Jeremiah 25

Listen to Jeremiah 25

Seventy Years of Captivity

1 1The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the people of Judah, in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah (that was the first year of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon),
2 which Jeremiah the prophet spoke to all the people of Judah and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem:
3 "For twenty-three years, 2from the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon, king of Judah, to this day, the word of the LORD has come to me, and I have spoken 3persistently to you, 4but you have not listened.
4 5You have neither listened nor inclined your ears to hear, although the LORD 6 persistently sent to you all his servants the prophets,
5 saying, 7'Turn now, every one of you, 8from his evil way and evil deeds, and 9dwell upon the land that the LORD has given to you and your fathers from of old and forever.
6 10Do not go after other gods to serve and worship them, 11or provoke me to anger 12with the work of your hands. Then I will do you no harm.'
7 13Yet you have not listened to me, declares the LORD, 14that you might provoke me to anger 15with the work of your hands to your own harm.
8 "Therefore thus says the LORD of hosts: Because you have not obeyed my words,
9 16behold, I will send for all the tribes of the north, declares the LORD, and for Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, 17my servant, and I will bring them against this land and its inhabitants, and against all these surrounding nations. I will devote them to destruction, 18and make them a horror, a hissing, and an everlasting desolation.
10 Moreover, 19I will banish from them the voice of mirth and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride, 20the grinding of the millstones and 21the light of the lamp.
11 22This whole land shall become a ruin and a waste, and 23these nations shall serve the king of Babylon 24seventy years.
12 Then after 25seventy years are completed, 26I will punish the king of Babylon and that nation, 27the land of the Chaldeans, for their iniquity, declares the LORD, 28making the land an everlasting waste.
13 I will bring upon that land all the words that I have uttered against it, everything written 29in this book, which Jeremiah prophesied against all the nations.
14 30For many nations 31and great kings shall make slaves even of them, 32and I will recompense them according to their deeds and the work of their hands."

The Cup of the Lord's Wrath

15 Thus the LORD, the God of Israel, said to me: 33"Take from my hand this cup of the wine of wrath, and make all the nations to whom I send you drink it.
16 They shall drink and stagger and be crazed because of 34the sword that I am sending among them."
17 So I took the cup from the LORD's hand, 35and made all the nations to whom the LORD sent me drink it:
18 36Jerusalem and the cities of Judah, its kings and officials, 37to make them a desolation and a waste, a hissing and a curse, as at this day;
19 38Pharaoh king of Egypt, his servants, his officials, all his people,
20 and 39all the mixed tribes among them; all the kings of 40the land of Uz and all the kings of 41the land of the Philistines (42Ashkelon, 43Gaza, Ekron, and the remnant of 44Ashdod);
21 45Edom, 46Moab, and the sons of 47Ammon;
22 all the kings of 48Tyre, all the kings of 49Sidon, and the kings of the coastland across 50the sea;
23 51Dedan, 52Tema, 53Buz, and all who cut 54the corners of their hair;
24 all the 55kings of Arabia and all the kings of 56the mixed tribes who dwell in the desert;
25 all the kings of Zimri, all the kings of 57Elam, and all the kings of 58Media;
26 all the kings of 59the north, far and near, one after another, and all the kingdoms of the world that are on the face of the earth. And after them the king of 60Babylon[a] shall drink.
27 "Then you shall say to them, 'Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: 61Drink, be drunk and vomit, fall and rise no more, because of 62the sword that I am sending among you.'
28 "And if they refuse to accept the cup from your hand to drink, then you shall say to them, 'Thus says the LORD of hosts: 63You must drink!
29 For behold, 64I begin to work disaster at the city that is called by my name, and shall you go unpunished? You shall not go unpunished, 65for I am summoning a sword against all the inhabitants of the earth, declares the LORD of hosts.'
30 "You, therefore, shall prophesy against them all these words, and say to them: 66"'The LORD will roar from on high, and from his holy habitation utter his voice; he will roar mightily against his fold, 67and shout, like those who tread grapes, against all the inhabitants of the earth.
31 The clamor will resound to the ends of the earth, for 68the LORD has an indictment against the nations; 69he is entering into judgment with all flesh, and the wicked he will put to the sword, declares the LORD.'
32 "Thus says the LORD of hosts: Behold, disaster is going forth from nation to nation, 70and a great tempest is stirring 71from the farthest parts of the earth!
33 72"And those pierced by the LORD on that day shall extend from one end of the earth to the other. 73They shall not be lamented, 74or gathered, or buried; 75they shall be dung on the surface of the ground.
34 76"Wail, 77you shepherds, and cry out, 78and roll in ashes, you lords of the flock, for the days of your slaughter and dispersion have come, and you shall fall like a choice vessel.
35 No refuge will remain 79for the shepherds, nor escape for the lords of the flock.
36 A voice--the cry 80of the shepherds, 81and the wail of the lords of the flock! For the LORD is laying waste their pasture,
37 82and the peaceful folds are devastated 83because of the fierce anger of the LORD.
38 Like a lion 84he has left his lair, for their land has become a waste because of 85the sword of the oppressor, 86and because of his fierce anger."

