John xxi. 17. He saith unto him the third time, Simon,.

son of Jonas, lovefi thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowefl all things; thou kv.owestthat Ilove thee. Jesus faith unto him, Feed my


THERE is nothing more essential to religion, or of more importance in it, than divine love. Divine love is the sole spring of all acceptable obedience in this life, and the grand prerequisite for complete happiness in the enjoyment of GQd in the world to come; and without it, all bur religion, all our gifts and improvements, however high and miraculous, are vain.


And as it is of the utmost importance in reality, it is confessed to be so by all mankind, who acknowledge the existence of a Deity. Whatever be the religion, or whatever be the object, still it is universally acknowledged, that love is an essential part of it. And indeed the evidence for this is so very glaring, that it is no wonder mankind have not been able to mut their eyes against it. Religion without love, is as great a contradiction as friendship without love. To worship a God whom we do not love, to adore excellences which we disaffect, to profess a religion founded by an enemy, this is the greatest absurdity imaginable. Such a religion must appear abominable to God and man.

Now divine love is the subject of my text, which I have chosen for your present meditation 5 and you see I have not chosen a subject that is trifling in itself, or the disputed peculiarity of a party. You need not, therefore, be under apprehensions, that I would proselyte you to any thing but the sincere love of God and Jesus Christ. However, I would not have you judge of my design by my verbal declarations, but by the apparent tendency of my discourse, of which you will be able to form. a judgment when I have done.— Therefore entertain no prejudices or suspicions till you fee reason, lest you deprive yourselves of that benesit you might otherwise receive from your present attendance.

There is so little solicitous inquiry among men concerning the sincerity of their sove to God, that it would seem self-evident, and beyond all dispute.— Whatever sins they indulge themselves in, however much they practically neglect God and religion, yet still they insist upon it, they love him sincerely. This piece of merit they all claim, as belonging to them beyond dispute. But is divine love indeed a thing so common, so universal? We read that the carnal mind is enmity against God. Rom. viii. 7. And is there no such thing as a carnal mind now to be found upon

Vol. III. M earth? earth? We are told of some that were haters of God, Rom. i. 30. —enemies in their minds by wicked works. Col. I. 31. And are there none such to be found among us? The heart-searching Jesus, while conversant among mortals, told the Jews, who made so great a profession' of their love to God, and suspected their own sincerity as little as any of us, I know you, that you have not the love of God in you. John v. 42. And were he now to pass sentence upon us, would he not make the fame declaration with regard to sundry of us, who, perhaps, are least apprehensive of It? Is it a needless thing for us to enter into a serious conference with our own hearts, and ask them, "Do I indeed love the ever blessed God, and the only Saviour? Will my love stand the test? What are its properties and effects?" Is this, my brethren, a superfluous or impertinent inquiry? I am sure it did not seem so to Christ, who put Peter to the trial upon this point no less than thrice.

Our Lord made a meal with his disciples, to convince them of the reality of his body after his resurrection. When "it was sinished, he turns to Peter, and asks him a very serious question, Simon, son of Jonas, love/1 thou me? The very proposal of the question seems to suppose that Peter had given some reason to suspect his love to him, as he had really done, a few days before, by denying him thrice, with Blocking aggravations; and with this reference the inquiry was very cutting to Peter, and no doubt made him think thus with himself: "Ah! it is no wonder my Lord should call my love in question, who so lately most ungratesully denied him." The-qucstion is pus to him openly, before the whole company, which might perhaps increase his confusion; but It was prudently ordered, that he might declare his love to Jesus as openly as he had denied him, and that his brethren might be satissied of his sincerity, and recovery from nis late fall.

The sirst form of the question implies a comparison: Simon, Jon of Jonas, love/i thou nte more than these?

that that is, more than these thy fellow-disciples ?" It i§ not long since, Peter, that thou didst declare, Though all should forsake thee, yet will not I; though all my fellow-disciples should prove treacherous, yet I am de^ termined to adhere to thee, come what will; and art thou still of the fame mind? Peter modestly replies, Lord thou knowest that I love thee: as much as to fay j "Lord, I own that I have fallen more foully than any of my brethren, and I dare not fay I love- thee more than they do; I dare fay nothing of the high degree of my love, in comparison with others; but, Lord, i" must assert the sincerity of my love, weak as it is, and I humbly adventure to appeal to thee, who knowest all things, and canst not be deceived with fair pretensions, for the truth of my profession." *

Peter, no doubt, hoped this declaration would satisfy his Lord. But Jesus, after a pause, puts the question to him again, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou met And Peter insists upon his former answer,. Tea, Lord, thou knowest that I love thee.

Now he hoped to escape all future questions upon this point. But Jesus, as though he were still suspicious of him, puts it to him a third time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou- me? Peter v?as grieved that this inquiry mould be put to him successively no less than thrice; it cut him to the heart with the remembrance of his base denial of his Master as often, and perhaps with a fear that he would not now be convinced of his sincerity, but was about to expose him as a traitor, and discard him. Upon this he grows warm, and replies with the most passionate vehemence, Lord, thou knowest all things, thou knowest that I love thee. As much as


• Or the comparison in the question may refer to the provision they had just sed upon, and the employment they had just been in. Q; D. "Lovest thou me more than thou lovest these sish and thy Ashing trade? Peter replies, Tea, Lord, thou knotvesl that I love thee. Well, says Christ, if thou dost really love me, leave this employment, and feed my sheep; let that be thy business for the future, and (hew thy love to ms by thy tender care of my sheep; that is, of my church."

to fay, " Lord, why dost thou try me so often upon this point? Look only into my heart, which lies all open to thy view, and be thou judge thyself, whether I do not sincerely love thee. I must confess my late conduct looked very suspicious; and I reflect upon it with shame and sorrow: I am unworthy to be ranked by thee among thy friends. But, Lord, unworthy as I am, and base and suspicious as my conduct was, I must insist upon it, that I do love thee; and it wounds me to the heart that thou shouldst seem so jealous of me. I cannot give up this point; and I appeal to thyself for the truth of it." Jealousy in love, my brethren, suspicion among friends, is a very painful and anxious passion; and never so much so to a pious heart, as when the sincerity of our love to God is the object of it. Such a person cannot be easy while a matter of so much importance lies under suspicion, but must put it beyond all doubt.

