Directions concerning burnt - offerings: A bullock, ver. 1 - 9.
A sheep, goat, lamb, or kid, ver. 10 - 13.
A turtle dove, or young pigeon, ver. 14 - 17.
|1:1||Moses - Stood without, Exodus 40:35 , waiting for God's call.The tabernacle - From the mercy - seat in the tabernacle.|
|1:2||There are divers kinds of sacrifices here prescribed, some by way of acknowledgment to God for mercies either desired or received; others by was of satisfaction to God for men's sins; others were mere exercises of devotion. And the reason why there were so many kinds of them was, partly a respect to the childish state of the Jews, who by the custom of nations, and their own natural inclinations were much addicted to outward rites and ceremonies, that they might have full employment of that kind in Gods's service, and thereby be kept from temptations to idolatry; and partly to represent as well the several perfections of Christ, the true sacrifice, and the various benefits of his death, as the several duties which men owe to their Creator and Redeemer, all which could not be so well expressed by one sort of sacrifice. Of the flock - Or, Of the sheep; though the Hebrew word contains both the sheep and goats.Now God chose these creatures for his sacrifices, either, ||1:3||A burnt sacrifice - Strictly so called, such as was to be all burnt, the skin excepted. For every sacrifice was burnt, more or less. The sacrifices signified that the whole man, in whose stead the sacrifice was offered, was to be entirely offered or devoted to God's service; and that the whole man did deserve to be utterly consumed, if God should deal severely with him; and directed us to serve the Lord with all singleness of heart, and to be ready to offer to God even such sacrifices or services wherein we ourselves should have no part or benefit. A male - As being more perfect than the female, Malachi 1:14 , and more truly representing Christ. Without blemish - To signify, ||1:4||He shall put his hand - Both his hands, Leviticus 8:14 ,18, and Leviticus 16:21 . Whereby he signified,||1:5||And he - Either, ||1:6||Pieces - Namely, the head, and fat, and inwards, and legs, Leviticus 1:8 ,9.||1:7||Put fire - Or, dispose the fire, that is, blow it up, and put it together, so as it might be fit for the present work. For the fire there used and allowed came down from heaven, Leviticus 9:24 , and was to be carefully preserved there, and all other fire was forbidden, Leviticus 10:1 , &c.||1:8||The fat - All the fat was to be separated from the flesh, and to be put together, to increase the flame, and to consume the other parts of the sacrifice more speedily.||1:9||But the inwards shall he wash - To signify the universal and perfect purity both of the inwards, or the heart, and of the legs, or ways or actions, which was in Christ, and which should be in all Christians.And he washed not only the parts now mentioned, but all the rest, the trunk of the body, and the shoulders. A sweet savour - Not in itself, for so it rather caused a stink, but as it represented Christ's offering up himself to God as a sweet smelling savour.||1:11||North - ward - Here this and other kinds of sacrifices were killed, Leviticus 6:25 , and Leviticus 7:2 , because here seems to have been thelargest and most convenient place for that work, the altar being probably near the middle of the east - end of the building, and the entrance being on the south - side. Besides this might design the place of Christ's death both more generally, in Jerusalem, which was in the sides of the north, Psalms 48:2 , and more specially,on mount Calvary, which was on the north - west side of Jerusalem.||1:14||Turtle - doves - These birds were appointed for the poor who could not bring better. And these birds are preferred before others, partly because they were easily gotten, and partly because they are fit representations of Christ's chastity, and meekness, and gentleness, for which these birds are remarkable. The pigeons must be young, because then they are best; but the turtle - doves are better when they are grown up, and therefore they are not confined to that age.||1:15||His head - From the rest of the body; as sufficiently appears, because this was to be burnt by itself, and the body afterwards, Leviticus 1:17 .And whereas it is said Leviticus 5:8 .He shall - wring his head from his neck, but shall not divide it asunder, that is spoken not of the burnt - offering as here, but of the sin - offering.||1:16||With its feathers - Or, with its dung or filth, contained in the crop and in the guts. On the east - Of the Tabernacle. Here the filth was cast, because this was the remotest place from the holy of holies, which was in the west - end; to teach us, that impure things and persons should not presume to approach to God, and that they should be banished from his presence. The place of the ashes - Where the ashes fell down and lay, whence they were afterwards removed without the camp.||1:17||He shall cleave the bird through the whole length, yet so as not to separate the one side from the other. A sweet savour unto the Lord - Yet after all, to love God with all our hearts, and to love our neighbour as ourselves, is better than all burnt - offerings and sacrifices.|