1 Peter 4

Following Christ

1 Therefore, since Christ suffered[a] in the flesh,[b] arm yourselves also with the same resolve[c]-because the One who suffered in the flesh[d] has finished with sin[e] [f]-
2 in order to live the remaining time in the flesh,[g] no longer for human desires,[h] but for God's will.
3 For there has already been enough time spent in doing the will of the pagans:[i] carrying on in unrestrained behavior, evil desires, drunkenness, orgies, carousing, and lawless idolatry.[j]
4 In regard to this, they are surprised that you don't plunge with them into the same flood[k] of dissipation-and they slander you.
5 They will give an account to the One who stands ready to judge the living and the dead.[l]
6 For this reason the gospel was also preached to [those who are now] dead, so that, although they might be judged by men in the fleshly realm,[m] they might live by God in the spiritual realm.[n]

End-Time Ethics

7 Now the end of all things is near;[o] therefore, be clear-headed and disciplined for prayer.
8 Above all, keep your love for one another at full strength, since love covers a multitude of sins. [p] [q]
9 Be hospitable to one another without complaining.
10 Based on the gift they have received, everyone should use it to serve others,[r] as good managers of the varied grace of God.
11 If anyone speaks, [his speech should be] like the oracles of God; if anyone serves, [his service should be] from the strength God provides,[s] so that in everything God may be glorified[t] through Jesus Christ. To Him belong the glory and the power forever and ever. Amen.

Christian Suffering

12 Dear friends, when the fiery ordeal[u] arises among you to test you, don't be surprised by it, as if something unusual were happening to you.[v]
13 Instead, as you share in the sufferings of the Messiah rejoice,[w] so that you may also rejoice with great joy at the revelation of His glory.
14 If you are ridiculed for the name of Christ,[x] you are blessed, because the Spirit of glory and of God rests on[y] you.[z]
15 None of you, however, should suffer as a murderer, a thief, an evildoer, or as a meddler.[aa]
16 But if [anyone suffers] as a Christian, he should not be ashamed, but should glorify God with that name.
17 For the time has come for judgment to begin with God's household;[ab] and if it begins with us, what will the outcome be for those who disobey the gospel of God?[ac]
18 And if the righteous is saved with difficulty, what will become of the ungodly and the sinner? [ad]
19 So those who suffer according to God's will should, in doing good, entrust themselves[ae] to a faithful Creator.

Images for 1 Peter 4

1 Peter 4 Commentary

Chapter 4

The consideration of Christ's sufferings is urged for purity and holiness. (1-6) And the approaching end of the Jewish state, as a reason for sobriety, watchfulness, and prayer. (7-11) Believers encouraged to rejoice and glory in reproaches and sufferings for Christ, and to commit their souls to the care of a faithful God. (12-19)

Verses 1-6 The strongest and best arguments against sin, are taken from the sufferings of Christ. He died to destroy sin; and though he cheerfully submitted to the worst sufferings, yet he never gave way to the least sin. Temptations could not prevail, were it not for man's own corruption; but true Christians make the will of God, not their own lust or desires, the rule of their lives and actions. And true conversion makes a marvellous change in the heart and life. It alters the mind, judgment, affections, and conversation. When a man is truly converted, it is very grievous to him to think how the time past of his life has been spent. One sin draws on another. Six sins are here mentioned which have dependence one upon another. It is a Christian's duty, not only to keep from gross wickedness, but also from things that lead to sin, or appear evil. The gospel had been preached to those since dead, who by the proud and carnal judgment of wicked men were condemned as evil-doers, some even suffering death. But being quickened to Divine life by the Holy Spirit, they lived to God as his devoted servants. Let not believers care, though the world scorns and reproaches them.

Verses 7-11 The destruction of the Jewish church and nation, foretold by our Saviour, was very near. And the speedy approach of death and judgment concerns all, to which these words naturally lead our minds. Our approaching end, is a powerful argument to make us sober in all worldly matters, and earnest in religion. There are so many things amiss in all, that unless love covers, excuses, and forgives in others, the mistakes and faults for which every one needs the forbearance of others, Satan will prevail to stir up divisions and discords. But we are not to suppose that charity will cover or make amends for the sins of those who exercise it, so as to induce God to forgive them. The nature of a Christian's work, which is high work and hard work, the goodness of the Master, and the excellence of the reward, all require that our endeavours should be serious and earnest. And in all the duties and services of life, we should aim at the glory of God as our chief end. He is a miserable, unsettled wretch, who cleaves to himself, and forgets God; is only perplexed about his credit, and gain, and base ends, which are often broken, and which, when he attains, both he and they must shortly perish together. But he who has given up himself and his all to God, may say confidently that the Lord is his portion; and nothing but glory through Christ Jesus, is solid and lasting; that abideth for ever.

