Deuteronomy 11

Love and Obey the LORD

1 Love the LORD your God and keep his requirements, his decrees, his laws and his commands always.
2 Remember today that your children were not the ones who saw and experienced the discipline of the LORD your God: his majesty, his mighty hand, his outstretched arm;
3 the signs he performed and the things he did in the heart of Egypt, both to Pharaoh king of Egypt and to his whole country;
4 what he did to the Egyptian army, to its horses and chariots, how he overwhelmed them with the waters of the Red Sea[a] as they were pursuing you, and how the LORD brought lasting ruin on them.
5 It was not your children who saw what he did for you in the wilderness until you arrived at this place,
6 and what he did to Dathan and Abiram, sons of Eliab the Reubenite, when the earth opened its mouth right in the middle of all Israel and swallowed them up with their households, their tents and every living thing that belonged to them.
7 But it was your own eyes that saw all these great things the LORD has done.
8 Observe therefore all the commands I am giving you today, so that you may have the strength to go in and take over the land that you are crossing the Jordan to possess,
9 and so that you may live long in the land the LORD swore to your ancestors to give to them and their descendants, a land flowing with milk and honey.
10 The land you are entering to take over is not like the land of Egypt, from which you have come, where you planted your seed and irrigated it by foot as in a vegetable garden.
11 But the land you are crossing the Jordan to take possession of is a land of mountains and valleys that drinks rain from heaven.
12 It is a land the LORD your God cares for; the eyes of the LORD your God are continually on it from the beginning of the year to its end.
13 So if you faithfully obey the commands I am giving you today—to love the LORD your God and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul—
14 then I will send rain on your land in its season, both autumn and spring rains, so that you may gather in your grain, new wine and olive oil.
15 I will provide grass in the fields for your cattle, and you will eat and be satisfied.
16 Be careful, or you will be enticed to turn away and worship other gods and bow down to them.
17 Then the LORD’s anger will burn against you, and he will shut up the heavens so that it will not rain and the ground will yield no produce, and you will soon perish from the good land the LORD is giving you.
18 Fix these words of mine in your hearts and minds; tie them as symbols on your hands and bind them on your foreheads.
19 Teach them to your children, talking about them when you sit at home and when you walk along the road, when you lie down and when you get up.
20 Write them on the doorframes of your houses and on your gates,
21 so that your days and the days of your children may be many in the land the LORD swore to give your ancestors, as many as the days that the heavens are above the earth.
22 If you carefully observe all these commands I am giving you to follow—to love the LORD your God, to walk in obedience to him and to hold fast to him—
23 then the LORD will drive out all these nations before you, and you will dispossess nations larger and stronger than you.
24 Every place where you set your foot will be yours: Your territory will extend from the desert to Lebanon, and from the Euphrates River to the Mediterranean Sea.
25 No one will be able to stand against you. The LORD your God, as he promised you, will put the terror and fear of you on the whole land, wherever you go.
26 See, I am setting before you today a blessing and a curse—
27 the blessing if you obey the commands of the LORD your God that I am giving you today;
28 the curse if you disobey the commands of the LORD your God and turn from the way that I command you today by following other gods, which you have not known.
29 When the LORD your God has brought you into the land you are entering to possess, you are to proclaim on Mount Gerizim the blessings, and on Mount Ebal the curses.
30 As you know, these mountains are across the Jordan, westward, toward the setting sun, near the great trees of Moreh, in the territory of those Canaanites living in the Arabah in the vicinity of Gilgal.
31 You are about to cross the Jordan to enter and take possession of the land the LORD your God is giving you. When you have taken it over and are living there,
32 be sure that you obey all the decrees and laws I am setting before you today.

Deuteronomy 11 Commentary

Chapter 11

The great work God wrought for Israel. (1-7) Promises and threatenings. (8-17) Careful study of God's word requisite. (18-25) The blessings and the curse set forth. (26-32)

Verses 1-7 Observe the connexion of these two; Thou shalt love the Lord, and keep his charge. Love will work in obedience, and that only is acceptable obedience which flows from a principle of ( 1 John. 5:3 ) works of God which their eyes had seen. What our eyes have seen, especially in our early days, should affect us, and make us better long afterwards.

Verses 8-17 Moses sets before them, for the future, life and death, the blessing and the curse, according as they did or did not keep God's commandment. Sin tends to shorten the days of all men, and to shorten the days of a people's prosperity. God will bless them with an abundance of all good things, if they would love him and serve him. Godliness has the promise of the life that now is; but the favour of God shall put gladness into the heart, more than the increase of corn, and wine, and oil. Revolt from God to idols would certainly be their ruin. Take heed that your hearts be not deceived. All who forsake God to set their affection upon any creature, will find themselves wretchedly deceived, to their own destruction; and this will make it worse, that it was for want of taking heed.

Verses 18-25 Let all be directed by the three rules here given. 1. Let our hearts be filled with the word of God. There will not be good practices in the life, unless there be good thoughts, good affections, and good principles in the heart. 2. Let our eyes be fixed upon the word of God, having constant regard to it as the guide of our way, as the rule of our work, ( Psalms 119:30 ) . 3. Let our tongues be employed about the word of God. Nor will any thing do more to cause prosperity, and keeping up religion in a nation, than the good education of children.

Verses 26-32 Moses sums up all the arguments for obedience in two words, the blessing and the curse. He charged the people to choose which they would have. Moses then appointed a public and solemn proclamation of the blessing and curse, to be made upon the two mountains of Gerizim and Ebal. We have broken the law, and are under its curse, without remedy from ourselves. In mercy, the gospel again sets before us a blessing and a curse. A blessing, if we obey the call to repentance, to faith in Christ, and newness of heart and life through him; an awful curse, if we neglect so great salvation. Let us thankfully welcome these glad tidings of great joy; and let us not harden our hearts, but hear this voice of God while it is called to-day, and while he invites us to come to him upon a mercy-seat. Let us be diligent to make our calling and election sure.

