2 Samuel 10:18

18 But they fled before Israel, and David killed seven hundred of their charioteers and forty thousand of their foot soldiers.a He also struck down Shobak the commander of their army, and he died there.

Read 2 Samuel 10:18 Using Other Translations

And the Syrians fled before Israel; and David slew the men of seven hundred chariots of the Syrians, and forty thousand horsemen, and smote Shobach the captain of their host, who died there.
And the Syrians fled before Israel, and David killed of the Syrians the men of 700 chariots, and 40,000 horsemen, and wounded Shobach the commander of their army, so that he died there.
But again the Arameans fled from the Israelites. This time David’s forces killed 700 charioteers and 40,000 foot soldiers, including Shobach, the commander of their army.

What does 2 Samuel 10:18 mean?

John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
2 Samuel 10:18

And the Syrians fled before Israel
After an obstinate and bloody fight between them:

and David slew [the men of] seven hundred chariots of the Syrians;
the word "men" is rightly supplied, for chariots could not be said to be slain, but the men in them; in ( 1 Chronicles 19:17 ) , they are said to be seven thousand, here seven hundred; which may be reconciled by observing, that here the chariots that held the men are numbered, there the number of the men that were in the chariots given, and reckoning ten men in a chariot, seven hundred chariots held just seven thousand men; though Kimchi takes another way of reconciling the two places, by observing that here only the choicest chariots are mentioned, there all of them, but the former way seems best:

and forty thousand horsemen;
in ( 1 Chronicles 19:17 ) ; it is forty thousand "footmen", and so Josephus F3; and the same may be called both horse and foot, be cause though they might come into the field of battle on horseback, yet might dismount and fight on foot; and so one historian calls them horsemen, and the other footmen; or the whole number of the slain, horse and foot mixed together, were forty thousand; Kimchi makes use of another way of removing this difficulty, and which perhaps is the best, that here only the horsemen are numbered that were slain, and there the footmen only, and both true; an equal number of each being slain, in all eighty thousand, besides the seven thousand in the chariots:

and smote Shobach the captain of their host, who died there;
of his wounds upon the spot.


FOOTNOTES:

F3 Ut supra. (Antiqu. l. 7. c. 6. sect. 3.)
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