A prisoner of Christ Jesus (desmio Cristou Ihsou). As verse Ephesians 9 and in Ephesians 3:1 ; Ephesians 4:1 . Old adjective from desmo (bond, dew, to bind). Apparently used here on purpose rather than apostolo as more effective with Philemon and a more touching occasion of pride as Paul writes with his manacled right hand. Timothy (Timoqeo). With Paul in Ephesus ( Acts 19:22 ) and probably known to Philemon. Associated with Paul also in I and II Thess., II Cor., Philipp., Col. To Philemon (Pilhmoni). A resident of Colossae and a convert of Paul's (verse Acts 19 ), perhaps coming to Ephesus while Paul was there when his ministry had so much influence over the province of Asia ( Acts 19:9, 26Acts 26 ; 1 Corinthians 16:19 ). The name Philemon occurs in the legend of Baucis and Philemon (Ovid's Metamorphoses), but with no connection with the brother here. He was active in the church in Colossae ("our co-worker," sunergwi hmwn) and was beloved (agaphtwi) by Paul.