Isaiah 45:3

3 1I will give you the treasures of darkness and the hoards in secret places, that you may know that it is I, the LORD, the God of Israel, 2who call you by your name.

Isaiah 45:3 Meaning and Commentary

Isaiah 45:3

And I will give thee treasures of darkness, and hidden riches
of secret places
What had been laid up in private places, and had not seen the light for many years. The Jewish Rabbins say F6, that Nebuchadnezzar having amassed together all the riches of the world, when he drew near his end, considered with himself to whom he should leave it; and being unwilling to leave it to Evilmerodach, he ordered ships of brass to be built, and filled them with it, and dug a place in Euphrates, and hid them in it, and turned the river upon them; and that day that Cyrus ordered the temple to be built, the Lord revealed them to him: the riches of Croesus king of Lydia, taken by Cyrus, are meant; especially what he found in Babylon, which abounded in riches, ( Jeremiah 51:13 ) . Pliny F7 says, when he conquered Asia, he brought away thirty four thousand pounds of gold, besides golden vessels, and five hundred thousand talents of silver, and the cup of Semiramis, which weighed fifteen talents. Xenophon F8 makes mention of great riches and treasures which Cyrus received from Armenius, Gobryas, and Croesus: that thou mayest know that I the Lord, which call thee by thy name, am
the God of Israel;
to call him by name two hundred years, or near it, before he was born, was a proof that he was God omniscient, and knew things before they were, and could call things that were not, as though they were; and this Cyrus was made acquainted with; for, as Josephus


F9 says, he read this prophecy in Isaiah concerning him; and all this being exactly fulfilled in him, obliged him to acknowledge him the Lord, to be the Lord God of heaven, and the Lord God of Israel, ( Ezra 1:2 Ezra 1:3 ) .
F6 Vide Abendana in Miclol Yophi in Ioc.
F7 Nat. Hist. l. 33. c. 3.
F8 Cyropaedia, l. 3. c. 3. l. 5. c. 4. l. 7. c. 14.
F9 Antiqu. l. 11. c. 1. sect. 2.

Isaiah 45:3 In-Context

1 Thus says the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have grasped, to subdue nations before him and to loose the belts of kings, to open doors before him that gates may not be closed:
2 "I will go before you and level the exalted places, I will break in pieces the doors of bronze and cut through the bars of iron,
3 I will give you the treasures of darkness and the hoards in secret places, that you may know that it is I, the LORD, the God of Israel, who call you by your name.
4 For the sake of my servant Jacob, and Israel my chosen, I call you by your name, I name you, though you do not know me.
5 I am the LORD, and there is no other, besides me there is no God; I equip you, though you do not know me,

Cross References 2

  • 1. [Jeremiah 50:37; Jeremiah 51:13]
  • 2. Isaiah 43:1
The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.