Verses 12-19 By patience and fortitude in suffering, by dependence on the promises of God, and keeping to the word the Holy Spirit hath revealed, the Holy Spirit is glorified; but by the contempt and reproaches cast upon believers, he is evil spoken of, and is blasphemed. One would think such cautions as these were needless to Christians. But their enemies falsely charged them with foul crimes. And even the best of men need to be warned against the worst of sins. There is no comfort in sufferings, when we bring them upon ourselves by our own sin and folly. A time of universal calamity was at hand, as foretold by our Saviour, Mt. 24:9, Mt. 24:10 . And if such things befall in this life, how awful will the day of judgment be! It is true that the righteous are scarcely saved; even those who endeavour to walk uprightly in the ways of God. This does not mean that the purpose and performance of God are uncertain, but only the great difficulties and hard encounters in the way; that they go through so many temptations and tribulations, so many fightings without and fears within. Yet all outward difficulties would be as nothing, were it not for lusts and corruptions within. These are the worst clogs and troubles. And if the way of the righteous be so hard, then how hard shall be the end of the ungodly sinner, who walks in sin with delight, and thinks the righteous is a fool for all his pains! The only way to keep the soul well, is, to commit it to God by prayer, and patient perseverance in well-doing. He will overrule all to the final advantage of the believer.

Footnotes 31

  • [a]. Other mss read suffered for us
  • [b]. In the flesh probably means "in human existence"; see 1 Pt 3:18.
  • [c]. Or perspective, or attitude
  • [d]. In the flesh probably means "in human existence"; see 1 Pt 3:18.
  • [e]. Or the one who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin
  • [f]. Rm 6:2,7
  • [g]. In the flesh probably means "in human existence"; see 1 Pt 3:18.
  • [h]. Lit for desires of human beings
  • [i]. Or Gentiles
  • [j]. Rm 13:13; Gl 5:19-21; Eph 2:2-3; Ti 3:3
  • [k]. Lit you don't run with them into the same pouring out
  • [l]. Ac 10:42; Rm 14:9; 2 Tm 4:1
  • [m]. Or in the flesh
  • [n]. Or in the spirit
  • [o]. Rm 13:11-12; 1 Jn 2:18
  • [p]. Jms 5:20
  • [q]. Pr 10:12
  • [r]. 1 Co 12:7
  • [s]. Rm 12:6-8; 1 Co 15:58
  • [t]. 1 Co 10:31
  • [u]. Lit the burning
  • [v]. 1 Pt 1:6-7
  • [w]. Ac 5:41
  • [x]. Ps 89:50-51; Ac 5:41; 1 Pt 2:20
  • [y]. Isaiah 11:2; Ac 5:41; 1 Pt 2:20
  • [z]. Other mss add He is blasphemed because of them, but He is glorified because of you.
  • [aa]. Or as one who defrauds others
  • [ab]. Jr 25:29; Ezk 9:6
  • [ac]. 2 Th 1:8; 1 Pt 2:8
  • [ad]. Pr 11:31 LXX
  • [ae]. Ps 31:5

Chapter Summary


In this chapter the apostle goes on to exhort to an holy life and conversation, and to the several duties of religion, and to suffer cheerfully for the sake of Christ. From the consideration of Christ's sufferings, he exhorts the saints to arm themselves with the same mind, and cease from sin, and live no longer to the lusts of men, but to the will of God, 1Pe 4:1,2 the reason, or argument engaging to it, is taken from the past time of life, in which they walked in all manner of sin, and which ought to suffice, though they should be spoken evil of by wicked men, for not continuing therein, 1Pe 4:3,4 and to fortify their minds against such abuses, the apostle takes notice of the general judgment, when such persons must give an account for their evil speaking to the Judge of quick and dead; and that though those to whom the Gospel is preached, and embrace it, suffer death for it, being judged of men in their bodies, yet they live to God in their souls, 1Pe 4:5,6 and seeing the end of all things is near, he exhorts to various things, as to sobriety, watchfulness unto prayer, and especially to fervent charity, since that covers a multitude of sins, 1Pe 4:7,8 and to hospitality, without grudging, and to a communication of all good things, as faithful stewards of them, 1Pe 4:9,10 and particularly to the dispensation of the Gospel, according to the word of God; and to a ministration to the poor, according to a man's ability, with a view to the glory of God, by Christ, 1Pe 4:11 and next, the apostle proceeds to comfort the saints under reproaches and persecutions, and to instruct them how to behave under such circumstances; as that they should not think such things strange, though grievous, since they were for the trial of their graces, 1Pe 4:12 but should rather rejoice, since they were partakers of the sufferings of Christ now, and should share in his glory when revealed, which would make them exceeding glad, 1Pe 4:13 yea, inasmuch as it was for the name of Christ they suffered reproach, they ought to reckon themselves happy persons; since the glorious Spirit of God rested on them, and since the issue of it was, the glorifying of God by them, though he was evil spoken of by those that reproached them, 1Pe 4:14 indeed, they ought not to suffer as persons guilty of capital crimes; should they, they would have reason to be ashamed, but not since they suffered as Christians; but, on the contrary, should give glory to God for it, who had done them so much honour as to call them to it, 1Pe 4:15,16, and to reconcile their minds to sufferings, he observes, that the time was come, that afflictions should begin with the people of God, on account of which, the righteous are scarcely saved, though certainly; and that, therefore, sad must be the state of the disobedient and ungodly, even of their wicked persecutors, 1Pe 4:17,18 wherefore, upon the whole, seeing it was the will of God they should suffer, they ought to suffer patiently, and, in well doing, commit the care of their souls to their faithful Creator, 1Pe 4:19.

1 Peter 4 Commentaries

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