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I. The Approaching Punishment of Israel and Judah (Micah 1:1–2:13)

1:1 Micah introduces himself as one who received the word of the Lord. God came to him. Micah may have lived under the rule of three earthly kings—Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah—but he was in service to the one whose kingdom rules over all.

1:8-16 Micah responds to his own message with weeping (1:8). He feels the pain of seeing the people of the kingdom being removed from the land—many under the threat of death. Even Judah would suffer from the influence of idolatry and the resulting scorn when the surrounding nations rejoiced over its demise (1:9). Micah grieves over the Judean towns that would be laid waste—including his hometown of Moresheth-gath (1:11-15). He calls on his countrymen to shave themselves bald, a sign of intense mourning (1:16).

2:1-5 Even though the prophet would prefer to see God’s people blessed, he clearly sees the reason for judgment: Woe to those who dream up wickedness and prepare evil plans on their beds! At morning light they accomplish it because the power is in their hands (2:1). In addition, the rich and powerful leaders prepare plans to take farms, homes, and inheritances (2:2). But, God has plans for those who carry out such injustice. Because the leaders deprive the innocent of their land, they will be removed from the land themselves (2:3-5).

2:6-11 What does Micah hear in response to his faithful proclamation of God’s word? Quit your preaching. When a kingdom man speaks God’s truth, the unrighteous don’t want to hear it (see the response to Stephen in Acts 7:57). Therefore, like ostriches with their heads in the sand, Micah’s audience insisted that none of these judgments would come upon them (2:6). They preferred a preacher who would preach about wine and beer—indulgence and pleasure (2:11).

2:12-13 Even though most of the people had rejected him, God would collect a remnant of his people. Like a faithful shepherd, he would gather his lost sheep (2:12)—just as the good shepherd, Jesus Christ, would do one day (see John 10:11-18). God himself will save his people: Their King will pass through before them, the Lord as their leader (12:13).

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