• Heb. 'asar, "to bind;" hence the act of fastening animals to a cart ( 1 Samuel 6:7 1 Samuel 6:10 ; Jeremiah 46:4 , etc.).

  • An Old English word for "armour;" Heb. neshek ( 2 Chronicles 9:24 ).

  • Heb. shiryan, a coat of mail ( 1 Kings 22:34 ; 2 Chr. 18:33 ; rendered "breastplate" in Isaiah 59:17 ).

  • The children of Israel passed out of Egypt "harnessed" ( Exodus 13:18 ), i.e., in an orderly manner, and as if to meet a foe. The word so rendered is probably a derivative from Hebrew hamesh (i.e., "five"), and may denote that they went up in five divisions, viz., the van, centre, two wings, and rear-guard.

    These dictionary topics are from
    M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
    published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

    Bibliography Information

    Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Harness". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .



    A word of Celtic origin meaning "armour" in the King James Version; it is the translation of shiryan, "a coat of mail" (1 Kings 22:34; 2 Chronicles 18:33); of nesheq, "arms," "weapons" (2 Chronicles 9:24, the Revised Version (British and American) "armor"); of 'acar "to bind" (Jeremiah 46:4), "harness the horses," probably here, "yoke the horses"; compare 1 Samuel 6:7, "tie the kine to the cart" (bind them), Genesis 46:29; another rendering is "put on their accoutrements"; compare 1 Maccabees 6:43, "one of the beasts armed with royal harness" (thorax), the Revised Version (British and American) "breastplates"; compare 1 Maccabees 3:3, "warlike harness"; 1 Maccabees 6:41 (hopla), the Revised Version (British and American) "arms"; 2 Maccabees 3:25, etc.; harnessed represents chamushim, "armed," "girded" (Exodus 13:18, "The children of Israel went up harnessed," the Revised Version (British and American) "armed"). Tyndale, Cranmer, Geneva have "harnes" in Luke 11:22, Wycliff "armer."

    W. L. Walker

    Copyright Statement
    These files are public domain.

    Bibliography Information
    Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'HARNESS'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.