And let me tell you, sirs, this is a question in which we are all most nearly concerned. Are our conduct and temper towards God so entirely and uniformly friendly and dutiful, as to put it beyond all doubt that we do truly love him? Alas! are there not many things that look very suspicious in our case? Should Jesus now call each of us by our names, as he did Peter, and ask us, one by one, Lovesi thou me? what could we answer? Could we honestly desire him to look into our hearts, that hev might fee that sacred principle there? and could we produce the genuine evidences of it in our lives? My brethren, if there be an inquiry within the compass of human knowledge that deserves the most solicitous attention, certainly this does. And it is my present design to assist you to come to a determination upon it. I say, we are now going upon this search, " Do I really love the Lord Jesus?" Come, sirs, let us all join in it; let us all resolve to be determined in this point before we leave this place. For this purpose I shall point out some plain marks of genuine love, and then, supposing that you will have


discovered your real character in this respect, I shall address you as divided into two different classes; the friends, and the enemies of Jesus. And as love to God, and love to Jesus Christ, who is God as well as man, are substantially the same, and cannot be separated, I shall not nicely distinguish between them, but speak upon the one or the other, as may be most conducive to my design.

1. I am to point out some plain, genuine marks of divine love; and these I shall derive either from plain scripture, or from the apparent nature and inseparable properties of that passion.

I need hardly tell you, that while there is so much hypocrisy, flattery, and compliment in the world, a man's professing the Christian Religion, and a supreme regard to its Founder, is no certain evidence of divine love. Insincerity and treachery, which have done so much mischief in private friendships, and betrayed so many kingdoms, has diffused itself, like a malignant poison, into the affairs of religion; and men dare to compliment and flatter even the heart-searching God. Judas betrayed his Lord with an Hail, Master, and a kiss; and his conduct before that had the appearance of friendship, otherwise the disciples would have suspected him for the traitor upon the sirst hint. Therefore there must be something more substantial to evidence the truth of our love, than a mere profession, or the external forms of religion.

Nor does true love consist in a speculative, languid esteem, or a careless, unaffecting good opinion of Jesus Christ. We may think and speak highly of him, and believe very great things concerning him, while the heart is dead and cold towards him; yea, full of enmity against him. All this may be the effect of education, or cool reasoning, and may hover in the head, without sinking deep into the heart, and becoming a governing principle in practice. It is this speculative good opinion of him which, I am afraid, the generality mistake for divine love. They cannot but know

that that their hearts are habitually careless and indifferent towards God, that they do not feel those affectionate emotions and strong tendencies of foul towards him, which they feel towards all other objects of their love. However, when they happen to think of him, it is sometimes with a kind of high esteem; and this they take to be a genuine love to him, though it has no correspondent effects upon their temper or conduct.

I may add farther, That some may love God upon a mistake; that is, they love him upon supposition that he is quite another kind of being than he really is; and did they conceive of him as he is, he would appear to their depraved hearts rather an object of terror and abhorrence, than of love and delight. For example, they .may suppose him so soft, easy, and passive a being, as not to resent their rebellious conduct; so merciful, as hardly ever to execute justice upon sinners ; so careless of the honour of his law and government, as to pass by all their disobedience; and Ib foolishly fond of his creatures, as to advance them to happiness promiscuously without any regard to their moral character, or the honour of his perfections. Such a Deity as this is formed exactly according to their taste, to encourage them in sin, and relieve them from horrors of conscience and the fears of futurity; and no wonder they should love such a Being as this, so like themselves: even criminals would love a judge of this character. But this is not the true God, but the creature of their own foolish imaginations. This is not that God before whom the celestial armies cry, Holy, holy, holy; who is of purer eyes than to behold iniquity; who is a God of truth and without iniquity; juji and right is he; who turns the wicked into hell, and all the nations that forget God; and who will not admit one soul into heaven but what is made holy in temper and practice beforehand. And did they view him in this light, they would be so far from loving him, that their carnal minds would rise in enmity against him. Now to love God upon such a supposition, is not to please him, but


to reproach and affront him; arid he resent&iit as the' highest indignity. How would you take it, if a rake or a villain should love you upon a mistaken notion, that you were a libertine, a thief, or a liar, like him-self? Would you thank him for such a friendship?. No; you would esteem it the basest affront. And when you had convinced him of his mistake, his love would be turned into hatred. My brethren, we must love God for what he is, otherwise we do not love him at all. We must, therefore, know him in some measure as he is, before we can rationally love him; and particularly, we must know and delight in those perfections which are most unacceptable to guilty and depraved creatures, his justice, holiness, and insinite hatred of sin, before we can truly love him.

Having cautioned you against these plausible and popular mistakes, I now resume my purpose, and shall point out some undoubted marks of genuine and sincere love. And that I may not perplex you with too many particulars, I shall only mention these four: That it is of a divine and supernatural original—and that it produces frequent and affectionate thoughts of its object—A delight in communion with him—And an earnest study and endeavour to please him, by a lise of universal obedience.

