Acts 18:12

12 But when Gallio was 1proconsul of Achaia, 2the Jews made a united attack on Paul and 3brought him before the tribunal,

Acts 18:12 Meaning and Commentary

Acts 18:12

And when Gallio was the deputy of Achaia
This province, which was now become a Roman one, Pliny the younger F17 calls true and mere Greece; it went by the name of Aegialus F18, and now it is called Livadia: it has on the north the country of Thessaly, and on the west the river Acheloo, or Aracheo, on the east the Aegean sea, and on the south Peloponnesus, or the Morea. Gallio, who was now deputy of it, was brother to L. Annaeus Seneca, the famous philosopher, who was preceptor to Nero; his name at first was M. Annaeus Novatus, but being adopted by L. Junius Gallio, he took the name of the family. According to his brother's account of him {s}, he was a very modest man, of a sweet disposition, and greatly beloved; and Statius F20 calls him Dulcem Gallionem, "the sweet Gallio", mild and gentle in his speech, as Quintilian says. Seneca


F21 makes mention of him as being in Achaia; and whilst he was deputy there he had a fever, when as soon as it took him he went aboard a ship, crying, that it was not the disease of the body, but of the place.

The Jews made insurrection with one accord against Paul;
being provoked that so many of their people, as well as of the Gentiles, were converted by him to the Christian religion, and were baptized:

and brought him to the judgment seat;
of Gallio, the deputy, to be tried and judged by him.

F17 L. 8. Ep. 24.
F18 Plin. Nat. Hist. l. 4. c. 5. Pausanias, l. 7. p. 396.
F19 Praefat. ad. l. 4. Nat. Quaest.
F20 Sylvarum, l. 2. Sylv. 7.
F21 Ep. 104.

Acts 18:12 In-Context

10 for I am with you, and no one will attack you to harm you, for I have many in this city who are my people."
11 And he stayed a year and six months, teaching the word of God among them.
12 But when Gallio was proconsul of Achaia, the Jews made a united attack on Paul and brought him before the tribunal,
13 saying, "This man is persuading people to worship God contrary to the law."
14 But when Paul was about to open his mouth, Gallio said to the Jews, "If it were a matter of wrongdoing or vicious crime, O Jews, I would have reason to accept your complaint.

Cross References 3

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.