For all the nations (pasin toi eqnesin). Mark alone has this phrase from Isaiah 56:7 ; Jeremiah 7:11 . The people as well as the temple authorities were guilty of graft, extortion, and desecration of the house of prayer. Jesus assumes and exercises Messianic authority and dares to smite this political and financial abuse. Some people deny the right of the preacher to denounce such abuses in business and politics even when they invade the realm of morals and religion. But Jesus did not hesitate.