He that overcometh (o nikwn). Absolute nominative again as in 1 Corinthians 3:12 , but resumed this time by the dative autwi as in 1 Corinthians 2:26 . To sit (kaqisai). First aorist active infinitive of kaqizw. This promise grows out of the prophecy that the saints will share in the Messiah's rule, made to the twelve ( Matthew 19:28 ; Luke 22:29 ), repeated by Paul ( 1 Corinthians 6:2 ), enlarged in Revelation 22:1-5 (to last forever, 2 Timothy 2:11 ). James and John took this hope and promise literally ( Mark 10:40 ) not metaphorically. As I also overcame (w kagw enikhsa). First aorist active indicative of nikaw, looking back on the victory as over in the past. In John 16:33 before the Cross Jesus says Egw nenikhka ton kosmon (perfect active), emphasizing the abiding effect of the victory. Sat down (ekaqisa). "I took my seat" ( Hebrews 1:3 ) where Christ is now ( Revelation 22:3 ; Colossians 3:1 ). Cf. 1 John 5:4 ; Revelation 2:27 . Each of these seven messages begins alike and ends alike. Each is the message of the Christ and of the Holy Spirit to the angel of the church. Each has a special message suited to the actual condition of each church. In each case the individual who overcomes has a promise of blessing. Christ the Shepherd knows his sheep and lays bare the particular peril in each case.