Hosea 2

Listen to Hosea 2

Israel's Unfaithfulness Punished

1 [a] Say to your brothers, 1"You are my people,"[b] and to your sisters, 2"You have received mercy."[c]
2 "Plead with your mother, plead-- for 3she is not my wife, and I am not her husband-- that she put away 4her whoring from her face, and her adultery from between her breasts;
3 lest 5I strip her naked and make her as 6in the day she was born, and 7make her like a wilderness, and make her like a parched land, and kill her with thirst.
4 8Upon her children also I will have no mercy, 9because they are children of whoredom.
5 For 10their mother has played the whore; she who conceived them has acted shamefully. For 11she said, 'I will go after my lovers, who 12give me my bread and my water, my wool and my flax, my oil and my drink.'
6 Therefore 13I will hedge up her[d] way with thorns, and 14I will build a wall against her, so that she cannot find her paths.
7 She shall pursue her lovers but not overtake them, and she shall seek them but shall not find them. 15Then she shall say, 'I will go and return to 16my first husband, 17for it was better for me then than now.'
8 And 18she did not know that it was 19I who gave her 20the grain, the wine, and the oil, and who lavished on 21her silver and gold, 22which they used for Baal.
9 Therefore 23I will take back my grain in its time, and my wine in its season, and 24I will take away my wool and my flax, which were to cover her nakedness.
10 Now 25I will uncover her lewdness in the sight of her lovers, and no one shall rescue her out of my hand.
11 26And I will put an end to all her mirth, her feasts, her 27new moons, her 28Sabbaths, and all her 29appointed feasts.
12 And 30I will lay waste her vines and her fig trees, 31of which she said, 'These are 32my wages, which my lovers have given me.' I will make them a forest, 33and the beasts of the field shall devour them.
13 And 34I will punish her for 35the feast days of the Baals when she burned offerings to them and 36adorned herself with her ring and jewelry, and went after her lovers and forgot me, declares the LORD.

The Lord's Mercy on Israel

14 "Therefore, behold, I will allure her, and 37bring her into the wilderness, and 38speak tenderly to her.
15 And there I will give her her vineyards and make the Valley of Achor[e] a door of hope. And there she shall answer 39as in the days of her youth, as at the time when she came out of the land of Egypt.
16 "And 40in that day, declares the LORD, you will call me 'My Husband,' and no longer will you call me 'My Baal.'
17 For 41I will remove the names of the Baals from her mouth, and they shall be remembered by name no more.
18 And 42I will make for them a covenant on that day with the beasts of the field, the birds of the heavens, and the creeping things of the ground. And 43I will abolish[f] the bow, the sword, and war from the land, and I will make you lie down in 44safety.
19 And I will betroth you to me 45forever. 46I will betroth you to me in righteousness and in justice, in steadfast love and in mercy.
20 47I will betroth you to me in faithfulness. And 48you shall know the LORD.
21 "And 49in that day 50I will answer, declares the LORD, I will answer the heavens, and they shall answer the earth,
22 and the earth shall answer the grain, the wine, and the oil, and they shall answer 51Jezreel,[g]
23 and 52I will sow her for myself in the land. And 53I 54will have mercy on No Mercy,[h] and 55I will say to Not My People,[i]56'You are my people'; and he shall say, 'You are my God.'"

Hosea 2 Commentary

Chapter 2

The idolatry of the people. (1-5) God's judgments against them. (6-13) His promises of reconciliation. (14-23)

Verses 1-5 This chapter continues the figurative address to Israel, in reference to Hosea's wife and children. Let us own and love as brethren, all whom the Lord seems to put among his children, and encourage them in that they have received mercy. But every Christian, by his example and conduct, must protest against evil and abuses, even among those to whom he belongs and owes respect. Impenitent sinners will soon be stripped of the advantages they misuse, and which they consume upon their lusts.

Verses 6-13 God threatens what he would do with this treacherous, idolatrous people. They did not turn, therefore all this came upon them; and it is written for admonition to us. If lesser difficulties be got over, God will raise greater. The most resolute in sinful pursuits, are commonly most crossed in them. The way of God and duty is often hedged about with thorns, but we have reason to think it is a sinful way that is hedged up with thorns. Crosses and obstacles in an evil course are great blessings, and are to be so accounted; they are God's hedges, to keep us from transgressing, to make the way of sin difficult, and to keep us from it. We have reason to bless God for restraining grace, and for restraining providences; and even for sore pain, sickness, or calamity, if it keeps us from sin. The disappointments we meet with in seeking for satisfaction from the creature, should, if nothing else will do it, drive us to the Creator. When men forget, or consider not that their comforts come from God, he will often in mercy take them away, to bring them to think upon their folly and danger. Sin and mirth can never hold long together; but if men will not take away sin from their mirth, God will take away mirth from their sin. And if men destroy God's word and ordinances, it is just with him to destroy their vines and fig-trees. This shall be the ruin of their mirth. Taking away the solemn seasons and the sabbaths will not do it, they will readily part with them, and think it no loss; but He will take away their sensual pleasures. Days of sinful mirth must be visited with days of mourning.