1. If you would determine this important inquiry, "Do I really love the Lord Jesus Christ?" you must previously inquire how you came by your love? whether it be the mere effect of nature, of education, or any thing within the power of man? or whether it was wrought in your hearts by the almighty power of God, after many rebellious struggles and insurrections, and a full conviction of the innate enmity of your carnal minds against him? If it be the spontaneous production of your own hearts, or of natural causes, if you have always been possessed of it, and never found it difficult to obtain or cherish it? If you have not been sensible of a supernatural power working it in you, you may be sure it is all delusion. For though

the the passion of love be innate in our nature, and is easily excited by a thousand created beauties, yet, alas! it has no natural tendency towards God. Human nature in its present state is strangely indisposed and disaffected in this respect, as experience has abundantly convinced us, unless we have been stupidly unobservant with regard to ourselves. A state of nature is uniformly represented in scripture as a state of enmity against God. That which is born of the slesh is flesh t John iii. 6. and therefore, by nature, we are all flesh in the scripture style. Now they that are in the flesh cannot please God, says St. Paul, because the carnal mind is enmity againfl God, he. Rom. viii. 7, 8. The scriptures every where represent us as being saved in the way of reconciliation; now reconciliation supposes a previous variance and enmity. Nay, St. Paul expressly tells us, that we were enemies when we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son. Rom. v. 10. By nature we are children of wrath, Eph. ii. 3. and surely we cannot be children of wrath and lovers of God at one and the feme time! Here then you must all plead guilty.— "Whatever you now are, it is beyond all doubt that you were once enemies to God. It is sufficient conviction against you that you are men, and belong to a; race universally disaffected. And now have you ever been brought out of that state? if not, you are enemies to God still. You could not pass from death unto life in a dream, or an entire insensibility; for you must have experienced a great change, and you must have been sensible of, and may now recollect a great many deep and affecting sensations that attended it. You must have seen and been mocked at your disaffection: you must have been brought to cry in the most importunate manner to God to give you a better temper, and to shed abroad his love in your hearts by the Holy Ghost. Rom. v. 5. In short, you are made new creatures; old things are passed away, and all things are become new ; and all these new things are of God, who hath reconciled you to himself. 2 Cor. v. 17, 18.

Now Now if this be the test, what would you fay to this question, Lovejl thou me? Some of you, I trust, could answer, " Lord, I am afraid of the truth of my love j but this I am sure of, a great change hath been wrought in my soul. Whether I am now a sincere lover of God or not, I am sure I am not what I once was; not only my outward practice, but the inward temper of my heart towards thee is vastly altered; it is more silial, affectionate and dutiful." If any of you can advance thus far in your answer, my brethren, it looks comfortable, though you should still be jealous of yourselves. But, firs, let conscience now deal honestly with you; Are there not many of you who are still in your natural state? All your religion is an earth-born, selfsprung thing. You have never been the subjects of a supernatural work of divine grace, nor felt such a great change in the temper of your minds ; and if this is your case I must pronounce, that, however many amiable qualities you may be possessed of, and however fair a profession you make of religion, you have not the love of God in you; for how mould you have it, when it is not natural to you, and when it has not been implanted in you by an operation above nature? Indeed, my brethren, if this be your case, you are plainly convicted this day of being destitute of the very sirst principle of all religion; and pray admit the conviction: you may as well expect to be men without being born, as to love God without being bora again. But,

2. If we love the Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity, we frequently and affectionately think of him. This you know is the genius and tendency of love in general, to six our thoughts upon its object; and the Psalmist often mentions this as an attendant of his love to God. How precious are the thoughts of thee unto me, 0 God! how great is the sum of them! if I should count them, they are more in number than the sand; when I awake I am JIM with thee. Psal. cxxxix. 17, 18. I remember thee upon my bed, and meditate on thee in the night-watches.

Vol. III. N ° Psal.

Psal. lxiii. 6. My meditation of him shall be sweet. Psal. civ. 34. Isaiah represents the whole church as saying, The defire of our soul is to thy name, and to the remembrance of thee: with my foul have I defired thee in the night; yea, with my spirit within me will I seek thee early. Isa. xxvi. 8, 9. This you fee is the character of the lovers of God. And on the other hand, his enemies are characterized as persons who do not like to retain him in their knowledge, Rom. i. 28. who forget. God; Psal. ix. 17. and 1. 22. God is net in all their thoughts, Psal. x. 4. but they practically fay unto the Almighty, depart from us; we defire not the knowledge of thy ways. Job. xxi. 14. The thoughts of an enemy are always ungrateful, especially if he is unable to avenge himself of his adversaries; and the mind will turn every way to avoid them. But the thoughts of one we love, how sweet, how welcome, how often do they return 1 How often does the dear image of an absent friend rise to the mind! and with what asfectionate endearments! Unless you are entire strangers to this generous passion, you know, by experience, this is the nature and tendency of love.

