gal'-ba-num (chelbenah; chalbdne):

A gum-resin which occurs in small, round, semitranslucent tears or in brownish yellow masses; has a pleasant aromatic odor and a bitter taste; and is today, at any rate, imported from Persia.

It is derived from certain umbelliferous plants, Ferula galbaniflua and F. rubricaulis. It is mentioned in Exodus 30:34 as an ingredient of the holy incense, and also in Sirach 24:15:

"a pleasant odor .... as galbanum."

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'GALBANUM'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.