1:1 The elder unto the a elect b lady and her children, 1 whom I love in the truth; and not I only, but also all they that have known the truth;
(a) This is not a proper name, but is to be taken as it sounds that is to say, the worthy and noble lady. 1:3 Grace be with you, mercy, [and] peace, from God the Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father, in
(b) Excellent and honourable woman. (1) The bond of Christian union is the true and constant profession of the truth.
(c) truth and love. 1:4 2 I rejoiced greatly that I found of thy children walking in d truth, as we have received a commandment from the Father.
(c) With true knowledge which always has love united with it, and following it.
(2) This true profession consists both in love towards one another which the Lord has commanded, and also especially in wholesome and sound doctrine, which also is delivered to us: for the commandment of God is a sound and sure foundation both of the rule of conduct and of doctrine, and these cannot be separated from one another, 1:7 3 For many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist.
(d) According as the truth directs them.
(3) Antichrists fighting against the person and office of Christ had already crept into the Church, in the time of the apostles. 1:8 4 e Look to yourselves, that we lose not those things which we have wrought, but that we receive a full reward.
(4) He that makes shipwreck of doctrine, loses all. 1:10 5 If there come any unto you, and bring not this doctrine, receive him not into [your] house, neither bid him God speed:
(e) Beware, and take good heed.
(5) We should have nothing to do with those who defend perverse doctrine.