Job 9

1 Then Iyov responded:
2 "Indeed, I know that this is so; but how can a human win a case against God?
3 Whoever might want to argue with him could not answer him one [question] in a thousand.
4 His heart is so wise, his strength so great -who can resist him and succeed?
5 "He moves the mountains, although they don't know it, when he overturns them in his anger.
6 He shakes the earth from its place; its supporting pillars tremble.
7 He commands the sun, and it fails to rise; he shuts up the stars under his seal.
8 He alone spreads out the sky and walks on the waves in the sea.
9 He made the Great Bear, Orion, the Pleiades and the hidden constellations of the south.
10 He does great, unsearchable things, wonders beyond counting.
11 He can go right by me, and I don't see him; he moves past without my being aware of him.
12 If he kills [people], who will ask why? Who will say to him, 'What are you doing?'
13 God will not withdraw his anger -even Rahav's supporters submit to him.
14 "How much less can I answer him and select my arguments against him!
15 Even if I were right, I wouldn't answer; I could only ask for mercy from my judge.
16 If I summoned him, and he answered me, I still can't believe he would listen to my plea.
17 He could break me with a storm; he could multiply my wounds for no reason,
18 to the point where I couldn't even breathe -with such bitterness he could fill me!
19 If it's a matter of force, look how mighty he is; if justice, who can summon him to court?
20 Even if I'm right, my own mouth will condemn me; if I'm innocent, it would pronounce me guilty.
21 "I am innocent. Don't I know myself? But I've had enough of this life of mine!
22 So I say it's all the same -he destroys innocent and wicked alike.
23 When disaster brings sudden death, he laughs at the plight of the innocent.
24 The earth has been given to the power of the wicked; he covers the faces of its judges -if it isn't he, then who is it?
25 My days pass on more swiftly than a runner; they flee without seeing anything good.
26 They skim by like skiffs built of reeds, like an eagle swooping down on its prey.
27 "If I say, 'I'll forget my complaining, I'll put off my sad face and be cheerful,'
28 then I'm still afraid of all my pain, and I know you will not hold me innocent.
29 I will be condemned, so why waste my efforts?
30 Even if I washed myself in melted snow and cleansed my hands with lye,
31 you would plunge me into the muddy pit, till my own clothes would detest me.
32 "For he is not merely human like me; there is no answer that I could give him if we were to come together in court.
33 There is no arbitrator between us who could lay his hand on us both.
34 If he would remove his rod from me and not let his terrors frighten me,
35 then I would speak without fear of him; for when I'm alone, I'm not afraid.

Job 9 Commentary

Chapter 9

Job acknowledges God's justice. (1-13) He is not able to contend with God. (14-21) Men not to be judged by outward condition. (22-24) Job complains of troubles. (25-35)

Verses 1-13 In this answer Job declared that he did not doubt the justice of God, when he denied himself to be a hypocrite; for how should man be just with God? Before him he pleaded guilty of sins more than could be counted; and if God should contend with him in judgment, he could not justify one out of a thousand, of all the thoughts, words, and actions of his life; therefore he deserved worse than all his present sufferings. When Job mentions the wisdom and power of God, he forgets his complaints. We are unfit to judge of God's proceedings, because we know not what he does, or what he designs. God acts with power which no creature can resist. Those who think they have strength enough to help others, will not be able to help themselves against it.

Verses 14-21 Job is still righteous in his own eyes, ch. 32:1 , and this answer, though it sets forth the power and majesty of God, implies that the question between the afflicted and the Lord of providence, is a question of might, and not of right; and we begin to discover the evil fruits of pride and of a self-righteous spirit. Job begins to manifest a disposition to condemn God, that he may justify himself, for which he is afterwards reproved. Still Job knew so much of himself, that he durst not stand a trial. If we say, We have no sin, we not only deceive ourselves, but we affront God; for we sin in saying so, and give the lie to the Scripture. But Job reflected on God's goodness and justice in saying his affliction was without cause.

Verses 22-24 Job touches briefly upon the main point now in dispute. His friends maintained that those who are righteous and good, always prosper in this world, and that none but the wicked are in misery and distress: he said, on the contrary, that it is a common thing for the wicked to prosper, and the righteous to be greatly afflicted. Yet there is too much passion in what Job here says, for God doth not afflict willingly. When the spirit is heated with dispute or with discontent, we have need to set a watch before our lips.

Verses 25-35 What little need have we of pastimes, and what great need to redeem time, when it runs on so fast towards eternity! How vain the enjoyments of time, which we may quite lose while yet time continues! The remembrance of having done our duty will be pleasing afterwards; so will not the remembrance of having got worldly wealth, when it is all lost and gone. Job's complaint of God, as one that could not be appeased and would not relent, was the language of his corruption. There is a Mediator, a Daysman, or Umpire, for us, even God's own beloved Son, who has purchased peace for us with the blood of his cross, who is able to save to the uttermost all who come unto God through him. If we trust in his name, our sins will be buried in the depths of the sea, we shall be washed from all our filthiness, and made whiter than snow, so that none can lay any thing to our charge. We shall be clothed with the robes of righteousness and salvation, adorned with the graces of the Holy Spirit, and presented faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy. May we learn the difference between justifying ourselves, and being thus justified by God himself. Let the tempest-tossed soul consider Job, and notice that others have passed this dreadful gulf; and though they found it hard to believe that God would hear or deliver them, yet he rebuked the storm, and brought them to the desired haven. Resist the devil; give not place to hard thoughts of God, or desperate conclusions about thyself. Come to Him who invites the weary and heavy laden; who promises in nowise to cast them out.

Chapter Summary


This and the following chapter contain Job's answer to Bildad, and in this he asserts the strict justice at God; which is such, that no man can be just in his sight, not being able to answer to one charge, or for one sin, of a thousand he is guilty of, Job 9:1-3; and that such are his wisdom and power, that the most daring man cannot expect to succeed in an opposition to him, Job 9:4; instances are given of his power in the works of nature and providence, Job 9:5-10; notice is taken of the imperceptibleness of his actions and motions, and of his sovereignty in all his ways, Job 9:11,12; and of his fierce wrath and anger, which is such as obliges the proudest of men to stoop under him; and therefore Job chose not to contend in a judicial way with him, but in a suppliant manner would entreat him, since his hand was so heavy upon him, Job 9:13-21; he affirms, in direct opposition to Bildad and his friends, and insists upon it, that God afflicts both the righteous and the wicked; yea, gives the earth to the latter when he slays the former, Job 9:22-24; he then observes the shortness of his days, and complains of his heavy afflictions, Job 9:25-28; and concludes, that it was in vain for him to expect his cause to be heard before God, there being no daysman between them; and wishes that the dread of the Divine Majesty might be taken from him, and then he would freely and without fear speak unto him, Job 9:29-35.

Job 9 Commentaries

Complete Jewish Bible Copyright 1998 by David H. Stern. Published by Jewish New Testament Publications, Inc. All rights reserved. Used by permission.