Come against her from the utmost border
Or, "from the end" F1; from the end of the earth; from the Persian gulf, and the Caspian sea, on which the Persians and Medes bordered; from the most distant countries; for the Medes and Persians, who are here called unto, brought others along with them in their army from places still more remote; for this is not to be understood, with the Targum, of entering into Babylon on one "side"; or, with Jarchi, of beginning at one "end" of the city, that it might not be known, and be taken suddenly: open her storehouses;
where her gold, silver, jewels, and other precious things, lay: or, her barns or "granaries" F2, as the Targum and Kimchi; where the fruits and increase of the earth were laid up; and may figuratively design her cities and fortified places, full of inhabitants, as well as of riches and stores of all kinds: cast her up as heaps;
as heaps of rubbish to make a causeway of, and then tread upon them to make it smooth: or, "as heaps", or "sheaves"
F3 of corn; tread upon them as oxen do, and thereby thresh them out; so Jarchi interprets it,
``thresh her as grains of wheat;''and to this sense the Targum refers,
``consume her substance as they consume heaps of wheat;''see ( Revelation 18:12-14 ) ; and destroy her utterly: let nothing of her be left;
of the city of Babylon, its inhabitants, wealth, and riches; so complete should the destruction be, ( Revelation 18:8 Revelation 18:21-23 ) .
F1 (Uqm) "a fine", Vatablus, Montanus, Schmidt; "a fine terrae", Piscator; "ab extremis finibus", Tigurine version, Grotius.
F2 (hyobam) "horrea ejus", Montanus, Cocceius; "granaria ejus", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Schmidt.
F3 (Mymre wmk) "sicut acervos, sub. tritici", Vatablus; "frumenti", Piscator.