Jeremiah 25:15-38

The Cup of the Lord's Wrath

15 Thus the LORD, the God of Israel, said to me: 1"Take from my hand this cup of the wine of wrath, and make all the nations to whom I send you drink it.
16 They shall drink and stagger and be crazed because of 2the sword that I am sending among them."
17 So I took the cup from the LORD's hand, 3and made all the nations to whom the LORD sent me drink it:
18 4Jerusalem and the cities of Judah, its kings and officials, 5to make them a desolation and a waste, a hissing and a curse, as at this day;
19 6Pharaoh king of Egypt, his servants, his officials, all his people,
20 and 7all the mixed tribes among them; all the kings of 8the land of Uz and all the kings of 9the land of the Philistines (10Ashkelon, 11Gaza, Ekron, and the remnant of 12Ashdod);
21 13Edom, 14Moab, and the sons of 15Ammon;
22 all the kings of 16Tyre, all the kings of 17Sidon, and the kings of the coastland across 18the sea;
23 19Dedan, 20Tema, 21Buz, and all who cut 22the corners of their hair;
24 all the 23kings of Arabia and all the kings of 24the mixed tribes who dwell in the desert;
25 all the kings of Zimri, all the kings of 25Elam, and all the kings of 26Media;
26 all the kings of 27the north, far and near, one after another, and all the kingdoms of the world that are on the face of the earth. And after them the king of 28Babylon[a] shall drink.
27 "Then you shall say to them, 'Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: 29Drink, be drunk and vomit, fall and rise no more, because of 30the sword that I am sending among you.'
28 "And if they refuse to accept the cup from your hand to drink, then you shall say to them, 'Thus says the LORD of hosts: 31You must drink!
29 For behold, 32I begin to work disaster at the city that is called by my name, and shall you go unpunished? You shall not go unpunished, 33for I am summoning a sword against all the inhabitants of the earth, declares the LORD of hosts.'
30 "You, therefore, shall prophesy against them all these words, and say to them: 34"'The LORD will roar from on high, and from his holy habitation utter his voice; he will roar mightily against his fold, 35and shout, like those who tread grapes, against all the inhabitants of the earth.
31 The clamor will resound to the ends of the earth, for 36the LORD has an indictment against the nations; 37he is entering into judgment with all flesh, and the wicked he will put to the sword, declares the LORD.'
32 "Thus says the LORD of hosts: Behold, disaster is going forth from nation to nation, 38and a great tempest is stirring 39from the farthest parts of the earth!
33 40"And those pierced by the LORD on that day shall extend from one end of the earth to the other. 41They shall not be lamented, 42or gathered, or buried; 43they shall be dung on the surface of the ground.
34 44"Wail, 45you shepherds, and cry out, 46and roll in ashes, you lords of the flock, for the days of your slaughter and dispersion have come, and you shall fall like a choice vessel.
35 No refuge will remain 47for the shepherds, nor escape for the lords of the flock.
36 A voice--the cry 48of the shepherds, 49and the wail of the lords of the flock! For the LORD is laying waste their pasture,
37 50and the peaceful folds are devastated 51because of the fierce anger of the LORD.
38 Like a lion 52he has left his lair, for their land has become a waste because of 53the sword of the oppressor, 54and because of his fierce anger."

Jeremiah 25:15-38 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO JEREMIAH 25

This chapter contains a prophecy of the destruction of Judea by the king of Babylon; and also of Babylon itself, after the Jews' captivity of seventy years; and likewise of all the nations round about. The date of this prophecy is in Jer 25:1; when the prophet puts the Jews in mind of the prophecies that had been delivered unto them by himself and others, for some years past, without effect, Jer 25:2-7; wherefore they are threatened with the king of Babylon, that he should come against them, and strip them of all their desirable things; make their land desolate, and them captives for seventy years, Jer 25:8-11; at the expiration of which he in his turn shall be punished, and the land of Chaldea laid waste, and become subject to other nations and kings, Jer 25:12-14; and by a cup of wine given to all the nations round about, is signified the utter ruin of them, and who are particularly mentioned by name, Jer 25:15-26; which is confirmed by beginning with the city of Jerusalem, and the destruction of that, Jer 25:27-29; wherefore the prophet is bid to prophesy against them, and to declare the Lord's controversy with them, and that there should be a slaughter of them from one end of the earth to the other, Jer 25:30-33; upon which the shepherds, kings, and rulers of them, are called to lamentation and howling, Jer 25:34-38.