Verses 14-23 After these judgments the Lord would deal with Israel more gently. By the promise of rest in Christ we are invited to take his yoke upon us; and the work of conversion may be forwarded by comforts as well as by convictions. But usually the Lord drives us to despair of earthly joy, and help from ourselves, that, being shut from every other door, we may knock at Mercy's gate. From that time Israel would be more truly attached to the Lord; no longer calling him Baali, or "My lord and master," alluding to authority, rather than love, but Ishi, an address of affection. This may foretell the restoration from the Babylonish captivity; and also be applied to the conversion of the Jews to Christ, in the days of the apostles, and the future general conversion of that nation; and believers are enabled to expect infinitely more tenderness and kindness from their holy God, than a beloved wife can expect from the kindest husband. When the people were weaned from idols, and loved the Lord, no creature should do them any harm. This may be understood of the blessings and privileges of the spiritual Israel, of every true believer, and their partaking of Christ's righteousness; also, of the conversion of the Jews to Christ. Here is an argument for us to walk so that God may not be dishonoured by us: Thou art my people. If a man's family walk disorderly, it is a dishonour to the master. If God call us children, we may say, Thou art our God. Unbelieving soul, lay aside discouraging thoughts; do not thus answer God's loving-kindness. Doth God say, Thou art my people? Say, Lord, thou art our God.

Cross References 56

  • 1. [Hosea 1:9]
  • 2. [Hosea 1:6]
  • 3. [Isaiah 50:1]
  • 4. [Hosea 4:12; Ezekiel 16:25]
  • 5. [Ezekiel 16:39]
  • 6. [Ezekiel 16:4]
  • 7. [ver. 9; Ezekiel 19:13]
  • 8. Hosea 1:6
  • 9. Hosea 1:2
  • 10. [Hosea 1:2]
  • 11. [ver. 12, 13]
  • 12. [ver. 8, 9; Jeremiah 44:17]
  • 13. Job 3:23
  • 14. [Job 19:8; Lamentations 3:7, 9]
  • 15. [Luke 15:17, 18]
  • 16. [Isaiah 54:5, 6]
  • 17. [Luke 15:17, 18]
  • 18. [ver. 20; Isaiah 1:3]
  • 19. [Ezekiel 16:19]
  • 20. Deuteronomy 7:13
  • 21. Hosea 13:2
  • 22. [Ezekiel 16:17, 18]
  • 23. [ver. 3; Joel 1:10]
  • 24. [ver. 3; Joel 1:10]
  • 25. Lamentations 1:8; Ezekiel 16:37; Ezekiel 23:29
  • 26. [Jeremiah 7:34; Amos 8:10]
  • 27. [Amos 8:5]
  • 28. [Amos 8:5]
  • 29. [Hosea 9:5; Isaiah 1:13, 14]
  • 30. [Isaiah 5:5]
  • 31. [ver. 5]
  • 32. [Micah 1:7]
  • 33. [Hosea 13:8]
  • 34. [Hosea 4:9]
  • 35. [Hosea 11:2; Hosea 13:1, 2]
  • 36. Ezekiel 23:40; [Isaiah 61:10]
  • 37. [Ezekiel 20:35]
  • 38. Isaiah 40:2
  • 39. [Hosea 9:10; Hosea 11:1; Jeremiah 2:2; Ezekiel 16:22, 60]
  • 40. ver. 18, 21
  • 41. Zephaniah 1:4; Zechariah 13:2; [Exodus 23:13]
  • 42. Ezekiel 34:25; [Job 5:23]
  • 43. Psalms 46:9; Isaiah 2:4; Isaiah 9:5; Ezekiel 39:9, 10
  • 44. Leviticus 26:5; Jeremiah 23:6
  • 45. [Ezekiel 43:7]
  • 46. [ver. 7, 16; Jeremiah 3:14, 15; 2 Corinthians 11:2]
  • 47. [See ver. 19 above]
  • 48. Jeremiah 31:34; John 17:3
  • 49. ver. 16
  • 50. [Zechariah 8:12]
  • 51. [Hosea 1:4, 11]
  • 52. [Hosea 1:10]; See Ezekiel 36:9-11
  • 53. Cited Romans 9:25, 26
  • 54. Hosea 1:6
  • 55. Hosea 1:9; 1 Peter 2:10
  • 56. ver. 1; Zechariah 13:9; See Leviticus 26:12; Jeremiah 31:33

Footnotes 9

  • [a]. Ch 2:3 in Hebrew
  • [b]. Hebrew ammi, which means my people
  • [c]. Hebrew ruhama, which means she has received mercy
  • [d]. Hebrew your
  • [e]. Achor means trouble; compare Joshua 7:26
  • [f]. Hebrew break
  • [g]. Jezreel means God will sow
  • [h]. Hebrew Lo-ruhama
  • [i]. Hebrew Lo-ammi

Chapter Summary


This chapter is an explanation of the former, proceeding upon the same argument in more express words. The godly Israelites are here called upon to lay before the body of the people their idolatry, ingratitude, obstinacy, and ignorance of the God of their mercies; and to exhort them to repentance, lest they should be stripped of all their good things, and be brought into great distress and difficulties; all their joy and comfort cease, and be exposed to shame and contempt, Ho 2:1-13, yet, notwithstanding, many gracious promises are made unto them, of their having the alluring and comfortable word of the Gospel; of a door of hope; of salvation being opened to them; of faith in the Lord, and affection to him as their husband; of the removal of all idolatry from them; of safety from all enemies; of their open espousal to Christ; of his hearing of their prayers, and giving them plenty of all good things; and of their multiplication, conversion, and covenant relation to God, Ho 2:14-23.

Hosea 2 Commentaries