2 Samuel 7

Listen to 2 Samuel 7

God's Covenant with David

1 1Now when the king lived in his house and the LORD 2 had given him rest from all his surrounding enemies,
2 the king said to 3Nathan the prophet, "See now, I dwell 4in a house of cedar, but the ark of God dwells 5in a tent."
3 And Nathan said to the king, 6"Go, do all that is in your heart, for the LORD is with you."
4 But that same night the word of the LORD came to Nathan,
5 "Go and tell my servant David, 'Thus says the LORD: 7Would you build me a house to dwell in?
6 I have not lived in a house 8since the day I brought up the people of Israel from Egypt to this day, but I have been moving about 9in a tent for my dwelling.
7 In all places where 10I have moved with all the people of Israel, did I speak a word with 11any of the judges[a] of Israel, whom I commanded 12to shepherd my people Israel, saying, "Why have you not built me a house of cedar?"'
8 Now, therefore, thus you shall say to my servant David, 'Thus says the LORD of hosts, 13I took you from the pasture, from following the sheep, that you should be prince over my people Israel.
9 14And I have been with you wherever you went and have cut off all your enemies from before you. And I will make for you a great name, like the name of the great ones of the earth.
10 And I will appoint a place for my people Israel 15and will plant them, so that they may dwell in their own place 16and be disturbed no more. 17And violent men shall afflict them no more, as formerly,
11 18from the time that I appointed judges over my people Israel. And 19I will give you rest from all your enemies. Moreover, the LORD declares to you that 20the LORD will make you a house.
12 21When your days are fulfilled and 22you lie down with your fathers, 23I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom.
13 24He shall build a house for my name, and 25I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever.
14 26I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son. When he commits iniquity, 27I will discipline him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men,
15 28but my steadfast love will not depart from him, 29as I took it from Saul, whom I put away from before you.
16 30And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me.[b]31 Your throne shall be established forever.'"
17 In accordance with all these words, and in accordance with all this vision, Nathan spoke to David.

David's Prayer of Gratitude

18 Then King David went in and sat before the LORD and said, 32"Who am I, O Lord GOD, and what is my house, that you have brought me thus far?
19 And yet this was a small thing in your eyes, O Lord GOD. 33You have spoken also of your servant's house for a great while to come, and this is instruction for mankind, O Lord GOD!
20 And what more can David say to you? 34For you know your servant, O Lord GOD!
21 Because of your promise, and according to your own heart, you have brought about all this greatness, to make your servant know it.
22 35Therefore you are great, O LORD God. 36For there is none like you, and there is no God besides you, according to all that we have heard with our ears.
23 37And who is like your people Israel, the one nation on earth whom God went to redeem to be his people, making himself a name 38and doing for them[c] great and awesome things by driving out[d] before your people, whom 39you redeemed for yourself from Egypt, a nation and its gods?
24 40And you established for yourself your people Israel to be your people forever. And you, O LORD, became their God.
25 And now, O LORD God, confirm forever the word that you have spoken concerning your servant and concerning his house, and do as you have spoken.
26 And your name will be magnified forever, saying, 'The LORD of hosts is God over Israel,' and the house of your servant David will be established before you.
27 For you, O LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, have made this revelation to your servant, saying, 'I will build you a house.' Therefore your servant has found courage to pray this prayer to you.
28 And now, O Lord GOD, you are God, and 41your words are true, and you have promised this good thing to your servant.
29 Now therefore may it please you to bless the house of your servant, so that it may continue forever before you. For you, O Lord GOD, have spoken, 42and with your blessing shall the house of your servant be blessed forever."

2 Samuel 7 Commentary

Chapter 7

David's care for the ark. (1-3) God's covenant with David. (4-17) His prayer and thanksgiving. (18-29)

Verses 1-3 David being at rest in his palace, considered how he might best employ his leisure and prosperity in the service of God. He formed a design to build a temple for the ark. Nathan here did not speak as a prophet, but as a godly man, encouraging David by his private judgment. We ought to do all we can to encourage and promote the good purposes and designs of others, and, as we have opportunity, to forward a good work.

Verses 4-17 Blessings are promised to the family and posterity of David. These promises relate to Solomon, David's immediate successor, and the royal line of Judah. But they also relate to Christ, who is often called David and the Son of David. To him God gave all power in heaven and earth, with authority to execute judgment. He was to build the gospel temple, a house for God's name; the spiritual temple of true believers, to be a habitation of God through the Spirit. The establishing of his house, his throne, and his kingdom for ever, can be applied to no other than to Christ and his kingdom: David's house and kingdom long since came to an end. The committing iniquity cannot be applied to the Messiah himself, but to his spiritual seed; true believers have infirmities, for which they must expect to be corrected, though they are not cast off.

