom the rest of the kings of Syria were servants, ( 2 Samuel 10:19 ) ;

and brought out the Syrians that [were] beyond the river;
the river Phrat or Euphrates, as the Targum; so the Arabic version and Josephus {y}, who says, that he hired them:

and they came to Helam;
which, according to the same writer, was king of the Syrians beyond Euphrates; but it seems to be the name of a place, where was the general rendezvous of the Syrian army. Junius conjectures that it is the same with the Alamatha of Ptolemy F26, which he places with the Trachonite Arabs near the Euphrates:

and Shobach the captain of the host of Hadarezer [went] before them:
before the whole combined army, which according to Josephus F1, consisted of eighty thousand foot, and ten thousand horse: this general is called Shophach, ( 1 Chronicles 19:16 ) the letters "B" and "P" being of the same pronunciation in the Hebrew tongue, as Kimchi observes, though it is there read "Shobach", in the Syriac and Arabic versions; he was no doubt a very able, valiant, and skilful general, since he is particularly mentioned by name, and whose name was then famous; the Arabic version calls him a spear bearer of Hadarezer.


FOOTNOTES:

F25 Ut supra, (Antiqu. l. 7. c. 6.) sect. 3.
F26 Geograph. l. 5. c. 15.
F1 Ut supra. (Antiqu. l. 7. c. 6. sect. 3.)
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