And do not these things enable some of you to give a comfortable answer to this question, Levesl theu me? You are often jealous of your love; but if you love him not, why do your thoughts make so many eager sallies to him? Once your thoughts could dwell within the compass of created nature, and fly from vanity to Vanity, without attempting a flight to heaven. But now do they not often break through the limits of creation, in eager search after God as that supreme good? And with what affectionate eagerness do they at times dwell there! How do your fouls delight to survey and gaze at his perfections, and contemplate the wonders of his works! And how often do your thoughts hover round a crucisied Jesus, and, as it were, cling and cluster to his cross, like the bees rchind the hive! You do not indeed think of him so frequently, or with such affectionate endearments as you should. But can ,' \ you you not appeal to himself, that the thoughts of him are welcome to your minds; that you do at times dwell with pleasure in the delightful contemplation, even when your hands are busy about other things; and that it is your daily sorrow that your hearts arc not more intimate with him, and pay him more frequent visits? Does not your experience tell you, that you cannot always let your thoughts grovel in the dust, or run out in an endless chace of things below, but that, in some happy hours, they rise on the wings of love, and most affectionately cleave to your dear' Redeemer? And your thoughts are not the cold speculations of a philosopher, but the warm, paffionate and heart-affecting thoughts of a christian. If this be your case, my brethren, take courage. You love the Lord Jesus Christ, and you may be sure he laves you,, and will treat you as his friends.

But are there not many of you who may be convinced by those things, that you have not the love of God in you? For are you not conscious that your affectionate thoughts are prostituted to some trifle irr this lower world, and hardly ever aspire to him? Nay, are. not the thoughts of God, and things divine and eternal, unwelcome to you? and do you not cast them out of your minds as you would shake a spark of sire from your bosoms? Do not you sind yourselves shy of him, and alienated from him? Do not those things give you pain which would turn your thoughts towards him? You do not affect such subjects of meditation or conversation, and you soon grow weary and uneasy when your minds are tied down to them! And what can be thp cause of this, but a strong disaffection to God, and a secret consciousness that he is your enemy on this account! O, sirs, what can be more astonishing, or what can be a stronger evidence of enmity to God, than that men should live in such a world as this, and yet hardly ever have one affectionate thought of their great Author, Preserver and Benefactor! His glory shines upon them from all his works,

and and meets their eye wherever they look; his word exhibits him to their view in a still more bright and amiable light. It represents the Lord Jesus in all the love and agonies of his crucisixion, and in all the glories of his exaltation; they are receiving mercies from him every moment of their lives; for, in him they live, and move, and have their being: their own reason and consciences tell them that he is the most excellent and lovely being, and worthy of supreme and universal love, and they profess to believe it; and yet he cannot, after all, gain ib much as their frequent and affectionate thoughts! Their thoughts, those cheap and easy things, are ungratefully denied to him, who gave them a power of thinking! O what stupid indifferehey about the supreme good, or rather what prevailing enmity is here! Can you pretend to be lovers of Jesus Christ while this is your case? Can you excuse or extenuate this under the soft name of insirmity? No, it is rank, inveterate, sullen enmity; and a righteous God resents it as such. But,

3. If you love God and the Lord Jesus Christ, you delight in communion with them. Friends, you know, delight to converse together, to unbosom themselves to one another, and to enjoy the freedoms of society. They are fond of interviews, and seize every opportunity for that purpose; and absence is tedious and painful to them. If you are so happy as to have a' friend, you know by experience this is the nature of love. Now, though God be a spirit, and insinitely above all sensible converse with the sons of men, yet he does not keep himself at a distance from his people. He has access to their spirits, and allows them to carry on a spiritual commerce with him, which is the greatest happiness of their lives. Hence God is so often said, In the scripture, to draw near to them, and they to him, James iv. 8. Heb. vii. 19. Psalm Ixix. 18. and lxxiii. 28. Heb. x. 22. Lam. iii. $j. and St. John, speaking of himself and his fellow-christians, fays, Truly our fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son


"Jesus Christ. 1 John i. 3. This divine fellowship is promised by Christ to all his friends, John xiv. 21, 23. He that loveth me, fjail be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and will manifest myself to him ;we will love him, and we will .come unto him, and make our abode with him. This mystical fellowship is peculiar to 'the friends of God; and others know nothing of it. They are represented as poor strangers and aliens, that have no communication with God. Eph. ii. 12. Col. i. 21. He is shy of them and they of him: they keep at a distance from one another, like persons disaffected.— This communion on God's part consists in his communicating to his people the influences of his grace, to quicken them, to inflame their love, to give them silial boldness in drawing near to him, in assuring them of his love to them, and representing himself to them as reconciled and accessable. And on their part it consists in a liberty of heart and speech in pouring out their prayers to him, a delightful freedom of spiiit in all exercises of devotion, in returning him love for love, and dedicating themselves to him. Thus there is a kind of interchange of thoughts and affecti.ons, mutual freedoms and endearments, between them. And O! how divinely sweet in some happy hours of sacred intimacy! This indeed is heaven upon earth: and, might it but continue without interruption, the life of a lover of God would be a constant series of pure, unmingled happiness. But, alas! at times their Beloved withdraws himself, and goes from them, and then they languish, and pine away, and mourn, like the mourning turtle that has lost his mate. This intercourse with God may be a strange thing to some of you; and to vindicate the want of it, you may give it some odious name; enthusiasm, fanaticism, or heated imagination. But I must tell you, is you know nothing of it, your temper and experience is entirely different from all the friends of God, and, therefore, you cannot rank yourselves in that happy :number.


Now the ordinances of the gospel are, as it were, the places of interview, where God and his people meet, and where they indulge those sacred freedoms. It is in prayer, in meditation, in reading or hearing his Word, in communicating at his table; it is in these and the like exercises that God communicates, and, as it were, unbosoms himself to those that love him; and they enjoy the freedom of children and friends with him: and on this account they delight in those ordinances, and take pleasure in attending upon them. The Workings of their hearts in this respect, you may discover in David, when, by the persecution of Saul, or the rebellion of his son Absalom, he was banished from the stated ordinances of public worship. Psal. xlii. ir 2, 4. and lxxxiv. throughout, and xxvii. 4.

