The two olive trees (ai duo elaiai). The article seems to point to what is known. For this original use of elaia see Romans 11:17Romans 11:24 . In Zechariah 4:2Zechariah 4:3Zechariah 4:14 the lampstand or candlestick (lucnia) is Israel, and the two olive trees apparently Joshua and Zerubbabel, but John makes his own use of this symbolism. Here the two olive trees and the candlesticks are identical. Standing (estwte). Masculine perfect active participle agreeing with outoi instead of estwsai (read by P and cursives) agreeing with elaiai kai lucniai, even though ai (feminine plural article) be accepted before enwpion tou kuriou (before the Lord).