Jeremiah 25 Commentary

Chapter 25

The Jews rebuked for not obeying calls to repentance. (1-7) Their captivity during seventy years is expressly foretold. (8-14) Desolations upon the nations shown by the emblem of a cup of wrath. (15-29) The judgments again declared. (30-38)

Verses 1-7 The call to turn from evil ways to the worship and service of God, and for sinners to trust in Christ, and partake of his salvation, concerns all men. God keeps an account how long we possess the means of grace; and the longer we have them, the heavier will our account be if we have not improved them. Rising early, points out the earnest desire that this people should turn and live. Personal and particular reformation must be insisted on as necessary to a national deliverance; and every one must turn from his own evil way. Yet all was to no purpose. They would not take the right and only method to turn away the wrath of God.

Verses 8-14 The fixing of the time during which the Jewish captivity should last, would not only confirm the prophecy, but also comfort the people of God, and encourage faith and prayer. The ruin of Babylon is foretold: the rod will be thrown into the fire when the correcting work is done. When the set time to favour Zion is come, Babylon shall be punished for their iniquity, as other nations have been punished for their sins. Every threatening of the Scripture will certainly be accomplished.

Verses 15-29 The evil and the good events of life are often represented in Scripture as cups. Under this figure is represented the desolation then coming upon that part of the world, of which Nebuchadnezzar, who had just began to reign and act, was to be the instrument; but this destroying sword would come from the hand of God. The desolations the sword should make in all these kingdoms, are represented by the consequences of excessive drinking. This may make us loathe the sin of drunkenness, that the consequences of it are used to set forth such a woful condition. Drunkenness deprives men of the use of their reason, makes men as mad. It takes from them the valuable blessing, health; and is a sin which is its own punishment. This may also make us dread the judgments of war. It soon fills a nation with confusion. They will refuse to take the cup at thy hand. They will not believe Jeremiah; but he must tell them it is the word of the Lord of hosts, and it is in vain for them to struggle against Almighty power. And if God's judgments begin with backsliding professors, let not the wicked expect to escape.

Verses 30-38 The Lord has just ground of controversy with every nation and every person; and he will execute judgment on all the wicked. Who can avoid trembling when God speaks in displeasure? The days are fully come; the time fixed in the Divine counsels, which will make the nations wholly desolate. The tender and delicate shall share the common calamity. Even those who used to live in peace, and did nothing to provoke, shall not escape. Blessed be God, there is a peaceable habitation above, for all the sons of peace. The Lord will preserve his church and all believers in all changes; for nothing can separate them from his love.

