And the Amorites which dwelt in the mountain
Elsewhere called Canaanites, being one, and a principal one of the seven nations of Canaan, and who were joined and assisted in the attack by the Amalekites, ( Numbers 14:45 )
came out against you, and chased you, as bees do;
which being disturbed in their hives come out in great numbers, and with great fury and ardour (for, though a small creature, it has a great deal of spirit); and pursue the aggressor, and leave him not till they have stung him, though thereby they lose their stings, and quickly their lives, at least their usefulness; so these Amorites, being irritated at the approach of the Israelites on their borders, came out in great numbers and with great wrath, and fell upon them and smote them, and pursued them a long way, as is after expressed, though these in the issue were destroyed themselves. The Syriac version renders it, "as bees that are smoked": or irritated by smoke; which is a method that has been used, and was anciently: to dispossess them of their hives, and get their honey, as Bochart F16 from various writers has shown, as from Virgil F17, Ovid F18, and others; and when they are too much smoked become exceeding angry as Aristotle F19 and Pliny F20 observe; and which same writers take notice of the strength and force of their stings, as that they will kill with them the largest animals, even horses have been killed by them; and, though such small feeble creatures, are not afraid to attack men and beasts; yea, sometimes people have been obliged to leave their habitations, and have been driven out of their country by them, of which Aelianus F21 gives an instance; all which shows the aptness and propriety of this simile; see ( Psalms 118:12 ) and destroyed you in Seir, even unto Hormah; pursued them as far as Mount Seir, even to another place on the borders of Edom, which was called Hormah, either from the destruction now or afterwards made here; (See Gill on Numbers 14:45), though some take it not to be the proper name of a place, but an appellative, and render it, "even unto destruction"; so the Jerusalem Targum; that is, destroyed them with an utter destruction.
F16 Hierozoic, par. 2. l. 4. c. 10. col. 507.
F17 "-----Fumosque manu" Virgil. Georgic. l. 4. v. 230.
F18 "Quid, cum suppositos" Ovid. de Remed. Amor. l. 1. v. 185.
F19 Hist. Animal. l. 9. c. 40.
F20 Nat Hist. l. 11. c. 16, 18.
F21 De Animal. l. 17. c. 35.