Which knew (o gnou). Articular participle (second aorist active, punctiliar and timeless). The one who knows. So as to mh etoimasa h poihsa (does not make ready or do). Shall be beaten with many stripes (darhsetai polla). Second future passive of derw, to skin, to beat, to flay see on "Mt 21:35"; see also Mark 12:3Mark 12:5 ). The passive voice retains here the accusative polla (supply plhga, present in Luke 10:30 ). The same explanation applies to oliga in verse Luke 12:48 .