The word is used in various senses:

(1) of material things, e.g. Psalms 104:30; here it means to give a new appearance, to refresh, to restore the face of the earth;

(2) in 1 Samuel 11:14, to establish more firmly the kingdom by reinstalling King Saul;

(3) in 2 Chronicles 15:8, to rebuild or repair the broken altar;

(4) in Lamentations 5:21, "renew our days," restore the favors of former days;

(5) in Isaiah 41:1, `let them gather together, or marshal their strongest arguments for answer';

(6) in Psalms 103:5; Isaiah 40:31, it refers to the restoring of spiritual strength;

(7) in the New Testament it invariably refers to spiritual renewal, e.g. Romans 12:2; 2 Corinthians 4:16; Ephesians 4:23; Colossians 3:10; Titus 3:5; Hebrews 6:6; all derivatives of kainos, "new."

G. H. Gerberding

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'RENEW'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.