Luke 19

Luke 19:1-10 . ZACCHEUS THE PUBLICAN.

27. bring hither, &c.--(Compare 1 Samuel 15:32 1 Samuel 15:33 ). Referring to the awful destruction of Jerusalem, but pointing to the final destruction of all that are found in open rebellion against Christ.

Luke 19:28-44 . CHRIST'S TRIUMPHANT ENTRY INTO JERUSALEM AND TEARS OVER IT.

29-38. Bethphage--"house of figs," a village which with Bethany lay along the further side of Mount Olivet, east of Jerusalem.

30. whereon,

31. the Lord hath need, &c.--He both knew all and had the key of disciple.

35. set Jesus on--He allowing this, as befitting the state He was for the first and only time assuming.

37. whole multitude, &c.--The language here is very grand, intended to express a burst of admiration far wider and deeper than ever had been witnessed before.

38. Blessed be the King, &c.--Mark ( mark 11:9 mark 11:10 ) more fully, "Hosanna," that is, "Save now," the words of Psalms 118:25 , which were understood to refer to Messiah; and so they add, "to the Son of David, blessed is He that cometh in the name of the Lord ( Psalms 118:26 ), Hosanna in the highest." This was the very loftiest style in which He could be saluted as the promised Deliverer.
peace,

40. the stones, &c.--Hitherto the Lord had discouraged all demonstrations in His favor; latterly He had begun an opposite course; on this one occasion He seems to yield His whole soul to the wide and deep acclaim with a mysterious satisfaction, regarding it as so necessary a part of the regal dignity in which as Messiah He for this last time entered the city, that if not offered by the vast multitude, it would have been wrung out of the stones rather than be withheld ( Habakkuk 2:11 ).

41-44. when beheld . . . wept--Compare Lamentations 3:51 , "Mine eye affecteth mine heart"; the heart again affecting the eye. Under this sympathetic law of the relation of mind and body, Jesus, in His beautiful, tender humanity, was constituted even as we. What a contrast to the immediately preceding profound joy! He yielded Himself alike freely to both.

42. at least in this, &c.--even at this moving moment.
thy peace--thinking perhaps of the name of the city. ( Hebrews 7:2 ) [WEBSTER and WILKINSON]. How much is included in this word!
now . . . hid--It was His among His last open efforts to "gather them," but their eyes were judicially closed.

43. a trench--a rampart; first of wood, and when this was burnt, a built wall, four miles in circuit, built in three days--so determined were they. This "cut off all hope of escape," and consigned the city to unparalleled horrors. (See JOSEPHUS, Wars of the Jews, 6.2; 12.3,4.) All here predicted was with dreadful literally fulfilled.

Luke 19:45-48 . SECOND CLEANSING OF THE TEMPLE AND SUBSEQUENT TEACHING.

45, 46. As the first cleansing was on His first visit to Jerusalem ( John 2:13-22 ), so this second cleansing was on His last.
den of thieves--banded together for plunder, reckless of principle. The mild term "house of merchandise," used on the former occasion, was now unsuitable.

47. sought--continued seeking, that is, daily, as He taught.

48. were very attentive to hear him--hung upon His words.

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