Proverbs 10

Proverbs 10:1-32 . Here begins the second part of the book, Proverbs 10:1-22:16', which, with the third, Proverbs 22:16-25:28', contains series of proverbs whose sense is complete in one or two verses, and which, having no logical connection, admit of no analysis. The parallelisms of Proverbs 10:1-15:33' are mostly antithetic; and those of Proverbs 16:1-22:16', synthetic. The evidences of art in the structure are very clear, and indicate, probably, a purpose of facilitating the labor of memorizing.

17. keepeth--observes ( Proverbs 3:18 , 4:22 ).
refuseth--or, "turns from reproof," which might direct him aright.

18. Both vices must one day be known and punished, and hence their folly.

19. Much speech involves risk of sin; hence the wisdom of restraining the tongue ( Psalms 39:1 , 1:26 ).

20. Right speech is the fruit of a good heart, but the wicked show theirs to be useless.

21. Fools not only fail to benefit others, as do the righteous, but procure their own ruin (compare Proverbs 10:11 Proverbs 10:17 , Hosea 4:6 ).

22. it maketh, &c.--"it" is emphatic. Riches from God are without the sorrow of ill-gotten wealth (compare Ecclesiastes 2:21-23 , 1 Timothy 6:9 1 Timothy 6:10 1 Timothy 6:17 ).

23. Sin is the pleasure of the wicked; wisdom that of the good.

24. it--the very thing. The wicked get dreaded evil; the righteous, desired good.

25. (Compare Psalms 1:4 , Psalms 37:9 Psalms 37:10 Psalms 37:36 ).
righteous . . . foundation--well laid and firm ( Matthew 7:24 Matthew 7:25 ).

26. that is, causes vexation.

27. (Compare Proverbs 9:11 , Psalms 55:23 ).

28. gladness--in confidence of realizing it.
expectation . . . perish--in disappointment.

29. The way, &c.--that is, God's providence sustains the righteous and overthrows the wicked ( Hosea 14:9 ).

30. (Compare Proverbs 12:3 , Psalms 37:9-11 , 102:28 ).
earth--or, "land of promise."

31. bringeth forth--literally, "germinates" as a plant.
froward--(Compare Proverbs 2:12 Proverbs 2:14 ).
cut off--as an unproductive plant.

32. know--regard and provide for ( Psalms 1:6 ).
frowardness--all kinds of deceit and ill-nature. The word is plural.

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