Mattock [N] [S]

  • Heb. ma'eder, an instrument for dressing or pruning a vineyard ( Isaiah 7:25 ); a weeding-hoe.

  • Heb. mahareshah ( 1 Samuel 13:1 ), perhaps the ploughshare or coulter.

  • Heb. herebh, marg. of text ( 2 Chronicles 34:6 ). Authorized Version, "with their mattocks," marg. "mauls." The Revised Version renders "in their ruins," marg. "with their axes." The Hebrew text is probably corrupt.

    These dictionary topics are from
    M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
    published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Mattock". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .

  • Mattock

    Hoe; spade; agricultural tool.

    And on all hills that shall be digged with the MATTOCK, there shall not come thither the fear of briers and thorns: but it shall be for the sending forth of oxen, and for the treading of lesser cattle. ( Isaiah 7:25 )

    Source: A King James Dictionary. (Used with permission. Copyright © Philip P. Kapusta)

    Bibliography Information

    "Entry for 'Mattock'". A King James Dictionary.

    Mattock. [N] [E]

    ( Isaiah 7:25 ) The tool used in Arabia for loosening the ground, described by Neibuhr, answers generally to our mattock or grubbing-axe, i.e. a single-headed pickaxe. The ancient Egyptian hoe was of wood, and answered for hoe, spade and pick.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Mattock'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.



    The translation of 3 Hebrew words:

    (1) machereshah, probably "a pick-axe" (1 Samuel 13:20,21; compare 1 Samuel 13:21 margin);

    (2) cherebh, "sword," "ax," "tool" (2 Chronicles 34:6 the King James Version, "with their mattocks," the King James Version margin "mauls," the Revised Version (British and American) "in their ruins," the Revised Version margin "with their axes");

    (3) ma`-der, "a hoe," "rake," "chopping instrument" (Isaiah 7:25). Vines were usually grown on terraces on the hills of Palestine, and then the mattock was in constant use. The usual mattock is a pick with one end broad, the other pointed.

    Copyright Statement
    These files are public domain.

    Bibliography Information
    Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'MATTOCK'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.