And now, my brethren, to come nearer home, have not some of you experienced the sacred joys of communion with God? And were not those the sweetest hours of your life? Have you not found it good for you to draw near to him ? And when he has withdrawn his presence, how have you languished and mourned, and could never be easy till he was pleased to return to you? Do you not also sind a sacred pleasure in the institutions of the gospel, because there you hope to meet your God, and enjoy communion with him? Is this the principle that prompts you to pray, to hear, and perform every religious duty? Then you may appeal to a heart-searching God, Lord, thou knoweji that I love thee.

But does not this view of the matter give the conscience of some of you reason to condemn you. You have neither known nor defired this fellowship with the Father, and his Son Jesus Christ. Alas ! you know nothing of those freedoms of divine friendship: and you have no prevailing pleasure in devotion. You either neglect the duties of religion, or else you perform them from custom, education, constraint of conscience, or some other such principle. Let me point out one instance as a specimen j and that is secret prayer and

closetcloset-devotion. Nothing can be more expressly commanded than this is by Christ, Matt. vi. 6. and is this your daily practice? Is this the most pleasant exercise of your life? Or is it a mere formality, or a weariness to you? My brethren, inquire honestly into this matter.

4. And lastly, If you love the Lord Jesus Christ, you earnestly study and endeavour to please him by a life of universal obedience. Love is always desirous to. please the person beloved; and it will naturally lead to a conduct that is pleasing. This, then, you may be sure of, that if you love Jesus, it is the labour of your life to please him. The grand inquiry with you is not, Will this or that please men? will it please myself? or will it promote my interest? but, will it please my God and Saviour? If not, I will have nothing to do with it. This is the standing rule of your practice: Let others consult their own inclinations, or the taste of the age ; let them consult their own secular interest, or the applause of mortals ; you consult what is the good, and acceptable, and perfect will of God. Rom. xii. 2. See also Eph. vi. 6. I Pet. iii. 17. Heb. xiii. 21. and if you may but please him, it is enough. But are there not some of you who are hardly ever concerned with this dutiful solicitude? If you can but please yourselves, and those whose favour you would court, if you can but promote your own interest, you are not solicitous whether you please God, or not. This proves you destitute of his love.

The only way to please God, and the best test of your love to him, is obedience to his commandments. This is made the decisive mark by Christ himself. If a man lave me, he will keep my wordsHe that loveth me not, keepeth not my sayings. John xiv. 23, 24.—He repeats it over and over in different forms: He that hath my commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me. ver. 21. If ye love me, keep my commandments, ver. 15. Te are my friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you. John xv. 14. This is the love of God, says St. John;

that that is, it is the surest evidence, and the natural, inseparable effect of your love of God, that you keep his, commandments; and his commandments are not grievous, 1 John v. 3. that is, they will not seem grievous to one that obeys them from the generous principle of love.

Here then, you that profess to love the Lord Jesus, here is an infallible test for your love. Do you make it the great study of your life to keep his commandments 7 Do you honestly endeavour to perform every duty he has enjoined, and that because he has enjoined it? And do you vigorously resist and struggle against every sin, however constitutional, however fashionable, however gainful, because he forbids it? And is the way of obedience pleasant to you? Would you choose this way to heaven rather than any other, if it were left to your election? What does conscience answer to this? Do not some of you stumble and hesitate here? If you should speak the truth, you must say, "I cannot but confess that I do wilfully indulge myself in some things which Jesus has forbidden, and leave unattempted some duties which he has commanded?" Alas! is this the case? Then his love does not dwell in you: you are undeniably his enemies, whatever be your pretensions. But if you can fay, "Lord, I own that in many things I offend; in many things I come short of my duty; but, if I know myself, I think, I can honestly declare, that it is my sincere and earnest defire to do thy will, and that it is my real endeavour in every instance in which it is made known to me;" I fay, if you can make this declaration, your case looks encouraging: this is the dutiful temper and modest language of genuine love.

And now, my brethren, if Jesus should put this question to each of you, Loveft thou me? Are you prepared to answer him? Can you defire more plain, or more certain evidences than have been given? Surely, no; and therefore, if you are still quite undetermined, it is owing to the real obscurity and perplexity of your


case, or to your carelessness and inattention, or to your wilfully shutting your eyes against conviction. My brethren, if you have these characteristics of love to Jesus, away with your painful jealousies, and believe that your hearts are upright before him. But if you are destitute of them, be assured you are equally destitute of his love. Love can never be separated from its natural fruits and effects; and therefore, without these, it is the greatest absurdity to pretend to it. Can you rise up now, and tell the Lord Jesus to his face, "Lord, it is true, I have not the fruits and evidences of love, but I love thee notwithstanding; I love thee above all, though I have no frequent affectionate thoughts of thee; I love thee, though I hate to think of thee; though I have no pleasure in conversing with thee, nor any concerns to please thee, and keep thy commandments; that is, I love thee, though my temper and conduct towards thee be those of an enemy!" Alas! sirs, will you presume to impose upon an omniscient God, with such absurd contradictory pretensions as these? Would such a love as this pass current among men: Offer it now to your governor, your father, or your friend, and fee if they will accept of it. Tell your friend, "I most sincerely love you, though I do not love to think of you, or converse with you: I love you, though I care not whether I please you!" would he not discard you from his friendship, as an inconsistent pretender, and highly resent it, that you should think to impose upon him by such absurd pretensions? And shall that pass for sincere, supreme love to God, which would not be accepted as common friendship among men? Shall enmity, disguised under hypocritical pretensions, be offered to him, under the name of friendship? With horror I mention it; and yet I must mention it, that you may be shocked at your conduct? do you think he wants understanding to be thus imposed upon? It is a plain case you have not the least spark of true love to him; you are enemies to him in your minds, by wicked works, thereVol. IU. O fore fore pass sentence upon yourselves; "Here is a soul so perverse and wicked, that it has never yet loved its divine Parent and the supreme excellency; has never loved the blessed Jesus, the Friend of sinners." And now, should all the enemies of God in this assembly walk to one side, and crowd together by themselves, how thin would they leave this congregation? How few would be left behind! Well, the day is coming, when you must be separated, as a shepherd divides the sheep from the goats. To the left hand, sinners, to the left hand of your Judge, you must go, who continue destitute of his love. Then you will know the truth of your case; but alas! it Will be too late to correct it. But now the discovery of it is the sirst step towards the amendment of it: and therefore, let your consciences now anticipate the proceedings of the great judgment-day, and draw a line of separation betwixt you, that I may address you according to the classes in which you are found. This leads me, pursuant to my proposed method,

