Acts 2:30

30 But he was a prophet and knew that God had promised him on oath that he would place one of his descendants on his throne.

Acts 2:30 in Other Translations

KJV
30 Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne;
ESV
30 Being therefore a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that he would set one of his descendants on his throne,
NLT
30 But he was a prophet, and he knew God had promised with an oath that one of David’s own descendants would sit on his throne.
MSG
30 But being also a prophet and knowing that God had solemnly sworn that a descendant of his would rule his kingdom,
CSB
30 Since he was a prophet, he knew that God had sworn an oath to him to seat one of his descendants on his throne.

Acts 2:30 Meaning and Commentary

Acts 2:30

Therefore being a prophet
Who could foretell things to come, as he did many things concerning the sufferings and death of Christ, and the circumstances attending it, concerning his resurrection, ascension, and session at the right hand of God. So the title of his "Psalms", in the Syriac version, runs thus; the "Book of the Psalms of David, King and Prophet": and in the Arabic version, "the First Book of the Psalms of David the Prophet, King of the Children of Israel". Though the Jews F4 will not allow him, nor Solomon, nor Daniel, to be strictly and properly prophets, they make a difference between prophecy, and the Holy Spirit. They own, that the book of Psalms was written under the influence of the Holy Spirit, but not by prophecy; and therefore they place it among the Hagiographa, or holy writings, but not among the Prophets: though after all, Kimchi allows David to be a prophet, since he is called a man of God; for he says this name is not said of any but (aybn le) , "of a prophet" F5; and Peter is right in calling him so:

and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him;
as he did in ( Psalms 132:11 ) .

that of the fruit of his loins;
of one that should be of his seed, that should spring from him, even the Virgin Mary, who was of the house and lineage of David:

according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ;
would send him forth, according to the human nature; for this phrase respects not his resurrection from the dead, but his incarnation or exhibition in the flesh, as in ( Acts 3:26 ) ( 13:23 ) . This clause is wanting in the Vulgate Latin, Syriac, and Ethiopic versions, and in the Alexandrian copy, and should be read in a parenthesis; since it is not in the text in ( Psalms 132:11 ) .

to sit on his throne;
on the throne of David his father; (See Gill on Luke 1:32).


FOOTNOTES:

F4 Maimon. More Nevochim, par. 2. c. 45. Vid. Procop. Gazaeum in Reg. l. 2. c. 23. sect. 2.
F5 Kimchi Praefat. ad Psalm.

Acts 2:30 In-Context

28 You have made known to me the paths of life; you will fill me with joy in your presence.’
29 “Fellow Israelites, I can tell you confidently that the patriarch David died and was buried, and his tomb is here to this day.
30 But he was a prophet and knew that God had promised him on oath that he would place one of his descendants on his throne.
31 Seeing what was to come, he spoke of the resurrection of the Messiah, that he was not abandoned to the realm of the dead, nor did his body see decay.
32 God has raised this Jesus to life, and we are all witnesses of it.

Cross References 1

  • 1. S Matthew 1:1; 2 Samuel 7:12; Psalms 132:11