And the Pharisees came forth (kai exhlqon oi Parisaioi). At once they met Jesus and opened a controversy. Matthew 16:1 adds "and Sadducees," the first time these two parties appear together against Jesus. See discussion on Matthew 16:1 . The Pharisees and Herodians had already joined hands against Jesus in the sabbath controversy ( Mark 3:6 ). They began to question with him (hrxanto sunzhtein autwi). Dispute, not mere inquiry, associative instrumental case of autoi. They began at once and kept it up (present infinitive).