II. To address myself to you who have now discovered that you are sincere lovers of Jesus Christ, notwithstanding your many imperfections. And my time will allow me to offer only two things to you.

The one is, your heaven is sure! I repeat it again, your heaven is sure! as sure as the sincerity of your love. Love is the grand qualisication for the enjoyment of God. You can be happy in his presence, because you love him : happy in his service, because you love him: happy in the contemplation of his glories, because you love him. In short, love renders you sit for heaven, and all its employments and fruitions, and therefore you shall certainly be admitted there; for God never will exclude one soul that is sit for it, or that could relish the happiness there. Love is the substance of all religion and obedience: love is the fulsilling of the law; and that love you have in your hearts. O happy souls, " rejoice in hope of the glory of God :'* for, as the apostle reasons, your hoge will not make you

ajhatnedf ashamed, because the love of God is shed abroad in your hearts by the Holy Ghost. Rom. v. 4, 5. Love is an immortal principle. Charity, or love, never faileth. 1 Cor. xiii. 8. It is therefore, not only your privilege, but your duty to rejoice : and how can you resrain, when in a few years, at most, you will be with that Jesus whom you love unseen, in all the glories, and in all the felicities of the heavenly world!

The other thing I would mention to you is, alas! how faint, how imperfect is your love! And what great reason have you to cherish it, and labour to raise it into a vigorous flame? I need not offer much for your conviction on this head; for alas! you cannot but be sensible your love bears no suitable proportion to the excellency of the divine nature, the dying love of Jesus, and your obligations to him. Alas! it' is but a feeble spark, and sometimes so buried and suffocated under the weight of your corruptions, that you can hardly discern it at all, and fear it is entirely extinguished. O then, I beseech you, love your God more; love your dear Redeemer more. Do not affront him with such a languid love: think over his excellencies, his relations to you, his unbounded love and grace to you; and these considerations may lire your hearts, cold as they are. Cry to him to kindle the sacred flame in your breast, and avoid every thing that tends to damp it: guard against the friendship of this world, which is enmity against God; and against all the workings of sin: avoid all causes of variance and distance between God and you, and labour to maintain a settled peace and a constant correspondence. But the other class of my hearers stand in greater need of immediate relief, and therefore,

III. I shall address myself to such of you- as may have discovered, by this day's trial, that you are destitute of the love of Christ: and what I have to say to you, my dear fellow mortals, may be reduced under two heads, your sin and danger—and the most proper means of deliverance


To convince you of your sin and danger in not loving God and his Son Jesus Christ, consider,

1. It is the supreme excellency that you have refused to love. The most venerable Majesty, the most consummate wisdom, the most rich goodness and grace, the most amiable justice; these are the things you disaffect, while you are disaffected towards God; for these are his very nature. You neglect and disgust faithfulness, candour, veracity, mercy, benevolence, and every moral beauty in the highest perfection. You are enemies to the origin, the sum total of all excellency. Now this may strike you with conviction in various views—as sirst, how depraved and corrupt must your fouls be, that can be disaffected to such a glorious object? How must your taste be vitiated, that cannot relish the supreme good? You can love the faint shadows of these perfections in your fellow-creatures; you can love generosity, benevolence, mercy, justice, and such virtues, in mortals, and may you not fall down overwhelmed with astonishment, and cry -out, "Lord, what is this that has befallen my foul, that I cannot love thee? that I can love any thing elfe that is lovely, and yet cannot love thee? O! what a perverse, depraved, abominable soul is this!" Sirs, must you not be shocked to think you have such souls within you? If your bodies were all over-run with rotten ulcers; if your features were all convulsed and distorted into the most hideous forms; if your limbs were all shattered and dislocated; if your taste were so vitiated that you loathed all healthful food, and you should crawl upon the earth, feeding on its mire and dirt; all this would not render you half so odious and horrible a monster as a foul disaffected towards God. Again, What an aggravated wickedness must this be? Your obligations to love him are just in proportion to his loveliness and excellency j and the wickedness of breaking these obligations is in exact proportion to their strength. And as his excellency and your obligations are insinite, your wickedness ness in not loving him must be so too. What illustration shall I use to represent this crime in its proper infernal colours? If you mould commence an enemy to the whole creation; prosecute men and angels with, implacable abhorrence; detest the father that begat you, and the breasts that gave you fuck; nay, if you should commence a direct enemy to yourself, be perpetually plotting against your own life, all this would not equal the crime of hating the ever-blessed God; for all these beings together have no excellency compared to him, and your obligation to love him is prior and fundamental to all others. Here your love should begin, here it should centre, and then extend its lines to all parts of the circle of creation; therefore, no more plead your innocence. If you had never committed one sin beside in all your life, this one of not loving God is sufficient to condemn you for ever to the lowest hell.—Further, This sin will appear more aggravated, if you consider that, by not loving God, you do in the strongest manner declare, that he has not these excellencies, but is a worthless Being, undeserving of your love. When you do not love him, after all the discoveries he has made of himself to you, it is plain that this is the habitual sense of your hearts, that he has no excellency worthy of your love. This is the language of your hearts; and this language is much more strong and expressive than that of your lips. You may speak things inadvertently, which your second thoughts would retract; but by being all your life destitute of the love of God, you have all your life been declaring that you look upon him as a worthless Being, far inferior to a thousand things upon earth,to which you have given your love. Now you would not dare to utter such blasphemy as this,and how can you dare to declare it, much more strongly by the temper of your hearts, and stand to it as a truth? O! will you never retract it by becoming a lover of God? My brethren, can you imagine a more shocking, insolent wickedness than this? And what an hateful soul must that be that has been guilty of it all its days! What is this but to fay, with the atheistic fool, No God? for he is not God, if he be not supremely excellent and amiable? and if you wish there were no God, what do you do but wish universal desolation, and imprecate destruction to yourself, and every other being? for were there no God, there could be nothing else; there would not have been one spark of being through insinite space in any point of duration.

