This summary of the book of 2 Timothy provides information about the title, author(s), date of writing, chronology, theme,
theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the Book of 2 Timothy.
Author, Date and Setting
essay, p. 2481. After Paul's release from prison in Rome in a.d. 62 (Ac 28)
and after his fourth missionary journey (see map, pp. 2486-2487), during which
he wrote 1 Timothy and Titus, Paul was again imprisoned under Emperor Nero
c. 66-67. It was during this time that he wrote 2 Timothy.
In contrast to his first imprisonment, when he lived in a "rented house" (Ac 28:30; see note there), he now languished in a cold dungeon (see 4:13 and note),
chained like a common criminal (1:16; 2:9). His friends even had a hard time
finding out where he was being kept (1:17). Paul knew that his work was done
and that his life was nearly at an end (4:6-8).
Reasons for Writing
Paul had three reasons for writing to Timothy at this time:
was lonely. Phygelus and Hermogenes, "everyone in the province of Asia"
(1:15), and Demas (4:10) had deserted him. Crescens, Titus and Tychicus
were away (4:10-12), and only Luke was with him (4:11). Paul wanted very much for Timothy to join him also. Timothy was his "fellow worker" (Ro
16:21), who "as a son with his father" (Php 2:22 ; see note there) had
served closely with Paul (see 1Co 4:17). Of him Paul could say, "I have
no one else like him" (Php 2:20). Paul longed for Timothy (1:4) and twice asked him to come soon (4:9,21). For more information on Timothy see Introduction
to 1 Timothy: Recipient.
Paul was concerned about the welfare of the churches during this
time of persecution under Nero, and he admonishes Timothy to guard the
gospel (1:14), to persevere in it (3:14), to keep on preaching it (4:2)
and, if necessary, to suffer for it (1:8; 2:3).
Paul wanted to write to the Ephesian church through his letter to Timothy (see note on 4:22).