Cross References 86

  • 1. Jeremiah 1:3; Jeremiah 36:1; [2 Kings 24:1]
  • 2. Jeremiah 1:2
  • 3. Jeremiah 7:13; Jeremiah 11:7, 8; Jeremiah 26:5; Jeremiah 29:19; Jeremiah 32:33; Jeremiah 35:14; 2 Chronicles 36:15
  • 4. See Jeremiah 7:13
  • 5. [See ver. 3 above]
  • 6. [See ver. 3 above]
  • 7. See Jeremiah 18:11
  • 8. Jeremiah 23:22
  • 9. Jeremiah 7:7
  • 10. See Jeremiah 7:6
  • 11. [Jeremiah 32:30]
  • 12. [Jeremiah 32:30]
  • 13. [See ver. 6 above]
  • 14. [See ver. 6 above]
  • 15. [See ver. 6 above]
  • 16. Jeremiah 1:15
  • 17. Jeremiah 27:6; Jeremiah 43:10; [Isaiah 44:28; Isaiah 45:1]; See Ezekiel 29:18-20
  • 18. See Jeremiah 18:16
  • 19. See Jeremiah 7:34
  • 20. Ecclesiastes 12:4; Revelation 18:22
  • 21. Revelation 18:23
  • 22. [See ver. 9 above]
  • 23. [Jeremiah 28:14]; See Jeremiah 27:3-6
  • 24. 2 Chronicles 36:21, 22; Ezra 1:1; Daniel 9:2; [Isaiah 23:15]
  • 25. [See ver. 11 above]
  • 26. Jeremiah 51:24, 26, 62; Isaiah 13:19
  • 27. Jeremiah 51:24, 26, 62; Isaiah 13:19
  • 28. Jeremiah 51:24, 26, 62; Isaiah 13:19
  • 29. See Jeremiah 46 - 51
  • 30. Jeremiah 27:7; Jeremiah 50:9, 41; Jeremiah 51:27, 28
  • 31. Jeremiah 27:7; Jeremiah 50:9, 41; Jeremiah 51:27, 28
  • 32. Jeremiah 50:29; Jeremiah 51:6, 24
  • 33. Jeremiah 49:12; Jeremiah 51:7; Job 21:20; Psalms 60:3; Psalms 75:8; Isaiah 51:17; Lamentations 4:21; Revelation 14:10
  • 34. [Jeremiah 47:6]
  • 35. [Isaiah 51:22, 23]
  • 36. [Zechariah 12:2]
  • 37. See Jeremiah 18:16
  • 38. Jeremiah 46:25
  • 39. Jeremiah 50:37; [Exodus 12:38; Ezekiel 30:5]
  • 40. Job 1:1; Lamentations 4:21
  • 41. Jeremiah 47:1, 4, 5
  • 42. Jeremiah 47:1, 4, 5
  • 43. Jeremiah 47:1, 4, 5
  • 44. [Isaiah 20:1]
  • 45. Jeremiah 9:26; See Jeremiah 49:7-22
  • 46. See Jeremiah 48
  • 47. See Jeremiah 49:1-6
  • 48. Jeremiah 47:4; Isaiah 23:1, 2
  • 49. Jeremiah 47:4; Isaiah 23:1, 2
  • 50. [Jeremiah 49:23]
  • 51. Jeremiah 49:8; Isaiah 21:13
  • 52. Job 6:19
  • 53. [Job 32:2, 6]
  • 54. See Jeremiah 9:26
  • 55. 2 Chronicles 9:14
  • 56. [See ver. 20 above]
  • 57. Isaiah 11:11; See Jeremiah 49:34-39
  • 58. [2 Kings 17:6]
  • 59. Jeremiah 50:9
  • 60. Jeremiah 51:41
  • 61. Habakkuk 2:16
  • 62. Ezekiel 38:21; [ver. 16]
  • 63. Jeremiah 49:12
  • 64. Proverbs 11:31; Isaiah 10:12; Amos 3:2; Obadiah 16; [1 Peter 4:17]
  • 65. [See ver. 27 above]
  • 66. Joel 3:16; Amos 1:2
  • 67. [Judges 9:27; Isaiah 16:9]
  • 68. Hosea 4:1
  • 69. Isaiah 66:16; [Joel 3:2]
  • 70. Jeremiah 23:19; Jeremiah 30:23
  • 71. Jeremiah 6:22
  • 72. Isaiah 66:16
  • 73. See Jeremiah 16:4
  • 74. See Jeremiah 8:2
  • 75. See Jeremiah 8:2
  • 76. Jeremiah 4:8
  • 77. See Jeremiah 23:1
  • 78. Jeremiah 6:26
  • 79. See Jeremiah 23:1
  • 80. [See ver. 35 above]
  • 81. Jeremiah 4:8
  • 82. [Isaiah 32:18]
  • 83. See Jeremiah 12:13
  • 84. [Job 38:40]
  • 85. Jeremiah 46:16; Jeremiah 50:16
  • 86. [See ver. 37 above]

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Hebrew Sheshach, a code name for Babylon

Chapter Summary


This chapter contains a prophecy of the destruction of Judea by the king of Babylon; and also of Babylon itself, after the Jews' captivity of seventy years; and likewise of all the nations round about. The date of this prophecy is in Jer 25:1; when the prophet puts the Jews in mind of the prophecies that had been delivered unto them by himself and others, for some years past, without effect, Jer 25:2-7; wherefore they are threatened with the king of Babylon, that he should come against them, and strip them of all their desirable things; make their land desolate, and them captives for seventy years, Jer 25:8-11; at the expiration of which he in his turn shall be punished, and the land of Chaldea laid waste, and become subject to other nations and kings, Jer 25:12-14; and by a cup of wine given to all the nations round about, is signified the utter ruin of them, and who are particularly mentioned by name, Jer 25:15-26; which is confirmed by beginning with the city of Jerusalem, and the destruction of that, Jer 25:27-29; wherefore the prophet is bid to prophesy against them, and to declare the Lord's controversy with them, and that there should be a slaughter of them from one end of the earth to the other, Jer 25:30-33; upon which the shepherds, kings, and rulers of them, are called to lamentation and howling, Jer 25:34-38.

Jeremiah 25 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.