Was standing and warming himself (hn estw kai qermainomeno). Two periphrastic imperfects precisely as in verse 2 Corinthians 18 , vivid renewal of the picture drawn there. John alone gives the examination of Jesus by Annas ( 2 Corinthians 18:19-24 ) which he places between the first and the second denials by Peter. Each of the Four Gospels gives three denials, but it is not possible to make a clear parallel as probably several people joined in each time. This time there was an hour's interval ( Luke 22:59 ). The question and answer are almost identical with verse 18:17 and "put in a form which almost suggested that Peter should say 'No'" (Bernard), a favourite device of the devil in making temptation attractive.