Cross References 61

  • 1. S Deuteronomy 6:5; Deuteronomy 10:12
  • 2. S Leviticus 8:35; Zechariah 3:7
  • 3. Deuteronomy 31:13; Psalms 78:6
  • 4. S Deuteronomy 5:24; Deuteronomy 8:5
  • 5. S Deuteronomy 3:24
  • 6. Psalms 136:12
  • 7. Exodus 7:8-21
  • 8. S Exodus 15:1
  • 9. S Exodus 14:27; S Numbers 21:4
  • 10. Numbers 16:1-35; Psalms 106:16-18
  • 11. Isaiah 24:19
  • 12. Deuteronomy 5:3
  • 13. Ezra 9:10
  • 14. Dt 31:6-7,23; Joshua 1:7
  • 15. S Deuteronomy 5:16; Deuteronomy 4:40; Proverbs 10:27
  • 16. Deuteronomy 9:5
  • 17. S Exodus 3:8
  • 18. Isaiah 11:15; Isaiah 37:25
  • 19. Ezekiel 36:4
  • 20. Deuteronomy 8:7; Nehemiah 9:25
  • 21. 1 Kings 8:29; 1 Kings 9:3
  • 22. S Deuteronomy 6:17
  • 23. S Deuteronomy 10:12
  • 24. Deuteronomy 4:29; Jeremiah 17:24
  • 25. S Leviticus 26:4; Deuteronomy 28:12; Acts 14:17
  • 26. Psalms 147:8; Jeremiah 3:3; Jeremiah 5:24; Joel 2:23; James 5:7
  • 27. Psalms 104:14
  • 28. S Leviticus 26:5; Deuteronomy 6:11
  • 29. Deuteronomy 4:19; Deuteronomy 8:19; Deuteronomy 29:18; Job 31:9,27
  • 30. Deuteronomy 6:15; Deuteronomy 9:19
  • 31. 1 Kings 8:35; 1 Kings 17:1; 2 Chronicles 6:26; 2 Chronicles 7:13
  • 32. S Leviticus 26:20
  • 33. Deuteronomy 4:26; Deuteronomy 28:12,24
  • 34. S Exodus 13:9; Deuteronomy 6:6-8
  • 35. S Exodus 12:26; Deuteronomy 6:7; Psalms 145:4; Isaiah 38:19; Jeremiah 32:39
  • 36. Deuteronomy 4:9-10
  • 37. Deuteronomy 6:9
  • 38. Job 5:26; Proverbs 3:2; Proverbs 4:10; Proverbs 9:11
  • 39. Psalms 72:5
  • 40. S Deuteronomy 6:17
  • 41. S Deuteronomy 6:5
  • 42. S Deuteronomy 10:20
  • 43. S Deuteronomy 9:5
  • 44. S Exodus 23:28
  • 45. Deuteronomy 4:38; Deuteronomy 9:1
  • 46. Genesis 15:18; Exodus 23:31; Deuteronomy 1:36; Deuteronomy 12:20; Deuteronomy 19:8; Joshua 1:3; Joshua 14:9
  • 47. S Genesis 2:14
  • 48. S Deuteronomy 2:25
  • 49. Exodus 23:27; Deuteronomy 7:24
  • 50. Psalms 24:5
  • 51. Leviticus 26:14-17; Deuteronomy 27:13-26; Deuteronomy 30:1,15,19; Lamentations 2:17; Daniel 9:11; Haggai 1:11; Malachi 2:2; Malachi 3:9; Malachi 4:6
  • 52. Deuteronomy 28:1-14; Psalms 24:5
  • 53. Deuteronomy 28:15; 2 Chronicles 24:20; Jeremiah 42:13; Jeremiah 44:16
  • 54. S Deuteronomy 4:28; Deuteronomy 13:6,13; Deuteronomy 29:26; 1 Samuel 26:19
  • 55. Judges 9:7
  • 56. Deuteronomy 27:4; Joshua 8:30
  • 57. Deuteronomy 27:12-13; Joshua 8:33; John 4:20
  • 58. S Genesis 12:6
  • 59. Joshua 4:19; Joshua 5:9; Joshua 9:6; Joshua 10:6; Joshua 14:6; Joshua 15:7; Judges 2:1; 2 Kings 2:1; Micah 6:5
  • 60. S Numbers 33:53; Deuteronomy 9:1; Joshua 1:11
  • 61. Deuteronomy 12:10; Joshua 11:23

Footnotes 1

Chapter Summary


In this chapter, the exhortation to love the Lord, and keep his commands, is repeated and urged again and again from various considerations; as not only from the chastisement of Pharaoh and the wicked Egyptians, but of such Israelites who offended the Lord, and transgressed his law, De 12:1-7, from the goodness and excellency of the land they were going to inherit, De 11:8-11, from the blessing of rain that would come upon it, and be productive of all good things for man and beast, in case of obedience, and a restraint of it in case of disobedience, De 11:12-17, from the continuance of them and their offspring in the land, should they be careful to observe the commands themselves, and teach them their children, De 11:18-21, and from the extensiveness of their conquests and dominions, De 11:22-25 and from the different issue and effects of their conduct and behaviour, a blessing upon them if obedient, but a curse if disobedient, De 11:26-28 and the chapter is concluded with an exhortation to pronounce the blessing on Mount Gerizim, and the curse on Mount Ebal; the situation of which places is described when they should come into the land of Canaan, of which they are assured, De 11:29-32.

Deuteronomy 11 Commentaries

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