Verses 18-29 David's prayer is full of the breathings of devout affection toward God. He had low thoughts of his own merits. All we have, must be looked upon as Divine gifts. He speaks very highly and honourably of the Lord's favours to him. Considering what the character and condition of man is, we may be amazed that God should deal with him as he does. The promise of Christ includes all; if the Lord God be ours, what more can we ask, or think of? ( Ephesians 3:20 ) . He knows us better than we know ourselves; therefore let us be satisfied with what he has done for us. What can we say more for ourselves in our prayers, than God has said for us in his promises? David ascribes all to the free grace of God. Both the great things He had done for him, and the great things He had made known to him. All was for his word's sake, that is, for the sake of Christ the eternal Word. Many, when they go to pray, have their hearts to seek, but David's heart was found, that is, it was fixed; gathered in from its wanderings, entirely engaged to the duty, and employed in it. That prayer which is from the tongue only, will not please God; it must be found in the heart; that must be lifted up and poured out before God. He builds his faith, and hopes to speed, upon the sureness of God's promise. David prays for the performance of the promise. With God, saying and doing are not two things, as they often are with men; God will do as he hath said. The promises of God are not made to us by name, as to David, but they belong to all who believe in Jesus Christ, and plead them in his name.

Cross References 42

  • 1. For ver. 1-29, see 1 Chronicles 17:1-27
  • 2. See Joshua 11:23
  • 3. ver. 17; 2 Samuel 12:1
  • 4. 2 Samuel 5:11
  • 5. Exodus 26:1
  • 6. 1 Kings 8:17, 18; 1 Chronicles 22:7; 1 Chronicles 28:2; [Acts 7:46]
  • 7. 1 Kings 5:3; 1 Kings 8:19; 1 Chronicles 22:8; 1 Chronicles 28:3
  • 8. 1 Kings 8:16
  • 9. Ex. 40:18, 19, 34
  • 10. Leviticus 26:11, 12; Deuteronomy 23:14
  • 11. [1 Chronicles 17:6]
  • 12. See 2 Samuel 5:2
  • 13. 1 Samuel 16:11; Psalms 78:70
  • 14. 2 Samuel 5:10; 2 Samuel 8:6, 14; 1 Samuel 18:14
  • 15. Psalms 44:2; Psalms 80:8; Jeremiah 24:6; Amos 9:15
  • 16. 2 Kings 21:8
  • 17. [Psalms 89:22]
  • 18. See Judges 2:14-16; 1 Samuel 12:9-11
  • 19. ver. 1; See Joshua 11:23
  • 20. ver. 27; 1 Kings 11:38; [Exodus 1:21; 1 Samuel 2:35]
  • 21. [1 Kings 2:1]
  • 22. 1 Kings 1:21; 1 Kings 2:10; Acts 13:36; [Deuteronomy 31:16]
  • 23. 1 Kings 8:20; Psalms 132:11
  • 24. 1 Kings 5:5; 1 Kings 6:12; 1 Kings 8:19; 1 Chronicles 22:10; 1 Chronicles 28:6
  • 25. ver. 16; Ps. 89:4, 29, 36, 37
  • 26. Psalms 89:26, 27; Cited Hebrews 1:5
  • 27. Psalms 89:32, 33
  • 28. [See ver. 14 above]
  • 29. 1 Samuel 15:23, 28; [1 Kings 11:13, 34]
  • 30. ver. 13; Psalms 89:36, 37; [Luke 1:33]
  • 31. ver. 13; Psalms 89:36, 37; [Luke 1:33]
  • 32. [Genesis 32:10]
  • 33. ver. 12, 13; 1 Chronicles 17:17
  • 34. See Psalms 139:1-4
  • 35. 1 Chronicles 16:25; 2 Chronicles 2:5
  • 36. Exodus 15:11; Deuteronomy 3:24; Psalms 86:8; Psalms 89:6, 8; Isaiah 45:5; Jeremiah 10:6
  • 37. Deuteronomy 4:7, 34; Deuteronomy 33:29; Psalms 147:20
  • 38. Deuteronomy 10:21
  • 39. Deuteronomy 9:26; Nehemiah 1:10
  • 40. ver. 13, 16, 26; Deuteronomy 26:18
  • 41. John 17:17
  • 42. 2 Samuel 22:51; Psalms 89:28, 29

Footnotes 4

  • [a]. Compare 1 Chronicles 17:6; Hebrew tribes
  • [b]. Septuagint; Hebrew you
  • [c]. With a few Targums, Vulgate, Syriac; Hebrew you
  • [d]. Septuagint (compare 1 Chronicles 17:21); Hebrew for your land

Chapter Summary


This chapter expresses David's concern for building an house for the ark of God, which he communicated to Nathan the prophet, and was approved of by him, 2Sa 7:1-3; and who was that night sent by the Lord to David, to acquaint him, that as he had for many years dwelt in a tent, and had never given directions to the tribes of Israel, and the rulers of them, to build him an house, so neither should David build him one; but his son that would succeed him in the throne should; and also observes to him the many great things he had done for him, and promises him more, and particularly the establishment of his throne and kingdom for ever, in which he has respect to the Messiah, that should spring from him, 2Sa 7:4-17. Then follows a prayer of David, in which he expresses the sense he had of the greatness and goodness of God, and of his own unworthiness to receive such favours from him he had, returns him thanks for the promises he had made, and prays for the performance of them, 2Sa 7:18-29.

2 Samuel 7 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.