Jeremiah 25:15-38 In-Context

13 I will bring upon that land all the words that I have uttered against it, everything written in this book, which Jeremiah prophesied against all the nations.
14 For many nations and great kings shall make slaves even of them, and I will recompense them according to their deeds and the work of their hands."
15 Thus the LORD, the God of Israel, said to me: "Take from my hand this cup of the wine of wrath, and make all the nations to whom I send you drink it.
16 They shall drink and stagger and be crazed because of the sword that I am sending among them."
17 So I took the cup from the LORD's hand, and made all the nations to whom the LORD sent me drink it:
18 Jerusalem and the cities of Judah, its kings and officials, to make them a desolation and a waste, a hissing and a curse, as at this day;
19 Pharaoh king of Egypt, his servants, his officials, all his people,
20 and all the mixed tribes among them; all the kings of the land of Uz and all the kings of the land of the Philistines (Ashkelon, Gaza, Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod);
21 Edom, Moab, and the sons of Ammon;
22 all the kings of Tyre, all the kings of Sidon, and the kings of the coastland across the sea;
23 Dedan, Tema, Buz, and all who cut the corners of their hair;
24 all the kings of Arabia and all the kings of the mixed tribes who dwell in the desert;
25 all the kings of Zimri, all the kings of Elam, and all the kings of Media;
26 all the kings of the north, far and near, one after another, and all the kingdoms of the world that are on the face of the earth. And after them the king of Babylon shall drink.
27 "Then you shall say to them, 'Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: Drink, be drunk and vomit, fall and rise no more, because of the sword that I am sending among you.'
28 "And if they refuse to accept the cup from your hand to drink, then you shall say to them, 'Thus says the LORD of hosts: You must drink!
29 For behold, I begin to work disaster at the city that is called by my name, and shall you go unpunished? You shall not go unpunished, for I am summoning a sword against all the inhabitants of the earth, declares the LORD of hosts.'
30 "You, therefore, shall prophesy against them all these words, and say to them: "'The LORD will roar from on high, and from his holy habitation utter his voice; he will roar mightily against his fold, and shout, like those who tread grapes, against all the inhabitants of the earth.
31 The clamor will resound to the ends of the earth, for the LORD has an indictment against the nations; he is entering into judgment with all flesh, and the wicked he will put to the sword, declares the LORD.'
32 "Thus says the LORD of hosts: Behold, disaster is going forth from nation to nation, and a great tempest is stirring from the farthest parts of the earth!
33 "And those pierced by the LORD on that day shall extend from one end of the earth to the other. They shall not be lamented, or gathered, or buried; they shall be dung on the surface of the ground.
34 "Wail, you shepherds, and cry out, and roll in ashes, you lords of the flock, for the days of your slaughter and dispersion have come, and you shall fall like a choice vessel.
35 No refuge will remain for the shepherds, nor escape for the lords of the flock.
36 A voice--the cry of the shepherds, and the wail of the lords of the flock! For the LORD is laying waste their pasture,
37 and the peaceful folds are devastated because of the fierce anger of the LORD.
38 Like a lion he has left his lair, for their land has become a waste because of the sword of the oppressor, and because of his fierce anger."

Cross References 54

  • 1. Jeremiah 49:12; Jeremiah 51:7; Job 21:20; Psalms 60:3; Psalms 75:8; Isaiah 51:17; Lamentations 4:21; Revelation 14:10
  • 2. [Jeremiah 47:6]
  • 3. [Isaiah 51:22, 23]
  • 4. [Zechariah 12:2]
  • 5. See Jeremiah 18:16
  • 6. Jeremiah 46:25
  • 7. Jeremiah 50:37; [Exodus 12:38; Ezekiel 30:5]
  • 8. Job 1:1; Lamentations 4:21
  • 9. Jeremiah 47:1, 4, 5
  • 10. Jeremiah 47:1, 4, 5
  • 11. Jeremiah 47:1, 4, 5
  • 12. [Isaiah 20:1]
  • 13. Jeremiah 9:26; See Jeremiah 49:7-22
  • 14. See Jeremiah 48
  • 15. See Jeremiah 49:1-6
  • 16. Jeremiah 47:4; Isaiah 23:1, 2
  • 17. Jeremiah 47:4; Isaiah 23:1, 2
  • 18. [Jeremiah 49:23]
  • 19. Jeremiah 49:8; Isaiah 21:13
  • 20. Job 6:19
  • 21. [Job 32:2, 6]
  • 22. See Jeremiah 9:26
  • 23. 2 Chronicles 9:14
  • 24. [See ver. 20 above]
  • 25. Isaiah 11:11; See Jeremiah 49:34-39
  • 26. [2 Kings 17:6]
  • 27. Jeremiah 50:9
  • 28. Jeremiah 51:41
  • 29. Habakkuk 2:16
  • 30. Ezekiel 38:21; [ver. 16]
  • 31. Jeremiah 49:12
  • 32. Proverbs 11:31; Isaiah 10:12; Amos 3:2; Obadiah 16; [1 Peter 4:17]
  • 33. [See ver. 27 above]
  • 34. Joel 3:16; Amos 1:2
  • 35. [Judges 9:27; Isaiah 16:9]
  • 36. Hosea 4:1
  • 37. Isaiah 66:16; [Joel 3:2]
  • 38. Jeremiah 23:19; Jeremiah 30:23
  • 39. Jeremiah 6:22
  • 40. Isaiah 66:16
  • 41. See Jeremiah 16:4
  • 42. See Jeremiah 8:2
  • 43. See Jeremiah 8:2
  • 44. Jeremiah 4:8
  • 45. See Jeremiah 23:1
  • 46. Jeremiah 6:26
  • 47. See Jeremiah 23:1
  • 48. [See ver. 35 above]
  • 49. Jeremiah 4:8
  • 50. [Isaiah 32:18]
  • 51. See Jeremiah 12:13
  • 52. [Job 38:40]
  • 53. Jeremiah 46:16; Jeremiah 50:16
  • 54. [See ver. 37 above]

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Hebrew Sheshach, a code name for Babylon
The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.