2. Your not loving God is a most unnatural wickedness. He is your Father; and that in a higher fense than your earthly parents can be. He is the Author of your bodies, because it was he that sirst established, and still continues in force, those laws of generation, by which they were produced; and had it not been for this, men could no more produce one another than a stone or a clod of earth. As to your souls, the nobler part of your persons, they are his immediate offspring, produced by him without the instrumentality of secondary causes, of any pre-existent materials. Thus he is your Father in the highest fense; and yet you have not loved him! You have not loved him who gave you the power of love! You have not loved him from whose creative hands you came a few years ago! What an unnatural wickedness is this! What were you an hundred years ago? You were nothing; and jou would have continued so to all eternity, had he not spoke you into being. And yet you have not sincerely loved him to this moment! Most astonishing! Must you not tremble at and abominate yourselves as the vilest and most unnatural monsters? Should the child that received his being from you in a subordinate sense, the child you dandled upon your knees, and for whom you are now laboriously making provision, mould he hate the sight of you, shun your company, and do nothing to please you, how would you take it? Would you not think the unnatural miscreant unworthy of life? And yet thus you have treated your

heavenly heavenly Father, to whom you were under much, higher, and more endearing obligations. You have treated him as only a despised broken idol, in whom you could take no pleasure. And are you pleased with yourselves notwithstanding? shall not such a shocking prodigy, at which angels gaze with horror, be struck with horror at itself ?—Should all the world treat God as you have done, what would be the consequence? Why, there would not be one lover of God to be found among all the numerous race of man. And yet, if you have a right to hate him, they have too. Have you any peculiar indulgence in this case? Can you produce an exemption from that universal law, Thou jhalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart? &c. You see then whither your conduct leads, and do you not shudder to think of it? And can you imagine yourselves innocent still? Do you think you have tolerably good hearts for all? I am sure your reason, if it be not entirely lost, will not allow you to think so.

3. This is a most ungrateful wickedness. Think what God has done for you; how many mercies he has given you, as many mercies as moments; think how many deliverances he has wrought for you; see what a well-furnished world he has formed for your accommodation.—Think, O think, of the love and sufferings of Jesus; fee the abasement, the labours, the hardships of his life; see the agonies of his crucisixion; see the crown of thorns, the mangled visage, the disjointed limbs, the flowing blood, the bursting heart, the dying pangs of your blessed Redeemer. O! think upon, and view these things, and then fay, what do you think of your enmity against him after all this? Can ingratitude rise to a higher pitch? O! is this your return for all the kindness of God? for all the love of Jesus? There was something very cutting in his question to the Jews, Many good works have I done among you. I have never provoked you by any thing but good works; and for which of these do you stone me? John x. 32. This may be easily accommodated to

■ you. you. Many kind actions has he done to you, many grievous sufferings has he undergone for you; and for which of these do you hate him? O must not such an expostulation wound you to the heart, and melt you down at his feet in the deepest repentance? Ot can you continue enemies to the very cross of Christ? Must not that disarm your resentment, and dissolve your hearts, hard as they are, into the most tender love?

4. This is a most comprehensive wickedness. You are repeatedly told, that love is the fulsilling of the law. Rom. xiii. 8, 10. James xi. 8. The sirst and great commandment upon which (with a like precept with regard to our neighbour) the whole law and the prophets depend, is, Thou foalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, &c. that is, love is the root, the principle, the substance of all obedience, because it constrains a man to a cheerful observance of every divine precept, and naturally disposes him to a dutiful conduct. Now if love be the fulsilling of the whole law, it follows, that the want of love is the breach of the whole law: it is dashing the two tables of the law in pieces at once. As love is the principle of all obedience, so enmity is the principle of all disobedience j and while this reigns in your hearts, it diffuses a deadly poison through every thing you do; and you cannot perform one action acceptable to God. All your endeavours are but the treacherous flattery of an enemy, or the forced homage of a rebel obliged to feign submiffion. In short, the want of love to God is the want of every thing that is morally good: it is the root of all evil; it is a complication of all wickedness; a summary, nay, I may say, the sum total of all disobedience and rebellion. And can you any longer build your hopes on the fewness or smallness of your sins? Alas! while you are possessed of this temper, your hearts are full of every evil. This renders not only your actions, your words, and thoughts of every kind, guilty and vile, but the stated, settled bent and disposition position of your minds, most wicked and abominable.* And must you not fall on your faces before your injured Sovereign, and cry, Guilty, guilty ?—But,

5. This is a most inexcusable wickedness. Your mouth must be stopped, and you have no plea left to excuse or extenuate it. You cannot plead here, as you do in some other things, '• There are so many different denominations in the world, so many different opinions about religion, that I know not what to choose;" for here, as I told you, all are agreed. They are all unanimous in this, that love to God is essential to religion. Not only all denominations of Christians, but Jews, Mahometans, Heathens, and all that believe the existence of a God, confess this. And are you of a religion that does not include the love of God in it? It is the religion of devils, or rather it is the most diabolical irreligion. I insist the more boldly upon this point, because it is a catholic truth, free from all suspicion of party. You cannot plead that you have no time for the exercise of love to God; for love is not the work of the hands, but of the heart; and may be performed while you are engaged in other business. Can you not think affectionately of a friend behind a counter, or over a plough? So you might love God, and yet follow your daily employments.—Nor can you excuse yourselves from your inability; for God has implanted the passion of love in your nature, and you sind it easy to love other things: you can love the world, you can love a child or a friend, and why cannot you love God? The act of love is the fame in both cases, and one would think it would be an easier thing for you to love him who is the Supreme Excellence, than imperfect creatures, whose excellency is limited, or mingled with many hateful qualities.— Whence then is your inability in this case? It is nothing else but the strength of your enmity; that is,

Vol. III. P you you are so disaffected to the ever-blessed God, that you cannot love him; and does this lessen your crime? Do the inveteracy and rancour of your enmity excuse it? Alas! that is its most dreadful aggravation. O! how wicked must you be when you are so disaffected to the God that made you, and the Saviour that died for you, that you cannot prevail upon your hearts to love him! Farther, Have you tried what can be done to root out and subdue this enmity by the power of the Holy Spirit? Have you cried to God in earnest prayer, and used all means for that end? If not, it is plain you are an enemy to God, and love to continue so: you hate him, and practically insist upon it you do right. Nor can you pretend ignorance in this case; for your own conscience tells you, it is your duty to love God. In short, you are intirely inexcusable: you sin against the full conviction of your own minds, and you must join with God, angels and men, in your own condemnation.

* When the omniscient God views you asleep, when all the powers of action are suspended, what can he say of you but this, "Here lies an enemy of God?"

6. This temper, if it continue, will certainly exclude you from the kingdom of heaven. Alas! what would you do there with your disaffected hearts ?—« Heaven would be an enemy's country to you. What pleasure could you have in the society or service of that God whom you hate? in those exercises and enjoyments for which you have no relish? Could you be happy in the practice of eternal flattery, bowing and singing insincere complimental praises to an enemy I Could you affect the society there? There is not one like you in all that innumerable assembly: they all love that God whom you disgust. And with what pleasure could you mingle among them? How could you live in aycountry where the laws, the customs, the employments, the disposition of the inhabitants, are all contrary to your temper? O! you need no sentence from your Judge to exclude you, you would exclude yourselves, and choose to mingle with your fellow-devils :.—Which leads me to add,

7. This

7. This temper, if it continue, will certainly lead you to hell. You are sit for no other place. Where should the enemies of God be, but in an infernal prison? There is the fame propriety in it as in shutting up madmen in bedlam, or rebels in a dungeon. Why, you are devilized already; you have the very temper of devils: enmity to God is the grand constituent of a devil; the worst ingredient in that infernal composition; and this you have in your hearts, and, as it were, incorporated with your habitual temper. And what do you think will become of you? Judge yourselves, must you not be doomed to that everlasting sire, which was prepared for the devil and his angels, whom you resemble?

Here I must subjoin, that if ever you are brought to love God, it must be in this world. In heaven and hell no new dispositions are planted; but those that are found prevalent in the foul will ripen and grow to perfection. None begin to grow wicked in hell, or to love God in heaven: the feeds are all sown in the present state, which then spring up to maturity. Therefore, if you would ever have the love of God shed abroad in your hearts, now, now is the time; now or never.

But, " What means (you will fay) shall I use for this purpose ?"—Here I must be but short: but if you are really in earnest, you will easily understand the shortest hints.

1. Labour to be deeply sensible of the aggravated sinfulness and danger of your present state. Deeply impress your minds with this. Check the levity of your minds, and indulge a serious, anxious, sorrowful temper; for your case really requires it.

2. Be deeply sensible of the necessity of divine grace to change your hearts, and inspire you with divine love. The disease is so far gone, you cannot heal yourselves; but, blessed be God, He is able, He is able to make such an enemy as you his hearty friend and dutiful subject. Therefore,.

3. Betake yourselves to earnest prayer; and confess your guilt, your vileness, your liableness to divine displeasure: cry for his Spirit to shed abroad his love in your hearts: here let your petitions centre; for this is the main thing. Endeavour to devote yourselves to him, to give up your disaffected hearts to him, to bow that rebellious foul at his feet.

4. Meditate upon the glory of God, his kindness to you, the love and sufferings of Christ, and such subjects as tend to beget and inflame your love to him.

5. Be not weary in the use of these means, but persevere, hold on, until you sind a thorough change produced in your hearts. Your eternal All is concerned; therefore be not remiss and careless; be not soon tired or discouraged. Never give over until your last breath; and who knows but that hostile spirit of yours may soon become the friend of God, and at length shine among His celestial friends in all their transcendent glories and ineffable and eternal felicity! Amen.

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